You are on page 1of 32

Unit 6

Christopher Paez
Confederacy fires on Fort
Sumter, 1861
• April 12, 1861

• Start of The
American Civil War

• Defended for 34
Hours

• Confederacy Won
First battle of Bull Run,
1861
• July 21, 1861

• Confederate Spy
Network Allowed
Southern
Reinforcement

• Another Confederate
Victory
Emancipation
Proclamation, 1862
• January 1, 1862

• Lincoln: Rebel
states return to the
Union by January 1
or freedom will be
granted to slaves

• Blacks can now be


soldiers
Battle of Vicksburg,1863
Union Confederacy
• Bloody War
Strength ~77,000 ~30,000
• Winner of this battleDeaths 4855 32,697 (29,495
will control the surrendered)

Mississippi River
(Transportation)

• Union Win
Battle of Gettysburg, 1863
• July 1-3, 1863

• Battle With The Most


Deaths

• Approx. 51,112 Dead,


Missing, Wounded, or
Captured

• Union Win
NY Draft Riots,1863
• July 13-16

• Resultant from the


Law passed By
Congress to draft
men into the Civil
War

• Pay $300 To
Replace yourself
Gettysburg Address, 1863
• November 19, 1863

• 4.5 months after


The Battle of
Gettysburg

• “a new birth of
freedom”
Wade-Davis Bill is pocket-
vetoed, 1864
• A Reconstruction Plan
For South Party Yes No
• South To Take “Iron Republican 18 4
Clad” Oath

• Vetoed By Lincoln Democrat 0 6


– He believed it would be
too difficult to repair all Unconditional 0 3
of the ties within the
union if the bill was
Unionist
passed Unionist 0 1
Lee surrenders to Grant at
Appomattox Court House,
1865
• April 8th

• End Of Civil War

• Union Prevails
over Confederacy
President Lincoln
assassination, 1865
• Lincoln Killed by
John Wilkes Booth
While Watching a
Comedy Show at
Ford’s Theater

• Andrew Johnson
took office after the
death of Abraham
Lincoln.
Freedman’s Bureau
Established, 1865
• “Carpetbaggers”

• a U.S. Federal
Government Agency
that aided distressed
freedmen

• FB between Armed
Southerners and
Freedmen
Radical Reconstruction
begins, 1867
• Transformation of the South After
Civil War

• Andrew
Johnson and
Abraham
Lincoln
Stitching the
Union Together
Tenure of Office Act, 1867
• Forbade the
President to
remove any federal
officeholder
appointed by and
with the advice and
consent of the
Senate without the
further approval of
the Senate
Andrew Johnson
Impeachment trail, 1868
• Only president to EVER
get Impeached

• Main Reason
For the
Impeachment
Was the violation of
the Tenure of Office
Act of 1867
Election of 1876
• 2nd Corrupt Bargain

• Samuel Tilden(D)
VS
• Rutherford Hayes(R)

Rutherford B. Hayes in the popular vote, and had 184 electoral votes to
Hayes's 165, with 20 votes uncounted. Those 20 votes eventually were
awarded to Hayes, giving him the victory.
Compromise of 1877
• To withdraw federal soldiers from their
remaining positions in the South
• To enact federal legislation that would
spur industrialization in the South
• To appoint Democrats to patronage
positions in the South
• To appoint a Democrat to the
president’s cabinet.
Pessy v. Ferguson, 1896
• A Louisiana law • Was overturned in
mandating 1954 by Brown v.
separate but equal Board of
accommodations Education
for blacks and
whites on
intrastate railroads
was constitutional.
Abraham Lincoln
• 16th President

• Kept the Union


Together through the
Civil War

• Assassinated by John
Wilkes Booth

• Emancipation
Proclamation
Andrew Johnson
• 17th President

• Took Office after


the assassination
of Lincoln

• Only President to
be Impeached
Ulysses S. Grant
• Commander of
The Union Army
during the Civil
War
• As a successful
war hero he had
lots of public
support
• 18th President
George McClellan
• A major general
during the American
Civil War.
• He organized the
famous Army of the
Potomac
• Served briefly as the
general-in-chief of
the Union Army
Robert E. Lee
• Commander of the
Confederate
States of America
During the
American Civil
War
William T. Sherman
• General in the
Union Army during
the American Civil
War
Edwin Stanton
• American lawyer
and politician who
served as
Secretary of War
under the Lincoln
Administration
during the
American Civil
War
Charles Sumner
• leader of the
antislavery forces in
Massachusetts and
a leader of the
Radical
Republicans in the
United States
Senate during the
American Civil War
and Reconstruction
Thaddeus Stevens
• leader of the
Radical
Republicans
during the
American Civil
War and
Reconstruction
Blanche K. Bruce &
Hiram Revels

• Blanche K. Bruce • Hiram Revels


– First African-American – First African-American
to serve a full term in to serve in the U.S.
the U.S. Senate Congress
Sam Tilden
• Lost The Election of
1876

• 25th Governor of
New York

• led the fight against


the corruption of
Tammany Hall, and
fought to keep taxes
low.
Rutherford B. Hayes
• Won the Election of
1876, which was
arguably the most
controversial
election in American
History

• 19th President, his


term oversaw the
Reconstruction Era
Booker T. Washington
• Representative of
the last generation
of black leaders
born in slavery

• his opponents called


his powerful network
of supporters the
"Tuskegee Machine"
W.E.B. Du Bois
• Head of the National
Association for the
Advancement of
Colored People
• Campaigned for
increased political
representation for
blacks in order to
guarantee civil
rights