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Business Computer Applications Filer High School
Define the term computer and discuss the four basic computer operations: input, processing, output, and storage. Define data and information Explain the principal components of the computer and their use Describe the use and handling of floppy disks and hard disks Discuss computer software and explain the difference between system software and application software.
Identify several types of personal computer application software. Discuss computer communications channels and equipment and the Internet and World Wide Web. Explain how to purchase, install, and maintain a personal computer, a notebook computer, and a handheld computer. Define e-commerce.
computer information processing cycle data information computer users, end users, or users computer program or software input devices mouse central processing unit memory output devices monitor storage devices formatting hard disk compact disc systems software application software network Internet World Wide Web URL electronic commerce
Essential question: What is a computer? A computer is an electronic device, operating under the control of instructions stored in its own memory unit, that can accept data (input), manipulate the data according to specified rules (process), produce information (output) from the processing, and store the results for future use. Generally, the term is used to describe a collection of devices that function together as a system.
input. process. and storage.Information Processing Cycle Essential question: What does a computer do? Computers can perform four general operations that make up the Information Processing Cycle . . output.
figures. video.Data All computer processing requires data ± a collection of raw facts. . and sounds. images. such as numbers. and symbols. words. given to a computer during the input operation.
meaningful.Information Information is data that is organized. . and useful.
just users. end users. . or sometimes.Computer Users/End Users/Users People who use the computer directly or use the information it provides are called computer users.
These instructions are called a computer program. it must be given a detailed set of instructions that tells it exactly what to do. or software.Computer Program or Software sse tial uestio : is a computer so powerful For a computer to perform operations. .
Computer Components Essential question: What are the components of a computer? .
Input Devices An input device is any hardware component that allows you to enter data. and user responses into a computer. commands. . programs.
Mouse Essential question: What is the difference between a mechanical mouse and an optical mouse? .
or in the time it takes to blink your eye. The CPU is made up of the control unit and arithmetic/logic unit. On personal computers. The control unit interprets the instructions. The arithmetic/logic unit performs the logical and arithmetic processes.Central Processing Unit The central processing unit (CPU) contains the electronic circuits that cause processing to occur. High-end processors contain 42 million transistors and are capable of performing some operations 10 million times in a tenth of a second. . the CPU is designed into a chip called a processor.
One kilobyte (K or KB) equals approximately 1. a computer with 96 MB or memory can store approximately 96 million characters. or RAM. graphics. usually stores one character. The amount of memory in computers typically is measured in kilobytes or megabytes. A memory location. . One megabyte can hold approximately 500 pages of text information.Memory Memory. and sound. consists of electronic components that store data including numbers. Any data to be processed must be stored in memory. letters of the alphabet. also called random access memory. Therefore.000 memory locations and one megabyte (M or MB) equals approximately one million memory locations. or byte.
. ± Printers used with computers can be either impact printers or nonimpact printers. such as ink-jet printers and laser printers. An impact printer prints by striking an inked ribbon against the paper. form characters by means other than striking a ribbon against paper.Output Devices Output devices make the information resulting from processing available for use. (Example: dot matrix printer) Nonimpact printers.
Laser Printer .
Computer Screens .
Compact discs also are common. .Storage Devices Storage devices. are used to store instructions and data when they are not being used in memory. also called auxiliary storage devices or secondary storage devices. Two types of auxiliary storage more often used on personal computers are floppy disks and hard disks.
The disk¶s storage locations then are divided into pie-shaped sections. A typical floppy disk stores data on both sides and has 80 tracks on each side of the recording surface with 18 sectors per track. The time required to access and retrieve data is called the access time. . ± A track is a narrow recording band that forms a full circle on the surface of the disk. or hard disk) for reading and writing by organizing the disk into storage locations called tracks and sectors. CD. ± A sector is capable of holding 512 bytes of data.Fomatting Essential question: How do you format a disk? Formatting is the process of preparing a disk (floppy disk. which break the tracks into small arcs called sectors.
Hard Disk Another form of auxiliary storage is a hard disk. A hard disk consists of one or more rigid metal platters coated with a metal oxide material that allows data to be recorded magnetically on the surface of the platters. the data is recorded on hard disks on a series of tracks. Although hard disks are available in removable cartridge form. The hard disk in a desktop computer normally resides permanently inside the system unit²it is not portable. The tracks are divided into sectors hen the disk is formatted. most disks cannot be removed from the computer. . As with floppy disks.
Compact Disc A compact disc (CD). is a flat. ± A CD-ROM. It can contain audio. graphics. is a compact disc that uses the same laser technology as audio CDs for recording music. ± A DVD-ROM (digital video disc-ROM) is a very high capacity compact disc capable of storing from 4. metal storage medium that usually is 4. portable. graphics. text.7 GB to 17GB²more than enough to hold a telephone book containing every resident in the united states. and audio.. or compact disc read-only memory. round. .75 inches in diameter and less than 1/20 of an inch thick. and video (Read-only) ± A CD-R (compact disc-recordable) is a multisession compact disc onto which you can record your own items such as text. ± A CD-RW (compact disc-rewritable) is a erasable disc you can write on multiple times. also called an optical disc.
Software can be categorized into two types: ± system software ± applications software . With the correct software.Computer Software Computer software is the key to productive use of computers. a computer can become a valuable too.
Systems Software System software consists of a program to control the operations of computer equipment. the operating system is loaded into the computer¶s memory from auxiliary storage. ± Instructions in the operating system tell the computer how to perform the functions of loading. ± Today. storing. most computers use an operating system that has a graphical user interface (GUI) that provides visual cues such as icon symbols to help the user. . and executing an application program and how to transfer data. This process is called booting. ± When a computer is turned on.
Application Software Application software consists of programs that tell a computer how to produce information. format. and perform user-defined calculations on rows and columns of numbers. ± Electronic spreadsheet software allows the user to add. and print documents. and update data in an organized and efficient manner. retrieve. ± Database software allows the user to enter. ± Word processing software is used to create. edit. . subtract. ± Presentation graphics software allows the user to create documents called slides to be used in making presentations.
is called a wide area network (WAN). such as one that connects the district offices or a national corporation. ± A network that covers a large geographical area. or group of buildings. office. ± A network that connects computers in a limited geographic area. telephone lines. modems. or other means. . is called a local area network (LAN). such as a school computer laboratory.Network A network is a collection of computers and devices connected via communications media and devices such as cables.
such as news. telephones lines. magazines. and vacation planning guides . which is a worldwide collection of networks that links together millions of computers by means of modems. cables. Reasons for using the Internet: ± Sending messages to other connected users (e-mail) ± Accessing a wealth of information.Internet The world¶s largest network is the Internet. and other communications devices and media. airline schedules. maps. such as online games. and stock market data ± Shopping for goods and services ± Meeting or conversing with people around the world ± Accessing sources of entertainment and leisure.
sound. and/or video. ± You access and view Web pages using a software program called a Web browser. to other Web documents. called a Uniform Resource Locator (URL). ± A Web page has a unique address. ± http:// stands for hypertext transfer protocol (communication standards used to transfer pages on the Web. . graphics. ± A Web page is a document that contains text. or hyperlinks. ± A Web site is a related collection of Web pages. which contains billions of documents called Web pages.World Wide Web One of the more popular segments of the Internet is the World Wide Web. and has built-in connections. also called the Web.
± A Web server is a computer that delivers (serves) requested Web pages.com URL . Most Web page URLs begin with ± http:// stands for hypertext transfer protocol (communication standards used to transfer pages on the Web). called a Uniform Resource Locator (URL). ± The domain name identifies the Web site. The URL consists of a protocol.usatoday. which is stored on a Web server. protocol domain name http://www. domain name and sometimes the path to a specific Web page or location in a Web page.URL A Web page has a unique address.
± Consumer to consumer (C2C) involves one consumer selling directly to another ± Business to business (B2B) provides good and services to to other businesses. investing. three types of e-commerce exist: ± Business to consumer (B2C) involves the sale of goods to the general public.Electronic Commerce When you conduct business activities online. These activities include shopping. and any other venture that represents a business transaction. Today. . you are participation I electronic commerce. also known as e-commerce.
How to Purchase. Install. and Maintain a Personal Computer .
Determine what application products you will use on your computer. a local computer dealer. or ordering by mail via telephone or the World Wide Web.How to Purchase a Desktop Computer 1. 2. . 3. do some research. Before buying a computer. If you are buying a new computer. Look for free software. a local large retail store. 4. you have several purchasing options: buying from your school bookstore.
monitor. DVD-ROM. keyboard. network interface card) Any software included with the computer . CD-RW.. video card) Communications devices include with the computer (modem.Purchasing Criteria Speed of the processor Size and types of memory (RAM) and storage (hared disk. floppy disk. mouse. CD-ROM. printer. Zip® drive) Input/output devices included with the computer (e.g. sound card.
9.How to Purchase a Desktop Computer (cont·d) If you are buying a used computer stick with name brands. 10. services. . Select an Internet service provider (ISP) or online service provider (OSP) 5. Avoid restocking fees. and other considerations. Be aware of hidden costs. 7. Use a worksheet to compare computers. 8. 6. Consider more than just price.
14. . Buy a computer compatible with the ones you use elsewhere. Consider purchasing an onsite service agreement 13. Use a credit card to purchase your new computer.How to Purchase a Desktop Computer (cont·d) 11. 12. Avoid buying the smallest computer available.
3. Experiment with different pointing devices and keyboards. 4. Purchase a notebook computer with a sufficiently large active-matrix screen. Make sure the notebook computer you purchase has a CD-EROM or DVD-ROM drive. upgrade memory and disk storage at the time of purchase. If necessary. .How to Purchase a Notebook Computer 1. 2.
If you are going to use your notebook computer on an airplane. If you travel overseas. . If you plan to connect your notebook computer to a video projector. 7.How to Purchase a Notebook Computer (cont·d) 5. Purchase a well-padded and well-designed carrying case. purchase a second battery. 8. make sure the notebook computer is compatible with the video projector. 6. obtain a set of electrical and telephone adapters.
Practice with the touch screen and handwriting recognition before deciding on a model. Compare battery life. What do you want to pay? 3. 5. .How to Purchase a Handheld Computer 1. Determine the applications you plan to run on your handheld computer. 4. 6. Decide if you want a color screen. Check out the accessories. 2.
or printers important? 9.How to Purchase a Handheld Computer (cont·d) 7. Decide if you want additional functionality. . then consider e-mail and Web access from your handheld computer. personal computers. Is synchronization of data with other handheld computers. 8. If you travel often.
Install bookshelves. Set up your computer in a well-designed work area. Read the installation manuals before you start to install your equipment. 5. 3. 4. with adequate workspace around the computer.How to Install a Personal Computer 1. 2. . Do some research. Have a telephone outlet and telephone or cable connection near your workplace so you can connect your modem and/or place calls while using your computer.
Record the serial number of all your equipment and software.How to Install a Personal Computer (cont·d) 6. 9. be aware of health issues. Computer tool sets include any screwdrivers and other tools you might need to work on your computer. 8. Save all the paperwork that comes with your computer. 7. Obtain a computer tool set. . While working at your computer.
Keep your computer area clean. Keep the shipping containers and packing materials for all you equipment. Install your computer in an area where you can maintain the temperature and humidity. 11. . 13. 12. Complete and send in your equipment and software registration cards. 14.How to Install a Personal Computer (cont·d) 10. Identify device connectors. 15. Check your home or renter¶s insurance policy.
3. . Before you work inside your computer. Learn to use diagnostic tools. Keep your computer tuned. 5. 2. PC Owner¶s Back up important files and data. Notebook Outline Protect your computer from viruses. 7. 4. 6. turn off the power and disconnect the equipment from the power source.How to Maintain a Personal Computer 1. Start a notebook that includes information on your computer. Keep the area surrounding your computer dirt and dust free.
cfm. start your browser. . Hint: Click on the Learn It Online link on the left of the web page to get back to the above link.Learn It Online To complete these exercises. follow the instructions to the exercises. When the Introduction to Computers Web page displays. and then enter http://scsite.com/ic4/learn. click the Address box.
. (See example setup on next slide). Multiple Choice.1. and Short Answer Record your answers in a Word document named Project Reinforcement 1. Project Reinforcement True/False. Save this document in a sub-folder in your BCA folder of your U drive named Learn It Online. Print off a copy and hand it in to your instructor.
. Short Answer 1.Setup Example Essential Introduction to Computers Name __________________________ Date _____________ Multiple Choice 1. D True/False 1.
click Print on the File menu to print a hard copy. enter your first and last name at the bottom of the page. Answer each question. Practice Test Click Practice Test.2. Continue to take practice tests until your score is 80% or better. and then click the Grade Test button. When the graded practice test displays on your screen. Hand a printout of the final practice test to your instructor. .
Submit your score to your instructor. . enter your first and last name at the bottom of the page. Who Wants to Be a Computer Genius? Click Computer Genius. and then click the PLAY button.3. Read the instructions.
and then enter your first and last name. click the Print button. Crossword Puzzle Challenge Click Crossword Puzzle Challenge. Click the PLAY button. When the crossword puzzle re-displays. . Hand in the printout to your instructor. Work the crossword puzzle. Read the instructions. When you are finished. click the Submit button.4.
Hand in your report and printouts (stapled together) to your instructor. .5. Visit four other Web sites listed in the Web Guide and print the main page of each. When you are finished. Click the Computers and Computing link. and then use Word to prepare a brief report on your tour. Using the Web Guide Click Web Guide. close the window. and then take a tour of the Virtual Museum of Computing.
use this page to write down your answers as you search the web. . Print a copy of the Scavenger Hunt page.6. Scavenger Hunt Click Scavenger Hunt. Hand in the completed page to your instructor.
7. . Search Sleuth Click Search Sleuth to learn search techniques that will help make you a research expert. Hand in your completed assignment to your instructor.
Proceed to Microsoft Windows XP and Office XP Projects .