Labour Welfare & Safety

Ms. Dulari S.S

trade-unions & non-govt agencies y Are both Statutory & voluntary . benefits. safety. & general wellbeing & industrial efficiency (to enrich the life of employees) y Provided by employer. & facilities offered to employees by the employer in addition to normal wages & other rewards as per the legal provisions y It is for improving the health.Labour Welfare y Includes various services. Govt.

employer relations y Prevents social events like drinking. social & cultural conditions of work . gambling by improving the material.Benefits of labour welfare y Enables workers to have a richer & more satisfying life y Raises the standard of living of the workers y It improves the physical & psychological health of employees which in turn will enhance efficiency & productivity y Absorbs the shocks injected by industrialisation & urbanisation on workers y Promotes a sense of belonging among workers thereby improving the employee.

Types of welfare facilities Intramural y Drinking water y Toilets y Canteen y Recreation facilities y Medical aid y Uniforms y Shift allowance Extramural y Education facilities y Maternity benefits y Transportation y Leave travel y Family planning y Child welfare y Housing .

1948 y Washing facilities provided to workers y Facilities for storing & drying clothes y Facilities for occasional rest for workers who work by standing y First aid boxes one for every 150 workers & ambulance facility if workers are more than 500 y Canteens where there are 250 workers y Shelters. rest rooms & lunch rooms where 150 workers are employed y Welfare officer if 500 or more workers are employed .Statutory Provisions on labour welfare y The Factories Act.

Labour Welfare Officer y To eliminate the malpractices of the recruitment of labour y Improve labour administration in factories y Serve as liaison with the State Labour Commissioner y A welfare officer need to be a advisor. supervisory. mediation . service ²oriented.

fire hazards y There are 2 basic causes of workplace accidents y Unsafe conditions: improperly guarded equipment. operating machines at unsafe speeds.Employee Safety y Is to prevent work ² related injuries & accidents like slipping & falling hazards. congestion & over loading. equipment hazards. hazards from falling objects. improper illumination y Unsafe acts: throwing materials. defective equipment. using unsafe equipment . obstruction & collision hazards.

Safety committee: promote safety consciousness among employees.Effective Safety management Safety policy: every factory must formulate & implement a safety policy to eliminate or reduce accidents 2. Top management support: safety matters to be given top priority by top mgmt. committees constituted under chairmanship of a safety officer 4. Safety contests followed by incentives 1. Safety discipline motivation: safety rules strictly enforced. Violations not tolerated. . safety officer & safety training 3.

Evaluation of safety effort: Safety audit at intervals.5. . Injured employee or his supervisor to be interviewed. displays. proper maintenance of machines 6. Photos. Training in safe practices. Accident investigation: to find out the actual reason at the earliest possible. An accident investigation report to be prepared with recommendations 8. Governmental support: established national Safety Council in 1966. first aid. Safety training & communications: reduce accidents for new recruits. Posters. This analysis measure progress in safety management 9. Promotes safety consciousness at plant level & conduct safety programmes. slogans. newsletter. adequate space. procedures. material handling. safety films promote safety consciousness 7. Safety engineering: procedures to be followed for fencing of machinery. use of material handling equipment. National Safety Awards to industrial units for ensuring accident ² free environments. safety devices. videos can be of help. fire prevention etc.

1948 ( Sec24 to 40)puts emphasis on: y Fencing of machinery-dangerous part of any machine to be properly fenced y Work on or near machinery in motion: for examining & lubricating machines while in motion.Legal provisions regarding Safety y The Factories Act. Women & young children are prohibited to handle dangerous machines y Employment of young persons: on dangerous machines unless fully instructed about dangers & precautions. Sufficient training under the guidance of experienced supervisor y Striking gear & devices for cutting off power: striking gear to be used to move driving belts. . specially trained workers wearing tight clothes & proper precautions.

must be encased or effectively guarded Employment of women. maximum load to be indicated) Lifting machines. sound material & strong enough to carry necessary loads . if a person is liable to pass by Casing of new machinery: All machinery driven by power & installed after 1-4-1949. ( feed end is separated form the delivery end by partition) Hoists & lifts: to be of a good mechanical construction.y Self acting machines: No traversing part of a self acting machine & y y y y no material carried thereon shall be allowed to run on its outward & inward traverse within a distance of 18 inches from any fixed structure which is not a part of the machine. adequate strength. & properly fitted with gates(examined once in 6 months. chains. children near cotton openers: to press cotton when a cotton opener is working. ropes: used to be of good construction.

sumps. handrails to be provided wherever needed Pits. y y y y y notice showing working speed of machine fixed near it & should not exceed it Pressure plant: operations above atmospheric pressure measures to see that safe working pressure not exceeded Floors.y Revolving machinery: wherever grinding jobs performed. free from obstructions. Stairs & means of access: all passages be of sound construction & maintained in good repair. lift or move any load causing possible injury Protection of eyes: effective screens or suitable goggles to be given while scrutinising manufacturing process involving risk of injury to eyes . openings in floors: which is a source of danger to be properly covered or securely fenced Excessive weights: not to employ to carry.

tank or vat in which any gas. preventive steps to be taken to. prevent accumulation of dust. gas or fume likely to explode on ignition. fume. audible warning signals. enclose all possible source of ignition y Precautions in case of fire: safe escape routes. equipments for extinguishing fire. exit routes to be marked. safety inspector . belts & ropes must be kept ready.enclose plant used in the process. suitable breathing apparatus. fume or dust is likely to be present to a dangerous extent. if any dust. In case of emergency. gas. workers adequately trained.y Dangerous fumes & gases: no person allowed to enter any chamber. tank y Explosive or inflammable gas or dust: In manufacturing process. Sufficient persons to be trained in the use of all apparatus y Precautions with regard to portable electrical light: or any other electric appliance of voltage exceeding 25 volts shall be permitted for use inside any chamber.

y Safety officer: shall be appointed employing 1000 or more workers.y Safety of building & machinery: inspector may prohibit the use of building or machine till repairs are completed. publicity . organise safety education. investigate causes of injuries & circumstances leading to accidents. He should formulate a safety policy.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful