Next Generation Networks (NGN

)
(Introduction and Overview of NGN)

1

According to ITU-T NGN is defined as

Next Generation Networks NGN
(Introduction and Overview of NGN)

ï Background Of Telecommunication Network ? ï Limitations of Conventional Network ï What is Next Generation Network (NGN) ? ï Comparison of TDM Switches in Legacy Network and Soft switches in NGN ï Migration to NGN

Background Of Telecommunication Network ? .

ï High Data Traffic Handling in Legacy Telecommunication Network ..Building Blocks of Legacy Telecommunication Network ï Three layered Telecommunication Network Model ï Building Blocks of Legacy Telecommunication Network         Access Networks Switching Networks Transmission Networks Signaling Networks Services Network (Intelligent Network I Platform) Management Networks Limited Data traffic Handling Network A few more«.

Access Layer 2. Switching and Services Layer (Core Layer) 3.Three layered Telecommunication Network Model 1. Transmission Layer .

Three layered Telecommunication Network Model 1 Access Layer ‡ ‡ Represents the networks which link the customers to the Switching and Services Layer (Access Switch / Local switch) Also called ´Subscriber Loopµ 2 Switching and Services Layer (Core Layer) ‡ ‡ Consists of all the Switching Nodes / Switches Centers Local . 3 Transmission Layer ‡ ‡ ‡ Represents the links among the switching Nodes and provides the medium and systems to carry the information from one node to the other. Tandem .Transit . Also called Junctions or Trunks Multiplexing Techniques are used . International Gateway Switches etc.

Building Blocks of Legacy Telecommunication Network ï Three layered Telecommunication Network Model ï Building Blocks of Legacy Telecommunication Network         Access Networks Switching Networks Transmission Networks Signaling Networks Services Network (Intelligent Network IN Platform) Management Networks Limited Data traffic Handling Network A few more«. ï High Data Traffic Handling in Legacy Telecommunication Network ..

Building Blocks of Legacy Telecommunication Network _Access Networks ï The speech circuit for a telephone call between two subscribers uses three networks  Access Network of Party A  The Switching network via a number of nodes (Local exchange. Transit Exchange . International Gateway Exchange)  Access Network of Party B .

Building Blocks of Legacy Telecommunication Network _ Switching Networks ï The Switching Network is organized in to a number of hierarchal levels e.g  Class 4 Transit Layer (Transit Exchange)  Class 5 (Local Exchange subscriber directly connected ) .

Building Blocks of Legacy Telecommunication Network_ Access Networks and Switching Networks .

and other technologies ‡ in which it is necessary to deal rapidly with large amounts of information.Building Blocks of Legacy Telecommunication Network _ Switching Networks ï Need for switching  Switching is an essential component ‡ Of Telephone. Data-processing.  Switching may be ‡ Circuit Switching ‡ Packet Switching .

Building Blocks of Legacy Telecommunication Network _ Switching Networks ï Need for switching  Switching Equipment and techniques ‡ Connects the calling party with the called party ‡ Enables any station in a communications system to be connected with any other station. ‡ The controlling or routing of signals in circuits to transmit data between specific points in a network . ‡ Involves the use of one or more switches.

of persons 2 3 10 100 1000 ï In general. of lines 1 3 45 4950 0. for n persons No.Building Blocks of Legacy Telecommunication Network _ Switching Networks ï Imagine point to point lines between persons No. of lines = n(n-1) /2 No.5 million Need for Switching .

Building Blocks of Legacy Telecommunication Network _ Switching Networks .

´Switching Fabricsµ allow these calls to be established and removed Need for Switching . the switch creates a temporary link between these lines.Building Blocks of Legacy Telecommunication Network _ Switching Networks Amir Mubashir Asif Switch Zia Umar ï ï ï Abid Khalid Lines or wires from everybody's house go into the switch When a call is placed.

Building Blocks of Legacy Telecommunication Network _ Switching Networks ï Switching Technologies 1. Circuit Switching 2. Packet Switching .

Building Blocks of Legacy Telecommunication Network _ Switching Networks

ï Circuit Switching 
Need a connection establishment between nodes.  Connection is maintained until one of end nodes terminates.  Connection is dedicated to the communication between two nodes.  Reduces the number and the total length of the links  Example : Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN)

Building Blocks of Legacy Telecommunication Network _ Switching Networks

ï Circuit Switching 
Circuit Switch
‡ A device with n inputs and m outputs ‡ Creates a temporary connection between an input link and an output link

Building Blocks of Telecommunication Network Access Networks and Switched Networks

ï Circuit Switching
‡ Three phases of Circuit-Switched Connection  Circuit establishment  Data transfer 
Circuit disconnect.

ï Data transfer  Once the circuit has been "nailed up".Building Blocks of Legacy Telecommunication Network _ Switching Networks ï Circuit establishment  A dedicated circuit must be connected. . the circuit is released for the next transmission. transmission can begin. ï Circuit disconnect  When the transmission is complete.

Building Blocks of Legacy Telecommunication Network _ Switching Networks PSTN/ Conventional Network .

Building Blocks of Legacy Telecommunication Network _ Switching Networks end office subscriber loop Long-distance office Inter-city trunk subscriber loop (local loop) link between subscriber and network connecting trunk (exchanges) switching center Inter-city trunk (trunks) connecting trunk branches between exchanges. carry multiple voice circuits Circuit Switching .

.  Examples : Public switched Data Network (PSDN) like X.  Node-to-node link can be dynamically shared by many packets.Building Blocks of Telecommunication Network Access Networks and Switched Networks ï Packet Switching  Data are transmitted in short messages called packets.25.  Connection between the two end-nodes is not maintained. Frame Relay.

PSDN= Public Switched Data Network LAN LAN PSDN LAN Packet Switching .Building Blocks of Legacy Telecommunication Network _ Switching Networks     Telephone companies normally provide a public data service. Communication is shared between many companies. The cost of this service is normally lower than a leased line. PSDN is designed specifically for the transmission of data rather than voice.

Building Blocks of Legacy Telecommunication Network _ Switching Networks Keys Data Circuit switching Dedicated single route Packet switching Different routes Connection Resources Utilization Data rate Prioritization Dedicated Poor Fixed No support Shared Good Vary Support Path / Node status Before sending data establishes a path No reordering . or dropped Circuit versus Packet Switching . no packet drops Send data immediately Others Packets may be reordered. constant delay. delayed.

Building Blocks of Legacy Telecommunication Network _ Switching Networks Circuit versus Packet Switching .

Building Blocks of Legacy Telecommunication Network _ Transmission Networks ï Transmission Network interconnects the Switching Networks ï Techniques used are  PDH (Plesiochronous Digital hierarchy)  SDH (Synchronous Digital hierarchy )  SONET (Synchronous Optical Network) ‡ USA equivalent to SDH .

Building Blocks of Telecommunication Network _Transmission Networks .

Building Blocks of Legacy Telecommunication Network _ Signaling Networks ï Signalling Network consists of  Signalling Transfer Points (STPs) ‡ Act like Routers  Switching Points (SPs)/ Service switching Points (SSPs) ‡ Termination Points ‡ Located in Exchanges ‡ Provides Signalling Interfaces .

Building Blocks of Telecommunication Network _Signalling Networks .

Building Blocks of Legacy Telecommunication Network _ Services Network (Intelligent Network IN Platform) ï Service Control Point (SCP)  Services Platform  Based on Concept of Centralizing Service Logic and data in a node  SCP linked in network Via SS7 Network ï Special Resource Point (SRP) ï Provides all the required announcement and IVR (Interactive Voice Response ) capabilities needed to support voice services .

Building Blocks of Legacy Telecommunication Network _ Services Network (Intelligent Network IN Platform) .

ï Management Network enables the operator to     Configure the network Handle charging Handle services Rectify the faults and failures of networks  In Short FCAPS .Building Blocks of Legacy Telecommunication Network _ Management Network ï Management Network Operates      Access Network Transmission Network Switching Network Signalling Network Services Network etc.

may receive alarms and alerts from multiple Element Management Systems (EMSs) EMS manages one or more specific intelligent network elements (NEs) N Es are devices of the same type and generally of the same manufacturer 35 .Building Blocks of Legacy Telecommunication Network _ Management Network Security Management Configuration Management Fault Management Performance Management Account Management ‡ ‡ ‡ Management Network . also known as a ´Manager of Managers (MOM)µ.

Building Blocks of Legacy Telecommunication Network _ Management Network Subset of the FCAPS functionality Fault Configuration Accounting Performance Security Management Management Management Management Management Alarm Handling System turn-up Track service Usage Bill for services Data Collection Control NE Access Enable NE Functions Access Logs Trouble Detection Network Provisioning Auto discovery Report generation Data Analysis Trouble Correction Test and Acceptance Network Recovery Back up and Restore Database Handling 36 .

Building Blocks of Legacy Telecommunication Network _ Management Network .

. ï High Data Traffic Handling in Legacy Telecommunication Network .Building Blocks of Legacy Telecommunication Network ï Three layered Telecommunication Network Model ï Building Blocks of Legacy Telecommunication Network         Access Networks Switching Networks Transmission Networks Signaling Networks Services Network (Intelligent Network IN Platform) Management Networks Limited Data traffic Handling Network A few more«.

Building Blocks of Legacy Telecommunication Network _ Limited Data traffic Handling Network ï Conventional Network initially designed for telephony traffic only ï Required to support data traffic ï Bottlenecks  Limited data rates  Congestion of Network .

Building Blocks of Legacy Telecommunication Network _ Limited Data traffic Handling Network .

. ï High Data Traffic Handling in Legacy Telecommunication Network .Building Blocks of Legacy Telecommunication Network ï Three layered Telecommunication Network Model ï Building Blocks of Legacy Telecommunication Network         Access Networks Switching Networks Transmission Networks Signaling Networks Services Network (Intelligent Network IN Platform) Management Networks Limited Data traffic Handling Network A few more«.

High Data Traffic Handling in Legacy Telecommunication Network ï Internet Calls can be offloaded  Off load involves routing PSTN to an IP Network internet calls from ï Asymmetric Digital subscriber Line (ADSL) ï Equipment added  Digital Subscriber Line Multiplexer (DSLAM)  Broadband Remote Access Server (BRAS)or BAS (Broadband Access Server ‡ Routes internet calls to internet network .

High Data Traffic Handling in Legacy Telecommunication Network .

Next Generation Networks NGN (Introduction and Overview of NGN) ï Background Of Telecommunication Network ? ï Limitations of Conventional Network ï What is an Next Generation Network NGN ? ï Comparison of TDM Switches in Legacy Network and Soft switches in (NGN) ï Migration to NGN .

Limitations of Conventional Network .

Legacy Switch is designed for Speech . Networks are going to be complex and need to be consolidated And« ï I want to protect existing SDH transmission investment ï I want to keep current access layer architecture What shall I do? 46 . Data Traffic is increasing day by day.Limitations of Conventional Network ï Switches are aged .

NGN is Ready Now ï NGN will fully replace the TDM network owing :  technical advances  cost savings  long term revenue generation ï The market and technology is mature for the large scale deployment of NGN ï Many operators are taking positive actions 47 .

NGN is Ready Now Competitive NGN equipment price Standardization of NGN protocols More and more commercial NGN applications worldwide Maturity and Openness of NGN services Settlement of QoS/Security problems More successful interoperability test 48 .

Next Generation Networks NGN (Introduction and Overview of NGN) ï Background Of Telecommunication Network ? ï Limitations of Conventional Network ï What is an Next Generation Network NGN ? ï Comparison of TDM Switches in Network and Soft switches in (NGN) ï Migration to NGN Legacy .

What is Next Generation Network NGN ? .

What is NGN ? .

What is NGN ? .

and provides voice. data. Integrated and Distributed network that employs soft switch at the control layer .What is NGN ? ï NGN is based on standard protocols and packet switching network ï In broad sense ï NGN refers to integrated network that adopts new technologies extensively. focuses on IP. ï In narrow sense ï NGN refers to the Open . and multimedia service at the same time.

Next Generation Networks NGN (Introduction and Overview of NGN) ï Background Of Telecommunication Network ? ï Limitations of Conventional Network ï What is Next Generation Network NGN ? ï Comparison of TDM Switches in Legacy Network and Soft switches in (NGN) ï Migration to NGN .

Comparison of TDM Switches in Legacy Network and Soft switches in Next Generation Network 55 .

Comparison of Circuit switching in TDM Switch Model and Packet switching in NGN Model TDM Switch Model Intelligent Network NGN Model Management system Management system Expanded services SS7 Billing system Billing system Signaling Gateway Call control Standard Soft switch protocol S u b s c r i b e r s Other Standard protocol TDM switch TDM Switches Access Card Trunk Card S u b s c r i b e r s IP IP Packet TMG AMG TMG T D M AMG Access Media Gateways Trunk Media Gateways .

Comparison of Circuit switching in TDM Switch Model and Packet switching in NGN Model ï TDM Switch Model ï Everything in One Box ï Difficult to maintain and expand ï No open architecture ï NGN Model ï ï ï ï Call control/hardware ports separated Open architecture Easy to add new services Modular Design 57 .

Comparison of Circuit switching in TDM Switch Model and Packet switching in NGN Model Intelligent Network (SCP) SoftSwitch CPU Expanded Services Switching Array IP Core Signaling Module Signaling Gateway Trunk Module User Access Module Trunk Media Gateways Access Media Gateway .

Next Generation Networks NGN (Introduction and Overview of NGN) ï Background Of Telecommunication Network ? ï Limitations of Conventional Network ï What is Next Generation Network NGN ? ï Comparison of TDM Switches in Legacy Network and Soft switches in NGN ï Migration to NGN .

Migration to Next Generation Network (NGN) 60 .

Data & Video service in one platform Revenue CAPEX CAPEX (Capital Expenditure) OPEX OPEX (Operation Expenditure) Today Carriers· Concerns 61 .Migration to NGN Cost Reduction Revenue Increasing Smooth Migration Replaces aged equipment Simplifies network reduces O&M cost Convergent services of voice. data & video New value-added services such as CRBT/UM/UPT etc Fast & cost-effective services provisioning to market Step by step migration Smooth integration Investment protected Voice.

Migration to NGN ï Phase-I Of Migration  Replacement of International Gateway and Transit Exchanges (Class 4) by Trunk Media Gateways of NGN  Trunk Media Gateways are Controlled by Soft switch  The Conventional Network and NGN interconnected at two levels ‡ Media plane by Trunk Media Gateway (TMG) ‡ Signalling plane via Signaling Gateway (SG) .

Migration to NGN Expanded Services / Application Server SS7 SS7 Link PSTN E1 Soft switch PSTN E1 TMG SS7 SS7 Link SG City B City A SG TMG IP/ATM Network TMG SG City C SG E1 TMG SS7 Link E1 City D SS7 Link SS7 PSTN PSTN SS7 CLASS 4 ( In Transit Layer ) 63 .

PC to PC voice calls over the Internet Gateways allow PCs to also reach phones PSTN Gateway for Media & Signaling TMG Multimedia PC Gateway for Media & Signaling IP Network TMG Multimedia PC «or phones to reach phones PSTN .Migration to NGN Public Switched Telephone Network Initially.

Migration to NGN IP Telephony Model SS7 SG Soft switch SG SS7 PSTN Node PSTN Node PSTN Trunks MG Standard Protocol MG PSTN Trunks IP Network .

Migration to NGN Migration to NGN:Class-4 .

Migration to NGN ï Phase-II Of Migration  Replacement of all Exchanges including Local exchanges by Access Gateways  Access Gateways are controlled by Soft switches .

Migration to NGN Migration to NGN:Class-5 .

Migration to NGN SS7 SS7 Link PSTN E1 TMG Soft switch Soft switch PSTN E1 TMG City A SG SS7 SS7 Link City B SG CLASS 4 Packet Network AMG Switch IAD IAD AMG CLASS 4 PC-Phone Video Phone IP Phone Large Enterprise SOHO Community 69 CLASS 5 .

Any comments or questions? Thank you ! 70 .

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