y In 3D computer graphics, 3D modeling (also known

as meshing) is the process of developing a mathematical representation of any threedimensional surface of object.

y Rendering is the process of generating an image from

a model (or models in what collectively could be called a scene file), by means of computer programs.

y A stencil buffer is an extra buffer, in addition to the color buffer (pixel buffer) y y y y y

and depth buffer (z-buffering) found on modern computer graphics hardware. A stencil buffer contains per-pixel integer data which is used to add more control over which pixels are rendered. A stencil buffer can also be used in combination with a depth buffer to do more complex rendering such as simple shadows or outlines. A stencil buffer operates similarly to a depth buffer. So similarly, that stencil data is stored in a depth buffer. While depth data determines which pixel is closest to the camera, stencil data can be used as a more general purpose per-pixel mask for saving or discarding pixels.

y Pixel buffer store pixel data into the buffer. y In computer graphics, z-buffering is the management of image depth

coordinates in three-dimensional (3-D) graphics

TV Tuner:
y A TV tuner card is a computer component that allows television y y y y

signals to be received by a computer. Most TV tuners also function as video capture cards, allowing them to record television programs onto a hard disk. Video capture cards are a class of video capture devices designed to plug directly into expansion slots in personal computers and servers. Video capture is the process of converting an analog video signal to digital form. The resulting digital data are referred to as a digital video stream, or more often, simply video stream. This is in contrast with screencasting, in which previously digitized video is captured while displayed on a digital monitor. A screencast is a digital recording of computer screen output, also known as a video screen capture

TV tuner card

y The interfaces for TV tuner cards are most commonly

either PCI bus expansion card or the newer PCI Express (PCIe) bus for many modern cards. y The card contains a tuner and an analog-to-digital converter (collectively known as the analog front end) along with demodulation and interface logic. y TV tuners have flash memory. y Flash memory is a non-volatile computer storage chip that can be electrically erased and reprogrammed. It is primarily used in memory cards, USB flash drives, MP3 players.

External TV tuner card



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