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## '  , ( (/0, 12th Edition, Pearson Prentice Hall, New

Jersey USA, 2004, ISBN 0-13-607790-0
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 Intro to the basic quantities and
idealizations of mechanics
 Newton¶s laws
 SI unit system
 Numerical calculations procedure
 eneral guide for problem solving
| ) 

|echanics is a branch of physics that is concerned with the state of
rest or motion of bodies that are subjected to the action of forces
|echanics

Rigid-body Fluid
Deformable-body

Rigid-body mechanics

Statics Dynamics

Statics deals with the equilibrium of bodies that are either at rest
or move with constant velocity. Dynamics is dealing with bodies
in accelerated motion
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The subjects of statics developed very early in history because its
principles can be formulated simply from measurements of geometry
and force

## Archimedes alileo alilei

(287-212 B.C.) (1564-1642.)
Pendulums, falling
Lever principle bodies

Newton Euler
(1642-1727) D¶Alembert
Langrange
3 Fundamental laws
«and others«
4   &  +

Basic quantities
 
is used to locate the position of a point in
space and describe the size of a physical system
 is conceived as a succession of events
 is a measure of a quantity of matter that is
used to compare the action of one body with that
of another
 is considered as µpush¶ or µpull¶ exerted by
one body or another.
- Direct contact (eg. A person pushing a wall)
- Distant action (gravitational, electrical, magnetic
forces)
4   &  +

Idealizations
We use some idealizations in order to simplify the
application of theory
D It has a mass, but its size can be neglected
(eg size of earth is insignificant as compared to the size
of its orbit)
When a body is modelled as a particle, mechanics
become simpler since the geometry of the body is not
involved in the analysis of the problem
4   &  +
Idealizations
Y'
can be considered as a combination of a large number of
particles in which all the particles remain at a fixed distance from one
another, both before and after applying a load
Y   force represents the effect of a loading which is assumed
to act at a point on a body. (eg. Contact force between wheel and ground)
["5 )& " 

The basis of engineering mechanics is formed by Newton¶s three laws
of motion. These laws, based on experimental observation, apply to
the motion of a particle as measured from a   
reference
frame.

  6 "
A particle originally at rest, or moving in
a straight line with constant velocity, tends to
remain in this state provided the particle is not
Subjected to an unbalanced force
["5 )& " 

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A particle acted upon by an u  force 4 experiences an
acceleration that has the same direction as the force and a magnitude
directly proportional to the force

47m
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

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The mutual forces of action and reaction between two particles
are equal, opposite, and collinear
["5 & "* '
 
 &  


## 4 is force of gravitation between two particles

1is constant of gravitation measured
experimentally, 66.73*10-12 m3/(kg s2)
8represent the mass of each particle
 is the distance between the two particles
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 
 &  
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Weight
According to the equation described, any two particles
have a mutual attractive (gravitational) force acting between them

For a particle located at the surface of the earth (or close enough) the
only gravitational force, of significant magnitude, is that between the
earth and the particle. This force is termed 
.
If we put m1  m and m2  |e (mass of earth) and r is distance between
the particle and the earth¶s center

## Letting g |e/r2, then 7*

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SI is used throughout

## Rules for use

[ 
& & & 

á   
  Each term in an equation must be expressed
in the same units
à
 
uNumber of significant figures determines accuracy of
the number. Use 
 
   
'u 
 uAny numerical figure ending in five or greater is
rounded up and a number less less than five is rounded down
u  Do not round off calculations until expressing the final
result. Round off the answer to three significant figures
1 &+    &3

##  Read the problem carefully and correlate physical situation with

theory
 Tabulate the problem data and draw diagrams
 Apply the relevant principles, generally
with equations
 Solve the equations and report the answer
 Judge the answer in technical terms and
common sense to determine whether the
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 To show how to add forces and
resolve them into components
using the Parallelogram Law
 Cartesian vectors
 Introduce dot product
 &   ' 

## A is any positive or negative physical quantity that can be

completely specified by its magnitude (eg. length, mass, time)
A  is any physical quantity that requires both a magnitude
and a direction for its complete description (eg. force, moment)