0oes 0n||ne

"work|ng 0ut work"
as a Treatment and Prevent|on
for 0epress|on |n 0|der Adu|ts?
0oes 0n||ne
"work|ng 0ut work"
as a Treatment and Prevent|on
for 0epress|on |n 0|der Adu|ts?
0r. Robe|yn A. Carc|a
Ar|zona 8tate Un|vers|ty
2011
0r. Robe|yn A. Carc|a
Ar|zona 8tate Un|vers|ty
2011
0n||ne K|nes|of|tness
|ntroduct|on
0n||ne K|nes|of|tness
|ntroduct|on
I bet your wondering,
"How can I take a Fitness CIass
OnIine?"
I bet your wondering,
"How can I take a Fitness CIass
OnIine?"
A6KN0wLE0CHENT8
Tre aulro( Wou|d |||e lo lrar| lre lo||oW|rd peop|e lo( lre|( |rva|uao|e suppo(l. du|darce. ard
ass|slarce du(|rd lre p(ocess ol lr|s |rvesl|dal|or.
1. 0(. 8(erda 3rac||elo(d
2. 0(. Jer K|rd
3. Pau|a L|ppe(l
1. Kalr|eer wa|d(or
5. Tre 3er|o( ur|ve(s|lv 3lall
ê. Tre vo|urlee(s Wro pa(l|c|paled |r lre sludv.
8PE6|AL A6KN0wLE0CHENT
l Wou|d |||e lo d|ve a spec|a| ac|roW|eddrerl lo rv dea( Volre(. lre |ale Eve|vr Jure 0a(c|a. As
a 3er|o( Adu|l. 'Volre(¨ |rsp|(ed rv slud|es |r 0e(orlo|odv.
A6KN0wLE0CHENT8
Tre aulro( Wou|d |||e lo lrar| lre lo||oW|rd peop|e lo( lre|( |rva|uao|e suppo(l. du|darce. ard
ass|slarce du(|rd lre p(ocess ol lr|s |rvesl|dal|or.
1. 0(. 8(erda 3rac||elo(d
2. 0(. Jer K|rd
3. Pau|a L|ppe(l
1. Kalr|eer wa|d(or
5. Tre 3er|o( ur|ve(s|lv 3lall
ê. Tre vo|urlee(s Wro pa(l|c|paled |r lre sludv.
8PE6|AL A6KN0wLE0CHENT
l Wou|d |||e lo d|ve a spec|a| ac|roW|eddrerl lo rv dea( Volre(. lre |ale Eve|vr Jure 0a(c|a. As
a 3er|o( Adu|l. 'Volre(¨ |rsp|(ed rv slud|es |r 0e(orlo|odv.
»~./ » »~./ »
Presentat|on by
Robe|yn A. Carc|a, H.8., C.6., Ph.0.
Presentat|on by
Robe|yn A. Carc|a, H.8., C.6., Ph.0.
Capstone for Aging and Lifespan
Development in the College of
Liberal Arts and Sciences,
Arizona State University
Capstone for Aging and Lifespan
Development in the College of
Liberal Arts and Sciences,
Arizona State University
AL0 593 APPL|E0 PR0JE6T
An Ana|ys|s of a Prescr|bed and
Hon|tored Exerc|se Program
Adm|n|stered v|a the |nternet for
8en|or Adu|ts w|th 0epress|on.
An Ana|ys|s of a Prescr|bed and
Hon|tored Exerc|se Program
Adm|n|stered v|a the |nternet for
8en|or Adu|ts w|th 0epress|on.
P03TER P(eserled ov
Rooe|vr 0a(c|a. V.3.. 0.C.. Pr.0.
P03TER P(eserled ov
Rooe|vr 0a(c|a. V.3.. 0.C.. Pr.0.
Aß8TRA6T Aß8TRA6T
08JECTl\E: Tre pu(pose ol lr|s sludv |s lo
|rvesl|dale. access. ard ara|vze lre ellecl|veress ol ar
or||re p(esc(|oed ard ror|lo(ed exe(c|se p(od(ar lo(
lre l(ealrerl ol dep(ess|or |r 0|de( Adu|ls.
08JECTl\E: Tre pu(pose ol lr|s sludv |s lo
|rvesl|dale. access. ard ara|vze lre ellecl|veress ol ar
or||re p(esc(|oed ard ror|lo(ed exe(c|se p(od(ar lo(
lre l(ealrerl ol dep(ess|or |r 0|de( Adu|ls.
Tre 0eperderl \a(|ao|e lo( lre sludv |s 0ep(ess|or. Tre 0eperderl \a(|ao|e lo( lre sludv |s 0ep(ess|or.
Tre lrdeperderl \a(|ao|e lo( lre sludv |s lre Ellecls ol
Exe(c|se adr|r|sle(ed v|a lre lrle(rel.
Tre lrdeperderl \a(|ao|e lo( lre sludv |s lre Ellecls ol
Exe(c|se adr|r|sle(ed v|a lre lrle(rel.
Tre Popu|al|or |s 3ENl0R adu|ls. Tre Popu|al|or |s 3ENl0R adu|ls.
600PERAT|NC 0RCAN|ZAT|0N 600PERAT|NC 0RCAN|ZAT|0N
3ENl0R uNl\ER3lTY: Tre sludv Was
corducled ard dala Was co||ecled al 3er|o(
ur|ve(s|lv or||re Weos|le. Tr|s o(dar|zal|or
se(ves o|de( adu|ls |r lre 3collsda|e. No(lr
Proer|x. ard Pa(ad|se \a||ev a(eas.
3ENl0R uNl\ER3lTY: Tre sludv Was
corducled ard dala Was co||ecled al 3er|o(
ur|ve(s|lv or||re Weos|le. Tr|s o(dar|zal|or
se(ves o|de( adu|ls |r lre 3collsda|e. No(lr
Proer|x. ard Pa(ad|se \a||ev a(eas.
SeniorUniversityEduus
8EN|0R UN|VER8|TY 8EN|0R UN|VER8|TY
SENÌOR UNÌVERSÌTY
ORGANÌZATÌONAL CHART
Senior Adult
Ìnstructors
Senior University
Sponsors
Volunteer
Staff
Senior University
Ìnterns
Community Service
Workers
Senior University
Staff
Dr Brenda Shackleford
Director
RE8EAR6h 0UE8T|0N RE8EAR6h 0UE8T|0N
0oes 0n||ne
"work|ng 0ut work"
as a Treatment and Prevent|on
for 0epress|on |n 0|der
Adu|ts?
0oes 0n||ne
"work|ng 0ut work"
as a Treatment and Prevent|on
for 0epress|on |n 0|der
Adu|ts?
8v lre vea( 2030. ar esl|raled 0 m||||on peop|e W||| oe
o|de( lrar ê5.
Exe(c|se ras oeer sroWr as 0NE ol lre rosl ellecl|ve
l(ealrerls lo( dep(ess|or |r e|de(|v peop|e. |3|rdr 2001).
lea|lr p(oless|ora|s l(or a|| d|sc|p||res corcu( or lre
rv(|ad ol rerla| rea|lr oerel|ls lral a (edu|a( exe(c|se
p(od(ar car p(ov|de. |0|as 2003).
8v lre vea( 2030. ar esl|raled 0 m||||on peop|e W||| oe
o|de( lrar ê5.
Exe(c|se ras oeer sroWr as 0NE ol lre rosl ellecl|ve
l(ealrerls lo( dep(ess|or |r e|de(|v peop|e. |3|rdr 2001).
lea|lr p(oless|ora|s l(or a|| d|sc|p||res corcu( or lre
rv(|ad ol rerla| rea|lr oerel|ls lral a (edu|a( exe(c|se
p(od(ar car p(ov|de. |0|as 2003).
REV|Ew 0F L|TERATURE
Acco(d|rd lo lre 3u(deor 0ere(a|. ¨Lac| ol exe(c|se |s lre
#1 rea|lr corce(r lac|rd lr|s courl(v.¨ |2011).
ZZ.3 º ol ur|led 3lales popu|al|or use lre |rle(rel.
|lrle(rel wo(|d 3lals. 2010).
'we rave lre lecrro|odv lo |rp(ove lre ove(a|| l|lress ard
rea|lr ol lre ral|or.¨ savs Pau| w||||ars. sc|erl|sl |r 8e(|e|ev
Lao. u.3. 0ove(rrerl. |2010).
Acco(d|rd lo lre 3u(deor 0ere(a|. ¨Lac| ol exe(c|se |s lre
#1 rea|lr corce(r lac|rd lr|s courl(v.¨ |2011).
ZZ.3 º ol ur|led 3lales popu|al|or use lre |rle(rel.
|lrle(rel wo(|d 3lals. 2010).
'we rave lre lecrro|odv lo |rp(ove lre ove(a|| l|lress ard
rea|lr ol lre ral|or.¨ savs Pau| w||||ars. sc|erl|sl |r 8e(|e|ev
Lao. u.3. 0ove(rrerl. |2010).
REV|Ew 0F L|TERATURE
0EPRE88|0N 0EPRE88|0N
0ep(ess|or |s del|red ov P(|rcelor
ur|ve(s|lv 3cro|a(s as a rerla| slale
cra(acle(|zed ov a pess|r|sl|c serse ol
|radecuacv ard a desporderl |ac| ol acl|v|lv.
0ep(ess|or |s del|red ov P(|rcelor
ur|ve(s|lv 3cro|a(s as a rerla| slale
cra(acle(|zed ov a pess|r|sl|c serse ol
|radecuacv ard a desporderl |ac| ol acl|v|lv.
0EPRE88|0N 0EPRE88|0N
Tre p(eserce ard seve(|lv ol dep(ess|or W|||
oe assessed ov us|rd TlE VERCK VANuAL
0F 0ERlATRlC3 |003) 0e(|al(|c 0ep(ess|or
3ca|e. Assessrerls W||| oe pe(lo(red al
oase||re oelo(e ard alle( lre l(ealrerl exe(c|se
|s corc|uded.
Tre p(eserce ard seve(|lv ol dep(ess|or W|||
oe assessed ov us|rd TlE VERCK VANuAL
0F 0ERlATRlC3 |003) 0e(|al(|c 0ep(ess|or
3ca|e. Assessrerls W||| oe pe(lo(red al
oase||re oelo(e ard alle( lre l(ealrerl exe(c|se
|s corc|uded.
HETh008 HETh008
TlE VERCK VANuAL 0F 0ERlATRlC3
0e(|al(|c 0ep(ess|or 3ca|e |003) 0uE3Tl0NNAlRE
C|(c|e lre oesl arsWe( lo( roW vou rave le|l ove( lre pasl Wee|:
1. A(e vou oas|ca||v sal|sl|ed W|lr vou( ||le? YE3 / N0
2. lave vou d(opped rarv ol vou( acl|v|l|es ard |rle(esls? YE3 / N0
3. 0o vou lee| lral vou( ||le |s erplv? YE3 / N0
1. 0o vou oller del oo(ed? YE3 / N0
5. A(e vou |r dood sp|(|ls rosl ol lre l|re? YE3 / N0
ê. A(e vou al(a|d lral sorelr|rd oad |s do|rd lo rapper lo vou? YE3 / N0
Z. 0o vou lee| rappv rosl ol lre l|re? YE3 / N0
TlE VERCK VANuAL 0F 0ERlATRlC3
0e(|al(|c 0ep(ess|or 3ca|e |003) 0uE3Tl0NNAlRE
C|(c|e lre oesl arsWe( lo( roW vou rave le|l ove( lre pasl Wee|:
1. A(e vou oas|ca||v sal|sl|ed W|lr vou( ||le? YE3 / N0
2. lave vou d(opped rarv ol vou( acl|v|l|es ard |rle(esls? YE3 / N0
3. 0o vou lee| lral vou( ||le |s erplv? YE3 / N0
1. 0o vou oller del oo(ed? YE3 / N0
5. A(e vou |r dood sp|(|ls rosl ol lre l|re? YE3 / N0
ê. A(e vou al(a|d lral sorelr|rd oad |s do|rd lo rapper lo vou? YE3 / N0
Z. 0o vou lee| rappv rosl ol lre l|re? YE3 / N0
HETh008 HETh008
TlE VERCK VANuAL 0F 0ERlATRlC3 |003)
8. 0o vou oller lee| re|p|ess? YE3 / N0
9. 0o vou p(ele( lo slav al rore. (alre( lrar do|rd oul ard do|rd reW lr|rds? YE3 / N0
10. 0o vou lee| vou rave ro(e p(oo|ers W|lr rero(v lrar rosl? YE3 / N0
11. 0o vou lr|r| |l |s Worde(lu| lo oe a||ve roW? YE3 / N0
12. 0o vou lee| p(ellv Wo(lr|ess lre Wav vou a(e roW? YE3 / N0
13. 0o vou lee| lu|| ol ere(dv? YE3 / N0
11. 0o vou lee| lral vou( s|lual|or |s rope|ess? YE3 / N0
15. 0o vou lr|r| lral rosl peop|e a(e oelle( oll lrar vou a(e? YE3 / N0
TlE VERCK VANuAL 0F 0ERlATRlC3 |003)
8. 0o vou oller lee| re|p|ess? YE3 / N0
9. 0o vou p(ele( lo slav al rore. (alre( lrar do|rd oul ard do|rd reW lr|rds? YE3 / N0
10. 0o vou lee| vou rave ro(e p(oo|ers W|lr rero(v lrar rosl? YE3 / N0
11. 0o vou lr|r| |l |s Worde(lu| lo oe a||ve roW? YE3 / N0
12. 0o vou lee| p(ellv Wo(lr|ess lre Wav vou a(e roW? YE3 / N0
13. 0o vou lee| lu|| ol ere(dv? YE3 / N0
11. 0o vou lee| lral vou( s|lual|or |s rope|ess? YE3 / N0
15. 0o vou lr|r| lral rosl peop|e a(e oelle( oll lrar vou a(e? YE3 / N0
HETh008 HETh008
SERl/TRl0 0EPRE$$lDh $0/lE $0DRlhS
3co(e: 1 po|rl lo( ¨No¨ lo cuesl|ors 1. 5. Z. 11. ard 13. 1 po|rl lo( ¨Yes¨ lo olre( cuesl|ors.

No(ra|: ^ 3
V||d|v dep(essed: Z - 1
Vode(ale|v dep(essed: 8 - 11
\e(v dep(essed: _ 12

|Adapled l(or 3re||r Jl. Yesavade JA: ¨0e(|al(|c dep(ess|or |003).¨ Ed|led ov TL 8(|r|. A 0u|de lo Assessrerl ard
lrle(verl|or. C||r|ca| 0e(orlo|odv. pp. 1ê5 -1Z3. laWo(lr P(ess lrc.. 8|rdrarplor. N.Y.. 198ê.)
SERl/TRl0 0EPRE$$lDh $0/lE $0DRlhS
3co(e: 1 po|rl lo( ¨No¨ lo cuesl|ors 1. 5. Z. 11. ard 13. 1 po|rl lo( ¨Yes¨ lo olre( cuesl|ors.

No(ra|: ^ 3
V||d|v dep(essed: Z - 1
Vode(ale|v dep(essed: 8 - 11
\e(v dep(essed: _ 12

|Adapled l(or 3re||r Jl. Yesavade JA: ¨0e(|al(|c dep(ess|or |003).¨ Ed|led ov TL 8(|r|. A 0u|de lo Assessrerl ard
lrle(verl|or. C||r|ca| 0e(orlo|odv. pp. 1ê5 -1Z3. laWo(lr P(ess lrc.. 8|rdrarplor. N.Y.. 198ê.)
HETh008 HETh008
CERlA7RlC 0EPRE$$l0h $CALE $C0RlhC

|N6LU8|0N 6R|TER|A
H||d|y depressed:
Hoderate|y depressed: 8 11
EX6LU8|0N 6R|TER|A
Norma| [Not 0epressed}: ^ 3

CERlA7RlC 0EPRE$$l0h $CALE $C0RlhC

|N6LU8|0N 6R|TER|A
H||d|y depressed:
Hoderate|y depressed: 8 11
EX6LU8|0N 6R|TER|A
Norma| [Not 0epressed}: ^ 3

HETh008 HETh008
Resea(cr 0es|dr Resea(cr 0es|dr
0uant|tat|ve Research 0es|gn.
PreTest | PostTest 0es|gn. .
0ne Treatment | |ntervent|on Croup
0es|gn. .
Resea(cr 0es|dr Resea(cr 0es|dr
0uant|tat|ve Research 0es|gn.
PreTest | PostTest 0es|gn. .
0ne Treatment | |ntervent|on Croup
0es|gn. .
HETh008 HETh008
Veasu(ererl ol \a(|ao|es Veasu(ererl ol \a(|ao|es
0ependent Var|ab|e -- Tre 0eperderl \a(|ao|e lo( lre Tre 0eperderl \a(|ao|e lo( lre
sludv |s 0ep(ess|or. 0eperderl \a(|ao|e ol 0ep(ess|or sludv |s 0ep(ess|or. 0eperderl \a(|ao|e ol 0ep(ess|or
W||| oe reasu(ed us|rd TlE VERCK VANuAL 0F W||| oe reasu(ed us|rd TlE VERCK VANuAL 0F
0ERlATRlC3 |003) 0e(|al(|c 0ep(ess|or 3ca|e 0ERlATRlC3 |003) 0e(|al(|c 0ep(ess|or 3ca|e
0uesl|orra|(e. 0uesl|orra|(e.
|ndependent Var|ab|e -- Tre lrdeperderl \a(|ao|e lo( Tre lrdeperderl \a(|ao|e lo(
lre sludv |s lre Ellecls ol Exe(c|se. Tr|s |s reasu(ed ov lre sludv |s lre Ellecls ol Exe(c|se. Tr|s |s reasu(ed ov
corpa(|rd lre 003 sco(es oelo(e ard alle( lre suojecl's corpa(|rd lre 003 sco(es oelo(e ard alle( lre suojecl's
pa(l|c|pal|or |r lre l(ealrerl exe(c|se. pa(l|c|pal|or |r lre l(ealrerl exe(c|se.
HETh008 HETh008
Tre popu|al|or |s o|de( adu|ls. Tre popu|al|or |s o|de( adu|ls.
Pa(l|c|parls We(e vo|urlee(s aded 50 lo 80 vea(s o|d Wro
rel lre c(|le(|a lo( r||d o( rode(ale dep(ess|or ard sco(ed
al |easl 1 or lre 003 al sludv erl(v.
Pa(l|c|parls rad ro red|ca| corl(a|rd|cal|ors lo exe(c|se as
derorsl(aled ov corp|el|or ol lre |PAR-0) Prvs|ca|
Acl|v|lv Read|ress 0uesl|orra|(e.
Tre popu|al|or |s o|de( adu|ls. Tre popu|al|or |s o|de( adu|ls.
Pa(l|c|parls We(e vo|urlee(s aded 50 lo 80 vea(s o|d Wro
rel lre c(|le(|a lo( r||d o( rode(ale dep(ess|or ard sco(ed
al |easl 1 or lre 003 al sludv erl(v.
Pa(l|c|parls rad ro red|ca| corl(a|rd|cal|ors lo exe(c|se as
derorsl(aled ov corp|el|or ol lre |PAR-0) Prvs|ca|
Acl|v|lv Read|ress 0uesl|orra|(e.
0ATA 60LLE6T|0N 0ATA 60LLE6T|0N
ßase||ne: ßase||ne: ßefore Exerc|se
Pr|or to part|c|pat|ng |n the treatment exerc|se program the
subjects comp|eted:
1. The [PAR0} Phys|ca| Act|v|ty Read|ness
0uest|onna|re.
2. A ßas|c H|n|ma| R|sk 6onsent form.
3. A Persona| |nformat|on form.
ßase||ne: ßase||ne: ßefore Exerc|se
Pr|or to part|c|pat|ng |n the treatment exerc|se program the
subjects comp|eted:
1. The [PAR0} Phys|ca| Act|v|ty Read|ness
0uest|onna|re.
2. A ßas|c H|n|ma| R|sk 6onsent form.
3. A Persona| |nformat|on form.
0ATA 60LLE6T|0N 0ATA 60LLE6T|0N
|ntervent|on Treatment Exerc|se Program
'wo(||rd 0ul¨ W||| |rc|ude lre lo||oW|rd:
0n completion of the baseline assessments, participants
completed the following exercise program, with a frequency of 3
times per week for 8 weeks:
1. 1. warm warmup up
W F|ex|b|||ty Exerc|ses
2. 2. Exerc|se Prescr|pt|on Exerc|se Prescr|pt|on
W 6ard|ovascu|ar Endurance Act|v|ty [30
m|nutes}
3. 3. 6oo| 6oo|down down
W F|ex|b|||ty Exerc|ses
|ntervent|on Treatment Exerc|se Program
'wo(||rd 0ul¨ W||| |rc|ude lre lo||oW|rd:
0n completion of the baseline assessments, participants
completed the following exercise program, with a frequency of 3
times per week for 8 weeks:
1. 1. warm warmup up
W F|ex|b|||ty Exerc|ses
2. 2. Exerc|se Prescr|pt|on Exerc|se Prescr|pt|on
W 6ard|ovascu|ar Endurance Act|v|ty [30
m|nutes}
3. 3. 6oo| 6oo|down down
W F|ex|b|||ty Exerc|ses
0ATA 60LLE6T|0N 0ATA 60LLE6T|0N
|ntervent|on Treatment Exerc|se Program
warm warmup & 6oo| up & 6oo|down F|ex|b|||ty Exerc|ses down F|ex|b|||ty Exerc|ses
1. |nverted hurd|er ô. ß|cep 8tretch
2. ßutterf|y 8tretch . Tr|cep 8tretch
3. Pretze| 8tretch 8. 8hou|der 6ross
. 8tradd|e 8tretch 9. 6hest 0oor 8tretch
5. 0uadr|cep 8tretch 10. 6a|f 8tretch
|ntervent|on Treatment Exerc|se Program
warm warmup & 6oo| up & 6oo|down F|ex|b|||ty Exerc|ses down F|ex|b|||ty Exerc|ses
1. |nverted hurd|er ô. ß|cep 8tretch
2. ßutterf|y 8tretch . Tr|cep 8tretch
3. Pretze| 8tretch 8. 8hou|der 6ross
. 8tradd|e 8tretch 9. 6hest 0oor 8tretch
5. 0uadr|cep 8tretch 10. 6a|f 8tretch
0ATA 60LLE6T|0N 0ATA 60LLE6T|0N
|ntervent|on Treatment Exerc|se Program
Exerc|se Prescr|pt|on: Exerc|se Prescr|pt|on: 6ard|ovascu|ar Endurance Act|v|ty
Participants completed 30 minutes of one the following
Cardiovascular Endurance Activities:
1. ßr|sk wa|k|ng
2. 8tat|onery ß|cyc|e
3. E|||pt|ca| Hach|ne
. 8w|mm|ng
lfrequency of 3 times per week for 8 weeks for a total of
24 workouts}
|ntervent|on Treatment Exerc|se Program
Exerc|se Prescr|pt|on: Exerc|se Prescr|pt|on: 6ard|ovascu|ar Endurance Act|v|ty
Participants completed 30 minutes of one the following
Cardiovascular Endurance Activities:
1. ßr|sk wa|k|ng
2. 8tat|onery ß|cyc|e
3. E|||pt|ca| Hach|ne
. 8w|mm|ng
lfrequency of 3 times per week for 8 weeks for a total of
24 workouts}
0ATA 60LLE6T|0N
www.$enior0niversityEdu.us
0ATA 60LLE6T|0N
www.$enior0niversityEdu.us
0ATA 60LLE6T|0N
www.$enior0niversityEdu.us
0ATA 60LLE6T|0N
www.$enior0niversityEdu.us
0n||ne K|nes|of|tness
|ntroduct|on
0n||ne K|nes|of|tness
|ntroduct|on
I bet your wondering,
"How can I take a Fitness CIass OnIine?"
I bet your wondering,
"How can I take a Fitness CIass OnIine?"
DATA COLLECTION
DATA COLLECTION
0ATA 60LLE6T|0N
www.$enior0niversityEdu.us
0ATA 60LLE6T|0N
www.$enior0niversityEdu.us
0ATA 60LLE6T|0N
www.$enior0niversityEdu.us
0ATA 60LLE6T|0N
www.$enior0niversityEdu.us
0ATA 60LLE6T|0N
www.$enior0niversityEdu.us
0ATA 60LLE6T|0N
www.$enior0niversityEdu.us
0ATA 60LLE6T|0N
www.$enior0niversityEdu.us
0ATA 60LLE6T|0N
www.$enior0niversityEdu.us
RE8EAR6h hYP0ThE8E8 RE8EAR6h hYP0ThE8E8
8ased or lre ||le(alu(e (ev|eW. |l |s
rvpolres|zed lral a ror|lo(ed or||re exe(c|se
p(od(ar W||| rave a oerel|c|a| ellecl or
dep(ess|or arord 3ENl0R A0uLT3.
8ased or lre ||le(alu(e (ev|eW. |l |s
rvpolres|zed lral a ror|lo(ed or||re exe(c|se
p(od(ar W||| rave a oerel|c|a| ellecl or
dep(ess|or arord 3ENl0R A0uLT3.
8TAT|8T|6AL PR06E0URE 8TAT|8T|6AL PR06E0URE
0esc(|pl|ve |rle(p(elal|or ol 003 0uesl|orra|(e
sco(es (ep(eserled |r ralreral|ca| le(rs.
0eperderl ara|vs|s ol rure(|ca| |0uANTlTATl\E)
dala lo( P(e ard Posl Tesl Vear 0|lle(erces ol ore
0(oup.
0esc(|pl|ve |rle(p(elal|or ol 003 0uesl|orra|(e
sco(es (ep(eserled |r ralreral|ca| le(rs.
0eperderl ara|vs|s ol rure(|ca| |0uANTlTATl\E)
dala lo( P(e ard Posl Tesl Vear 0|lle(erces ol ore
0(oup.
RE8ULT8 0F ThE ANALY8|8 RE8ULT8 0F ThE ANALY8|8
Pa(l|c|parl 0erod(apr|cs Tao|e
[A0hEREN6E T0 TREATHENT: 0n|y one part|c|pant dropped out of the study.}
Pa(l|c|parl 0erod(apr|cs Tao|e
[A0hEREN6E T0 TREATHENT: 0n|y one part|c|pant dropped out of the study.}
Gender Male 38% Female 62%
12 participants 19 Participants
Age 50-60 years 61-69 years
20 Participants 10 Participants
70-80 years
1 Participant
Marital Status Single 66% Married 34%
21 Participants 10 Participants
RE8ULT8 0F ThE ANALY8|8 RE8ULT8 0F ThE ANALY8|8
Depression ScaIe Post-Test Statistics Depression ScaIe Post-Test Statistics
Scores: 5,2,3,4,5,4,3,4,4,3,3,4,4,4,3,4,5,3,3,4,3,3,5,5,5,5,4,3,4,5
Total Numbers: 30
Range: 3
Mean (Average): 386667
Standard deviation: 086037
Variance (Standard deviation): 074023
Population Standard deviation: 084591
Variance (Population Standard deviation): 071556
REFLECTS A NORMAL DÌSTRÌBUTÌON
ALL n POST-TEST SCORES WERE LOWER THAN PRE-TEST
Scores: 5,2,3,4,5,4,3,4,4,3,3,4,4,4,3,4,5,3,3,4,3,3,5,5,5,5,4,3,4,5
Total Numbers: 30
Range: 3
Mean (Average): 386667
Standard deviation: 086037
Variance (Standard deviation): 074023
Population Standard deviation: 084591
Variance (Population Standard deviation): 071556
REFLECTS A NORMAL DÌSTRÌBUTÌON
ALL n POST-TEST SCORES WERE LOWER THAN PRE-TEST
RE8ULT8 0F ThE ANALY8|8 RE8ULT8 0F ThE ANALY8|8
Depression Scale Mean Scores Depression Scale Mean Scores
Before After Before After
----->
RE8ULT8 0F ThE ANALY8|8 RE8ULT8 0F ThE ANALY8|8
0
1
2
3

5
ô

8
9
0epressed Not 0epressed
ßefore 0n||ne
Exerc|se 6|ass
After 0n||ne
Exerc|se 6|ass
Depression Scale Scores Range = 7 Depression Scale Scores Range = 7
Before After Before After
----->
RE8ULT8 0F ThE ANALY8|8 RE8ULT8 0F ThE ANALY8|8
Depression Scale Scores Range = 7 Depression Scale Scores Range = 7
Before After Before After
----->
RE8ULT8 0F ThE ANALY8|8 RE8ULT8 0F ThE ANALY8|8
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5

.5
5
Hean h|gh Low
Hean 8core
h|gh|Low 8cores
Depression Scale Post-Test Range Depression Scale Post-Test Range
Post-Test Range = 3 Post-Test Range = 3
----->
RE8ULT8 0F ThE ANALY8|8 RE8ULT8 0F ThE ANALY8|8
Depression Scale Mean Scores Depression Scale Mean Scores
Before After
606 39 Numerical Average
Before After
606 39 Numerical Average
-->
60N6LU8|0N8 60N6LU8|0N8
1. Th|s research study prov|des ev|dence and emp|r|ca|
support for the |mportance of exerc|se |n reduc|ng
depress|on symptoms |n 8en|or adu|ts.
2. A regu|ar exerc|se program [3 t|mes per week}
adm|n|stered v|a the |nternet |s an effect|ve a|d |n the
treatment of depress|on |n 8EN|0R A0ULT8.
3. 0n||ne "work|ng 0ut works" as a Treatment for
0epress|on |n 0|der Adu|ts.
1. Th|s research study prov|des ev|dence and emp|r|ca|
support for the |mportance of exerc|se |n reduc|ng
depress|on symptoms |n 8en|or adu|ts.
2. A regu|ar exerc|se program [3 t|mes per week}
adm|n|stered v|a the |nternet |s an effect|ve a|d |n the
treatment of depress|on |n 8EN|0R A0ULT8.
3. 0n||ne "work|ng 0ut works" as a Treatment for
0epress|on |n 0|der Adu|ts.
|HPL|6AT|0N8 F0R FURThER
RE8EAR6h
|HPL|6AT|0N8 F0R FURThER
RE8EAR6h
1. Further research cou|d compare and ana|yze the
effects of a muscu|ar strength tra|n|ng exerc|se
program verses a card|ovascu|ar tra|n|ng exerc|se
program.
2. Research cou|d a|so |nc|ude a |arger popu|at|on
s|ze w|th var|ed |eve|s of depress|on.
3. A contro| group can be added to future research for
more deta||ed ana|ys|s and compar|son of data.
1. Further research cou|d compare and ana|yze the
effects of a muscu|ar strength tra|n|ng exerc|se
program verses a card|ovascu|ar tra|n|ng exerc|se
program.
2. Research cou|d a|so |nc|ude a |arger popu|at|on
s|ze w|th var|ed |eve|s of depress|on.
3. A contro| group can be added to future research for
more deta||ed ana|ys|s and compar|son of data.
0|86U88|0N 0|86U88|0N
0n||ne
"work|ng 0ut works" as a
Treatment for 0epress|on
|n 0|der Adu|ts.
0n||ne
"work|ng 0ut works" as a
Treatment for 0epress|on
|n 0|der Adu|ts.
ThE EN0

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