Motherboard (Main board

)
Salahaldin Ìnternational School
< %he physical parts of a computer are called
hardware. We divide the different types of
hardware into four groups: the system unit, input
devices, output devices, and storage devices
Ìnput Ìnput
devices devices
Ìnput Ìnput
devices devices
System System
Unit Unit
System System
Unit Unit
Output Output
devices devices
Output Output
devices devices
Storage Storage
devices devices
Storage Storage
devices devices
< %he system unit contains the main components of
the computer, such as the motherboard, CPU,
RAM, video card, hard disk, disk drives, and the
power supply
< %he chassis is the metal and plastic box that contains the
system unit. Most people don't think that the chassis is an
important part of the computer. However, it is not just the shell
of your computer, it supports all the internal parts. Ìt also
protects your system from the outside world and helps to
keep the system unit components cool.
< %he mainboard (also called the motherboard, or
system board) is the biggest board inside your
system unit. All the main components of your
computer connect to the mainboard.
PCÌ Express x16 Slots
for Graphic Cards
PCÌ Slots
for Sound card, Network card
etc.
PCÌ Express x1 Slots
for New Sound card, Network
card etc.
RAM Slots
CPU Slot
SA%A connector
< 1he 8CMŴ8lCS (8ead Cnlv MemorvŴ8aslc lnpuL CuLpuL
SvsLem) chlp ls a speclal mlcrochlp on vour compuLer's
malnboardŦ lL conLalns sofLware LhaL allows vour compuLer Lo
work wlLh vour operaLlna svsLemŦ
< 8uses are daLa paLhs on Lhe moLherboard LhaL connecL Lhe
CÞu Lo Lhe dlfferenL parLs of Lhe moLher boardţ such as Lhe
chlps and cable connecLlons
< panslon sloLs are sockeLs on Lhe malnboard whlch allow
vou Lo eLend Lhe compuLer's feaLures and capablllLlesŦ
panslon sloLs hold epanslon cards (such as a vldeo cardţ
sound cardţ or neLwork card)
< PS/2 keyboard and mouse ports are used to connect a
keyboard and mouse to the mainboard
< uS8 porLs are locaLed aL Lhe back of Lhe svsLem unlLŦ 1hev
allow vou Lo plua ln devlces deslaned for Lhe uS8 such as
scannersţ dlalLal camerasţ and prlnLers.
< 1he bus arblLraLor (chlpseL) ls an lnLearaLed clrculL on Lhe
moLherboardŦ lL conLrols how Lhe malnboard buses are usedŦ
lf Lwo dlfferenL devlces Lrv Lo use Lhe same bus aL Lhe same
Llmeţ Lhere can be a problemŦ 1he bus arblLraLor prevenLs Lhls
problemŦ

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