United Nations

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nations was founded in 1945 after the Second World War by 51 countries in an attempt to sustain peace and security. ‡It now consist of 192 Member States ‡It looks to assist in the development of democratic institutions as well as the establishment.

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Keep peace throughout the world. Develop Friendly Relations among nations Help nations work together to improve the lives of poor people, to conquer hunger, disease and illiteracy, and to encourage respect for each other·s right and freedoms. To be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations to achieve these goals.

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Currently has six peacekeeping operations going on.
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Two in the Sudan One in the Ivory Coast One in Liberia One in the Congo One in the Western Sahara

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Recently as of March 2011, they have increased their efforts to protect citizens in the Ivory Coast from tension over the election scandal. One of the most regrettable moments in UN history with Africa was how they handled the Rwandan Genocide.

NATO
off of the North Atlantic Treaty which was signed in 1949 ‡Was signed by countries such as the United States, Canada, Portugal, Italy, France and the United Kingdom. ‡Created an alliance of countries that would help each other in times of danger. ‡Total member is 28 nations.
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Two main Efforts currently.
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Providing training and help to the African Union as they work on building an African Stabilization Force. ƒ They also looked to help Somalia and Darfur at different point with support to end violence and give air support.

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France·s military intervened in Africa nineteen times between 1962 and 1995 to protect French nationals. Their actions during the Rwandan genocide debatable. Some say that they saved thousands of lives and helped to stabilize the region while others say they only looked out for French nationals and important Rwandan nationals.

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Recently the French has had up to 3,000 troops in the Ivory Coast to defend the buffer zone between the Northern and Southern regions. Most of France·s interest in Africa comes from it being a supplier of oil and metals. It also comes from it being a neighboring continent so conflict there will always affect the French and the rest of Europe in some way.

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Much of the US·s history in Africa has dealt mainly with humanitarian aid. During the Rwandan genocide the United States refused to truly fight for Rwandan peace. They mostly were there to evacuate U.S. citizens, as has been the case for most of their involvement in Africa. The lack of helped stemmed from the U.S. refusing to call the violence in Rwanda a genocide.