THE BULL SURVEY

David Ash Edye Knighten Sally Tudor Alan Waters

Major Causes of Project Failure Bad Communications between relevant parties Lack of Planning of scheduling, resources and activities no quality control Milestones not being met Inadequate co-ordination of resources Costs getting out of hand Mismanagement of progress Overall poor management Supplier skills overstretched Supplier under- reourced Insufficient measureable outputs Supplier people not consistent 57% 39% 35% 34% 29% 26% 20% 17% 13% 12% 11% 4%

Supplier people not consistent Insufficient measureable outputs Supplier under- reourced Supplier skills overstretched Overall poor management Mismanagement of progress Costs getting out of hand Inadequate co-ordination of resources Milestones not being met no quality control Lack of Planning of scheduling, resources and activities Bad Communications between relevant parties 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% Series1

Major Causes of Project Failure
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1. Communications with relevant parties were what percentage of the cause of the failure? a. 10% b. 20% c. 30% d. 50% e. 60% 2. What percentage did no quality control contribute to the failure? a. 10% b. 20% c. 30% d. 50% e. 60% 3. What percentage of the lack of planning of scheduling, resources and activities affect the failure? a. 10 % b. 20% c. 30% d. 50% e. 60%

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4. What percentage did milestones not being met contribute to failure? a. 10% b. 20% c. 30% d. 50% e. 60% 5. What percentage did inadequate coordination of resources play in the failure? a. 10% b. 20% c. 30% d. 50% e. 60% 6. What percentage did cost getting out of hand contribute to failure? a. 10% b. 20% c. 30% d. 50% e. 60%

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7. What percentage did mismanagement play in the failure of the project? a. 10% b. 20% c. 30% d. 50% e. 60%

8. What did the overall poor management contribute to the failure of the project?
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a. 10% b. 20% c. 30% d. 50% e. 60% 9. What percentage of supplier skills overstretched contributed to the failure of the project? a. 10% b. 20% c. 30% d. 50% e. 60%

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10. What percentage did supplier under resourced add to the failure? a. 10% b. 20% c. 30% d. 50% e. 60% 11. What percentage did insufficient measureable outputs contribute to the failure of the project? a. 10% b. 20% c. 30% d. 50% e. 60%

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12. What percentage did supplier people not being consistent add to the failure? a. 10% b. 20% c. 30% d. 50% e. 60%

_ Ex X= n
€The

sum of data entries divided by the number of entries. €297/12=24.75

€ The

mode is the value that occurs the most frequently in a data set or a probability distribution € The mode is Bad communication between relevant parties contributed to the project failure 57%

MIDPOINT = LOWER LIMIT + UPPER LIMIT /2

4% + 57% / 2

€ Classwidth = max entry ± min entry / # of classes

€57%

- 4% / 12 = 4.41

€Range

= max entry ± min. entry - 4% = 53

€57%

The survey reveals that the major causes of project failures during the lifecycle of the project area are: ‡Breakdown in communications-57% ‡Lack of planning-39% ‡Poor quality control-35%
‡The

main IT Project failure criteria identified by the IT and Project Managers were: ‡Missed deadlines-75% ‡Exceeded budget-55% ‡Poor communications-40% ‡Inability to meet project requirements-37%

The main success criteria identified were: € Meeting milestones-51% € Maintaining the required quality levels-32% € Meeting the budget-31% Good communication is seen as the key to making this relationship work by-60% of those surveyed. End user acceptance of the project is seen as VITAL by 91%.

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