Biomedical Engineerng

Introduction And Applications
By:

Ehsan Tahami
Faculty member of biomedical engineering Dpt., Islamic Azad University –Mashhad Branch. tahami@mshdiau.ac.ir

Contents
Introduction to Biomedical Engineering  Biomedical Engineering in Iran  - Research fields  - Application fields  Some Suggestions for Biomedical Engineer students

Introduction: Biomedical Engineering

Biomedical engineering is the application of engineering principles and techniques to the medical field. This field seeks to close the gap between engineering and medicine: It combines the design and problem solving skills of engineering with medical and biological sciences to improve healthcare diagnosis, monitoring and therapy.

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and Genetic Engineering Clinical Engineering Orthopedic Bioengineering Rehabilitation engineering Bionanotechnology Neural Engineering Sports Engineering 4 . Tissue.Fields of Biomedical Engineering              Biomechatronic Bioinstrumentation Bioelectric Biomaterials Biomechanics Bionics Cellular.

creates knowledge for molecular to organ systems levels. medicine. and treatment of disease in order to rehabilitate patients and improve health. and develops innovative devices or processes for the prevention. or health. behavior. Bioelectronics advances our fundamental concepts. diagnosis.  .Bioelectric   Bioelectric is the application of electrical engineering principles to biology.

tissue engineering and materials science. The development of biomaterials.   . biology. is about fifty years old. surface. Biomaterials science encompasses elements of medicine. chemistry. or construct that interacts with biological systems. The study of biomaterials is called biomaterials science.Biomaterial   A biomaterial is any matter. as a science.

and cells. such as humans. animals.Biomechanic   Biomechanics is the application of mechanical principles to biological systems. . plants. organs.

administrators. physicians. etc. and serving as technological consultants for other hospital staff (i..). .T. Roles of clinical engineers include training and supervising biomedical equipment technicians (BMETs).e. working with governmental regulators on hospital inspections/audits.Clinical Engineering   Clinical engineering is a specialty within Biomedical engineering responsible primarily for applying and implementing medical technology to optimize healthcare delivery. I.

communications. apply. and activities associated with employment.Rehabilitation engineering   Rehabilitation engineering is the systematic application of engineering sciences to design. Functional areas addressed through rehabilitation engineering may include mobility. and distribute technological solutions to problems confronted by individuals with disabilities. independent living. test. evaluate. develop. vision. and integration into the community . and cognition. adapt. education. hearing.

The equipment used by athletes has always gone through technological design and development based on current knowledge and understanding.Sports engineering   Sports engineering is a field of engineering that involves the design. . development and testing of sports equipment.

cartilage. but having grown in scope and importance it can be considered as a field in its own right. skin etc. bone. in practice the term is closely associated with applications that repair or replace portions of or whole tissues (i.Tissue engineering   Tissue engineering was once categorized as a sub-field of bio materials.). bladder.e.   . While most definitions of tissue engineering cover a broad range of applications. engineering and materials methods. blood vessels. It is the use of a combination of cells. and suitable biochemical and physiochemical factors to improve or replace biological functions..

Biomedical Engineering (Bioelectric) in Iran   .Application fields   .Research fields .

Research fields Medical Signal Processing Biomedical Controlling Biomedical modeling Bioe le ctric  Me dic a l T im e S er i es  Pr ed ict i on Me sin ces ro ge P a l Im dica g .

such as a photograph or video frame. . a set of characteristics or parameters related to the image. the output of image processing may be either an image or.Medical Image Processing  Image processing is any form of signal processing for which the input is an image.

Medical Signal Processing  Signal processing is an area of electrical engineering and applied mathematics that deals with operations on or analysis of signals. Electroencephalogram (EEG) Electrocardiogram (ECG) Electromyogram (EMG) Electroretionogram (ERG)      . in either discrete or continuous time. to perform useful operations on those signals.

Electroencephalogram (EEG) .

Example1: Brain Computer Interface 17 .

Example2: Epileptic Seizure Prediction 18 Start of prediction Occurrence of Epileptic seizure .

Electrocardiogram (ECG)    19 .

Example: Cardiac Arrhythmia Prediction Start of prediction Occurrence of Cardiac Arrhythmia .

Electroretinogram (ERG) .

Electromyogram (EMG) .

Example: Wearable Exoskeleton Robots .

pain. such as the pathology.Biomedical modeling  The biomedical model of medicine has been around since the mid-nineteenth century as the predominant model used by physicians in diagnosing diseases. does not take into account the role of social factors or individual subjectivity. health constitutes the freedom from disease. or defect. the biochemistry and the physiology of a disease. The model's focus on the physical processes.    . thus making the normal human condition "healthy". According to the biomedical model.

Example1: Bergman model for Designation of Insulin pumps .

Example2: Modeling of Gastric Myo electrical Activity  Membrane potential differential equation to describe human gastric electrical activity of single cell:  26 .

Example3: Model of cardiac tissue 27 .

Application fields Telemedicine io at z ili n eu N  fe ro e St r ck ba ed Calibration Designation Bioe le ctric  M ain t en an ce s on C g tin ul .

mbme. Interuniversity Associations.Some Suggestions for Biomedical Engineer students   Student Activities in the scientific associations. Cooperation via Scientific      Cooperation of Biomedical engineering students with the general site of biomedical engineering students of mashhad ( http://www. Finding the Hospitals and clinics problems.ir ) Cooperation of Biomedical engineering students with the Bio ( first journal of biomedical engineering of mashhad).   .

    Thank you .