TRIZ Summary

Chris Killer

Overall TRIZ Philosophy
Concentrate on the ideal solution Ideality is the overriding driver for system evolution Concentrate on all the resources available to us If we can use these more effectively we will get more out of less

Ideality
• I.e. all benefit, no cost, no harm. If we can accurately define this, we are half way there. • Ideality = ‘Value’ = Benefits Cost + Harm • Start by focussing on solutions not problems • Then ask how can we use the resources to achieve this?

Resources
• Everything in the system is a resource (even the harmful things) • The best solutions will come from knowing about all the resources

What is a Resource
• Something available that isn’t being used
– Technical: e.g. substances, fields, functions, information, time, space – Personal: e.g. skills, knowledge, experience, attitudes, feelings, perception

Contradictions
• All systems contain contradictions
– What gets worse as what gets better? E.g. strength v weight

• We usually accept a compromise or trade-off, but this is often not necessary • Powerful solutions are the ones that don’t accept the trade-offs • We should actively look for contradictions as there are ways of eliminating compromise

Question: How can we re-design a leaking flange joint?

What are we trying to make better?

Seal tightness Reliability Weight Ease of operation Complexity

What gets worse as we do this?

TRIZ solution from 40 inventive principles: “Another Dimension” - Tilt or re-orientate an
object, lay it on its side…

Functionality
• Use functional analysis when you know the system will not change fundamentally • Create a Subject-Action-Object (SAO) table including harmful actions • From this create flow diagram incorporating all parts of the system • Define the Main Useful Function (MUF) of the system and ask how each part contributes to this • Trim out least useful parts

Functional Analysis
Component A lens lens bulb holder bulb bulb reflector reflector reflector top cap top cap barrel barrel barrel barrel bottom cap spring battery battery battery battery switch wire 2 thumb/hand thumb/hand Relationship transmits protects locates produces constrains focuses locates energises locates locates locates locates constrains locates locates constrains energises corrodes energises corrodes energises energises directs actuates Component B light bulb bulb light battery light bulb holder bulb lens reflector top cap bottom cap battery switch spring battery bulb bulb wire 1 wire 1 wire 2 bulb holder barrell switch

Note harmful actions

input

thumb/hand lens top cap barrel bottom cap

light

reflector

bulb holder

wire 2 wire 1

switch

bulb

battery

spring

PP3 energy indicator

lens light bulb body plate 2 plate 1

thumb/hand

input

battery

interface clips

Psychological Inertia
• Problem solving is like digging for treasure in a field • If a hole already exists, our inclination is to dig it deeper, & hence lose sight of the rest of the field • If someone else comes along, we encourage them to jump in the hole with us • The overall effect is called psychological inertia

Time & Space
“Naturally creative people think in time & space” This principle is used with ‘The Nine Boxes’
– We naturally think in the central box, but it is useful to consider all the others

Supersystem

System

Subsystem Past Present Future

40 Inventive Principles
• Generic principles can provide solutions to specific problems by the means of analogical thinking • As far as we know there are only 40 ways to solve a contradiction • Knowing this provides an excellent means of focussing brainstorm activities

40 Inventive Principles
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. SEGMENTATION TAKEOUT LOCAL QUALITY ASYMMETRY MERGING UNIVERSALITY NESTED DOLL ANTI-WEIGHT PRELIMINARY ANTI-ACTION PRELIMINARY ACTION BEFOREHAND CUSHIONING EQUIPOTENTIALITY OTHER WAY ROUND SPHEROIDALITY VARIABILITY or DYNAMICISM PARTIAL or EXCESSIVE ACTION ANOTHER DIMENSION MECHANICAL VIBRATIONS PERIODIC ACTIONS CONTINUITY OF USEFUL ACTION 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. "SKIP" BLESSING IN DISGUISE FEEDBACK INTERMEDIARY SELF-SERVICE COPYING SERVICE LIFE - cheap/short vs. expensive/long MECHANICS SUBSTITUTION PNEUMATIC or HYDRAULIC CONSTRUCTIONS FLEXIBLE SHELLS and THIN FILMS POROUS MATERIALS CHANGE OF COLOR HOMOGENEITY DISCARD and RECOVER CHANGE PHYSICAL or CHEMICAL PARAMETERS PHASE TRANSITIONS THERMAL EXPANSION STRONG OXIDANTS INERT ATMOSPHERE COMPOSITE MATERIALS

40 Inventive Principles…
…with technical examples
– http://www.triz-journal.com/archives/1997/07/b/index.html

…with business examples
– http://www.triz-journal.com/archives/1999/09/a/index.htm

…with social examples
– http://www.triz-journal.com/archives/2001/06/a/index.htm

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