How the San Francisco Bay Area MPO committed $1 Billion toward bicycle infrastructure

Nonmotorized Transportation Pilot Program
Policy implications and imperatives for the transportation planning and research community

Sean Co
January 11, 2009

Regional Transportation Plan Process
GOALS

Economy

Environment
TARGETS

Equity

REDUCE CONGESTION

REDUCE EMISSIONS & VMT

IMPROVE AFFORDABILITY

STRATEGIES

Infrastructure

Pricing & Focused Growth

2,140 miles $1 billion

Regional Bikeway Network 
2,140 miles of on-street routes and paths  Criteria includes links to regional transit, including ferry terminals and commuter rail  Transportation-2035 provides $1 billion to complete network except remaining three bridges where no bicycle access exists  When completed, 90 percent of Bay Area residents will be within 1 mile of the network  Half of the network is complete

Evaluation of Bicycle Projects 
Evaluation based on increase of bike trips on the RBN to achieve planning goals Limited tools for bike facilities vs. bike trips At the regional level only bicycle network mileage and estimates of bicycle trips

Evaluation Methodology 
Assumed a 15% increase of bicycle trips Bicycle trips used to calculate VMT reduction VMT reduction used for other goals 
Vehicle Hours of Delay CO2 PM10 PM2.5 

Benefits/cost ratio = Total benefits/annual costs of network

Items Not Addressed 
Facilities most significant to bicycle trip generation  Assumed cause/effect relationship  Effects from other bicycle facilities not captured  Baseline bicycle trips undercounted- data from Census and regional travel survey  Health benefits from increase in physical activity

Regional Bikeway Network Needs 
No funding for maintenance No safety projects No comprehensive signing program No pedestrian specific program Local agencies are responsible for links to network

Bicycle and Pedestrian Data Needs 
Quantify bicycle/pedestrian trips over small time frames Standard methodology for counts Add additional households in regional travel survey Track mode of access to transit

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