Submitted to Mrs. PLL Annapurna, center for communication

Presented byAnjali Bhatt -11 Harshita Agarwal-24 Ritesh Jain-45

What Is Cyber Crime ?
Any criminal activity that uses a computer either instrumentally , target or means for perpetuating further crimes comes within the ambit of cyber crimes. A generalized definition of cyber crime may be, ³unlawful acts where in the computer is used either as a tool or target or both.´

What Is Cyber Law ?
‡ Cyber Law is the System Of Regulations for the Electronic usage of the Internet ‡ Simply speaking Electronic Cyber Law is the Generic Term which refers to all legal and regulatory aspects of the internet, world transaction system and electronic commerce.

The Need Of Cyber Law At Present
‡ Cyber laws are meant to set the definite pattern, some rules and guidelines that defined certain business activities going on through internet legal and certain illegal and hence punishable. ‡ Due to anonymous nature of the internet, it is possible to engage into a variety of Criminal

The Need Of Cyber Law At Present
‡ activities grossly misusing this aspect of the internet to perpetuate crime especially in e-commerce, spam and money transaction using the online banking services.

‡ In June, 2006, Nadeem Kashmiri, an employee at HSBC¶s call center in Bangalore, sold the customer credit card information to a group of scamsters who used the information to siphon off nearly Rs 1.8 crores from bank accounts of UK based customers. ‡ An Indian engineer and former Intel employee, Bbishwasmohan Pani has been charged as stealing secret information from Intel for its new employer and Intel¶s rival advanced Micro Devices (AMD).

‡ The Information Technology Act 2000 came into force in India on 17 October 2000. It extends to whole of India and also applies to any offence or contraventions committed outside India by any person (s 1(2),IT Act 2000). ‡ According to s 75 of the Act, the Act applies to any offence or contravention committed outside India by any person irrespective of his nationality, if such act involves a computer, computer system or network located in India.

‡ A victim of cybercrime needs to immediately report the matter to his local police station and to the nearest cybercrime cell ‡ Depending on the nature of crime there may be civil and criminal remedies. ‡ In civil remedies , injunction and restraint orders , blocking of websites, may be sought, together with damages, delivery up of infringing matter and/or account for profits. ‡ In criminal remedies, a cybercrime case will be registered by police if the offence is cognisable and if the same is non cognisable, a complaint should be filed with metropolitan magistrate ‡ For certain offences, both civil and criminal remedies may be available to the victim

The statistics that have been obtained and reported about demonstrate the serious internet crimes in the world. Just the ³phishing´ emails produce one billion dollars for their perpetrators. In a FBI survey in early 2004, 90% of the 500 companies surveyed reported a security breach and 80% of those suffered a financial loss.

A national statistic in 2003 stated that four billion dollars in credit card fraud are lost each year. Only 2% of credit card transactions take place over the Internet but 50% of the four billion, are from transactions online. All these findings are just an illustration of the misuse of the internet and a reason why internet crime has to be slowed down.

As we can clearly see from the above graph the yearly amount of cyber/internet fraud is increasing day by day and a major reason being the increase in technology.

OFFICIAL WEBSITE OF MAHARASTRA GOVERNMENT HACKED MUMBAI, 20 September 2007 ² IT experts were trying yesterday to restore the official website of the government of Maharashtra, which was hacked in the early hours of Tuesday. ‡ Rakesh Maria, joint commissioner of police, said that the state¶s IT officials lodged a formal complaint with the Cyber Crime Branch police on Tuesday. He added that the hackers would be tracked down. Yesterday the website,, remained blocked. ‡ Deputy Chief Minister and Home Minister R.R. Patil confirmed that the Maharashtra government website had been hacked. He added that the state government would seek the help of IT and the Cyber Crime Branch to investigate the hacking.

‡ ³We have taken a serious view of this hacking, and if need be the government would even go further and seek the help of private IT experts. Discussions are in progress between the officials of the IT Department and experts,´ Patil added. ‡ The state government website contains detailed information about government departments, circulars, reports, and several other topics. IT experts working on restoring the website told Arab News that they fear that the hackers may have destroyed all of the website¶s contents. ‡ According to sources, the hackers may be from Washington. IT experts said that the hackers had identified themselves as ³Hackers Cool Al-Jazeera´ and claimed they were based in Saudi Arabia. They added that this might be a red herring to throw investigators off their trail . According to a senior official from the state government¶s IT department, the official website has been affected by viruses on several occasions in the past, but was never hacked. The official added that the website had no firewall.

‡ To prevent cyber stalking avoid disclosing any information pertaining to one self. ‡ Always avoid sending any photograph online particularly to strangers and chat friends as there have been incidents of misuse of the photographs. ‡ Always use latest and up date anti virus software to guard against virus attacks.

‡ Never send your credit card number to any site that is not secured, to guard against frauds. ‡ Web site owners should watch traffic and check any irregularity on the site.

‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ National Information Seminar New Delhi 2009.



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