DENTAL MORPHOLOGICAL TERMS

Dental Anatomy & Occlusion Dent 202

Introduction
‡ Human dentition is diphyodont
² Primary (deciduous/ predecessor) dentition
‡ Formula: I 2/2 C 1/1 M 2/2 ‡ Eruption: 6 months - 28±4 months 28± ‡ Shedding: 6 to12 years

² Secondary (permanent/successor) dentition
‡ Formula: I 2/2 C 1/1 P 2/2 M 3/3 ‡ Eruption: 6 to (18-25) years (18-

Stages of human dentition
‡ Edentulous stage: 0 - 6 months ‡ Eruption of primary dentition: 6 months-2.5 monthsyears ‡ Functioning primary dentition: 2.5 ² 6 years ‡ Mixed dentition: 6 ² 12 years ‡ Permanent dentition: 12+ years ‡ Full permanent dentition: (18-25)+ years (18-

Dental terms
‡ Dental arch: maxillary and mandibular ‡ Tooth class
² ² ² ² ² ² ² ² Incisor: incisal edge Canine: one pointed cusp Premolar (bicuspid): 2 cusps Molar: 3 or more flattened cusps Set traits Arch traits Class traits Type traits

‡ Identification traits

Terms related to anterior teeth
² ² ² ² ² ² ² ² ² ² ² ² ² ² ² ² Anterior teeth Surfaces Line angle Point angle Incisal edge Cusp Cingulum Fossa Ridge and marginal ridge Cervical line Lobe Mamelon Lingual pit Developmental groove Division into thirds Contact point

Terms related to posterior teeth
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Cusp ridge Triangular ridge Transverse ridge Oblique ridge Pit Developmental groove Supplemental groove Triangular fossa Central fossa

Division into thirds

Division into thirds

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