KPI evaluation 3G WCDMA

Krishna K Jayachandran

Source: Huawei

All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008

KPI Structure

All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008

CS Call set up diagram Source: T Mobile documentation ( Public) All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .

PS Call set up diagram Source: T Mobile documentation ( Public) All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .

defines type of service Main KPIs CSV Access Failure Rate. RRC ( Radio Resource Control) RAB ( Radio Access Bearer).Accessibility Ability of user to obtain the requested service from the system. RRC Congestion Ratio All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 . HSUPA Access Failure Rate. CSD Access Failure Rate. PS RAB set up success ratio. CS RAB set up success ratio. HSDPA Access Failure Rate. PS Access Failure Rate.

RAB Access Failures are due to both radio and core network reasons.Troubleshooting flow chart Voice Access Failure RRC or RAB? CS Voice RRC Failure Voice RAB Failure CS RRC Setup or RRC Access? Voice RAB Setup or RAB Access? CS RRC Setup Failure CS RRC Access Failure Voice RAB Setup Failure Voice RAB Access Failure RRC&RAB Setup Failure Cause Analysis RRC Failure / Adm Control RRC Failure / License RRC&RAB Failure / TN Blocking RRC Access Failures are mostly due to radio reasons. RAB Failure / DL Pwr RAB Failure / DL Code RAB Failure / Hardwar e Resource All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .

Sample formula All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .

CE capacity increased from 30 to 192.  Admission control: Main causes : power. codes.Failure causes RRC failures causes:  Admission control. RAB failures. Channel elements.  Example of Mumbai circle with wrong test license loaded on 2 cells.  Uplink issues. All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .

Example # 1 ( Accessibility) Alarm: System dynamic traffic exceeding licensed limit All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .

EDT/MDT. checking SW licenses for Channel elements.Remedial action Congestion. All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 . CPICH ( only when absolutely necessary) for power. addition of HW for codes.

All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 . Key issues are missing neighbors. PS R99 call drop ratio. Main KPIs: CSV Drop Rate.Retainability Ability of a user to retain its requested service for the desired duration once connected. HSDPA Call drop ratio. Hw issues and alarms. low quality. CSD Drop Rate. HSUPA call drop ratio. Transport issues.

Voice Drop Drop Cause Missing Neigh Check neighbor cell availability Analyze existing neighbors with 3G-3G cell relation report Analyze cell coverage by RF Planning tool or Drivetest Down tilts or other physical optimizatio n RL Add Failure UL Sych IRAT Drop Iur Drop Other Drop Check BTS HW Alarms Investigatin g the UE TxPwr by using Drivetest Analyze cell coverage by RF Planning tool or Drivetest determine the number of Event 6a or number of Event 2d Check Transmissio n Errors Check Cell Availability Neighbor List cleaning/ deletion GSM coverage area verification for IRAT Reneighbors prioritizatio n the neighbor list based on usage Check Iur drop per Iur link Transport Issue RBS / RNC HW issue RF issues outside of provided counters UE issues All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .

All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .

Sample formula: CS service drop ratio= Number of CS RAB abnormal releases/Total no. All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 . VP Call drop ratio= Number of VP RAB abnormal releases/Total no. of VP RAB releases * 100%. of CS RAB releases * 100%.

53 E Drill down: Due to RF causes ( RL synchronous failure) All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .Example # 2 ( Retainability) Cell W_DL_Delhi_240_10@1 with CSV failure rate of 19% and voice traffic of 0.

Main KPIs: CSV IRAT failure rate. Soft handover. Check 3G/2G neighbor relations. New site turn ups IRAT ( 3G/2G) HO issues. AMR soft handover success ratio.Mobility Monitor different kinds of handovers.defining the right neighbors. All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 . PS soft handover success ratio. Look for issues in the target 2G cell.external cell definition BCCH/BSIC to match with internal cell values. Soft handover success ratio. Missing neighbors.

Sample formula All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .

All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .Example # 3 ( mobility) CSV IRAT Cell ( W_DL_Delhi_351_10@) high IRAT HO failure rate with AMR traffic of 0.25 Erl Drill down: Iu release from core. Need to check for resource issues. Preparation failure.

Trade off between resource consumption and soft handover benefits. of cells with mean RTWP >-98 dbm/ Total No. Main KPIs: SHO overhead. of Cells).Coverage Used for monitoring cell interference status and soft handover gain in a RNC or cluster. RTWP high/ low? Significance?? All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 . UL Interference Cell Ratio SHO overhead -Used to evaluate the consumption of resources due to soft handover. UL Interference cell ratio= (No.

Sample formula All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .

HSUPA throughput. HSDPA throughput. Main KPIs: Average UL Throughput for R99 services.Service Integrity Indicates the service capabilities for PS/HSDPA throughput on busy hour in each cell and for evaluating the UL BLER values for each cell. Average DL Throughput for R99 services. All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .

PS Counter example All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .

All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 . the higher the reported CQI. ‡ CQI is a function of Ec/No.CQI ‡ Channel Quality Index (CQI) is a measure of the quality of DL radio interface measured at the handset ( between 0 and 30) ‡ The Node B uses this information in the evaluation and assignment of the downlink air interface throughput for the handset every 2ms. the higher the achievable throughput. ‡ CQI is not the only factor in the evaluation. however it is the only factor that can be readily improved through optimization.

CQI All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .Chandigarh example.

Worst Cell Ratio Formula: All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 . Main KPIs: Radio Network Unavailability Ratio.Availability Measures the availability of resources.

Example: CS Equivalent Erlang of RNC VS.Traffic Used to evaluate the circulated traffic such as CS Erlangs. PS Traffic. HSUPA traffic volume.CSLoad.Equiv. No.RNC: This KPI provides the equivalent Erlang values of all the services in the CS domain in the RNC All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 . of HSDPA users. HSDPA traffic volume.Erlang. of CS users. No. of PS R99 users. of HSUPA users. Key KPIs: No. No. Mean UE number for various kind of services.

RB.AMR.9+VS.Cell.7+VS.AMR.DL.5.DL.DL.DL.RB.RB. of HSDPA users= VS.5.DL.HSDPA.Max.2+VS.AMR.HSDPA.Cell.DL.DL.AMR.4+VS.4.UE.MeanChThroughput.12.AMR.AMR.2+VS.10.DL.RB.RB.Mean.7. of CS users= (VS.6.AM R.7.Sample formula No.HSDPA.75) No.RB.AMR.15+VS.VS.UE.RB. HSDPA Traffic volume= VS.RB.TotalBytes All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .95+VS.

Daily 3G NQI report All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .

Gsmart Tool Level 2 layout All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .

All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .

All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .

All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .

Thank Q All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .

Related Interests