Non-Motorized Transportation Pilot Project: Measuring Changes

With the Volpe National Transportation Systems Center

Transportation Research Board January 2009 Michael Jones, Principal
1

Outline 

   

Objectives Methods Results Strengths & Limitations Recommended Next Steps

2

Objectives 

US Congress mandated measurement of changes in bicycling & walking Supplementary effort to U. of Minnesota Travel Surveys Counts and surveys conducted in 4 NTPP Communities in 2007 and 2010 Link to National Bicycle & Pedestrian Documentation and other national research efforts Model to estimate use on un-built NTPP projects (area wide, specific locations)
3 

  

Related Sources & Efforts 

National Bicycle & Pedestrian Documentation Project (since 2002, 50 participating agencies, extensive data base, foundation for analysis) National Household Travel Survey Supplemental Minnesota, Sheboygan counts & surveys UC Berkeley Traffic Safety Center & other studies Caltrans Seamless Travel Study (2+ years, 80 count locations, 4 automatic count machines, new findings on correlation between volumes and independent variables)
4 

  

Objectives of the National Documentation Project 

Establish a consistent national methodology for conducting bicycle and pedestrian count and surveys; Establish a national database of bicycle and pedestrian count information generated by these consistent methods and practices; and Use the count and survey information to begin analysis on the correlations bicycle and pedestrian activity and local characteristics
5  

Aggregate Model
Work Commute Employed adults riding bicycles/walking (US Census) School Commute School children riding bicycles/walking (US Census and available sources) College Commute College students riding bicycles/walking (UC Census) Utilitarian Trips Non-work or school trips by bicycle/walking (surveys, other) Recreational/Discretionary Recreational/discretionary trips by bicycle/walking (surveys, studies)

Total daily estimated bicycle and walking trips Average trip length, trip purpose Replaced vehicle miles, health, transportation, other benefits
6

NTPP Counts & Surveys 
  

Consistent data collection methods National database accessible to public Formation of models Two basic elements:

Bicycle & Pedestrian Counts

Two-hour counts done annually

Measures annual changes and allows for analysis from independent variables

Surveys of Bicyclists & Pedestrians

Tested and refined questions

Trip Purpose Trip Length Multi-modal Linkages

7

NTPP Counts & Surveys 

Pedest ian

Befo e

Afte 

100 Year 1 50 0 Year 2 Year 3 


 

60 40 20 0

Bicycle

Measure average changes in bicycle and pedestrian volumes at some locations before and after NTPP projects.

Measure changes in travel characteristics. Measures transportation benefits. Input to aggregate model

8

Sample Results: Marin County 
 

20 locations 1999 historic counts available Weekday/weekend counts in 2007, 2008, 2009 and 2010 Count selection criteria Times and days 



9

Screen line count location

10

Results: Bicycling on the Rise 
    

+103% 1999-2008 on weekdays, +48% weekends +17% 2007-2008 on weekdays, +21% on weekends 72% male, 13% children 29% not wearing helmets 11 days/month average 10 miles average round trip

11

Results: Mixed Bag for Walking 
  

+48% 1999-2008 on weekdays, -29% weekends -8% 2007-2008 on weekdays, -10% on weekends 15 days/month average 1.5 miles average round trip

12

Results: Aggregate for Marin 
      

Pedestrians 115,680 daily pedestrian trips 81,288 saved vehicle trips 27,442 saved vehicle miles Bicyclists 18,428 daily bicycle trips 24,965 saved vehicle trips 37,525 saved vehicle trips

13

Results: Validation
Table C

Average Daily Bicycle/Pedestrian Trips: Comparing Model Outputs
Marin County

Bicyclists

Pedestrians

Alta Model

18,428

115,680

NHTS

14,128

141,283

Report to Congress

17,909

117,406

Average

16,821

124,789

14

Strengths 

Actual counts near NTPP projects should yield conclusive proof to Congress Use of aggregate and corridor models can provide projections for un-built NTPP projects Counts in 4 NTPP communities has helped refine methodology NTPP effort will contribute to field   

15

Pedestrian Survey

16

Weaknesses & Challenges 
    

Unrealistic expectations on accuracy Uncoordinated count, survey, and research efforts Selection of count and survey locations Connection between counts and aggregate model Normal daily & seasonal variations µPulsing¶ of volumes
17

Monthly Variation

Multi-Use Paths: Monthly Variations in Use
18 % Monthly Use (% of Annual otal Use) 16 % 1 1 1 % % %

8 % 6 % % % % an Mar
n iana oli

A r
3 lo ation

May

n
Monon rail

l

A
ho lan

t

o
A ra

lo ation

18

Monthly Variation

19

Impact of Climate

Multi-Use Paths Monthly Variations in Use on Monon Trail (Ind.) vs. Temperature
0 0 0 0 0 0 20 0 0 a e a p a l ep al e ct o ec 0 20 00 0 0 0 20 00

empe at e

% of Annual Use
20

Temperature (F)

Variability
Mu t -Use aths: a
25% Use 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% Mon Tue Wed Thur Fri at
uter Ban

Va at ons n Use

% of Week

un
erage

ndianapoli (30 location )

Terry Her hey Par Trail (Hou ton)

21

Daily Patterns

Multi-Use aths H urly Variations in Week ay Use
25 Hershey Prk rail onon rail uterbanks 15 Licking County July anhattan ron 10 Queens rooklyn 5 taten s erage ct ay ct

20 % of Daily Use

0

no on

7

8

9

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

10

11

8 9P

6

Starting Hour

22

Recommended Next Steps 

Assemble a Working Group of interested researchers to collaborate on and produce research Fund and develop a Bicycle/Pedestrian Traffic Monitoring Guide Fund research to develop an area wide and location specific estimating tool Promote research results that show the role of walking/bicycling in transportation
23   

More Funding is Needed 
% " $ #  " !   
o n o l il i

$300

120

$250

Total Daily Trips (Millions of Tri

100

as

$200

80

s

$150

$287 b 100

D

60

$100

$3.2 billion 1

40

B

$50

20

$0

0

Source: League of American Bicyclists 2005

£¢

total unding

non

otorized unding

Source: 2000 US Census, 2001 National Household Travel Survey 

        

¡

SAFETEA F

Nex S x Yea s

l in

n o

10.1%

¡

© §¦

¦ ¥¥ ¦¨ ¤¥¥ ¤

3.0%
walk to work trips all walking trips

24

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful