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Engineering Statics Lecture

Engineering Statics Lecture

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Jersey USA, 2004, ISBN 0-13-607790-0

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Intro to the basic quantities and

idealizations of mechanics

Newton¶s laws

SI unit system

Numerical calculations procedure

eneral guide for problem solving

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|echanics is a branch of physics that is concerned with the state of

rest or motion of bodies that are subjected to the action of forces

|echanics

Rigid-body Fluid

Deformable-body

Rigid-body mechanics

Statics Dynamics

Statics deals with the equilibrium of bodies that are either at rest

or move with constant velocity. Dynamics is dealing with bodies

in accelerated motion

3

The subjects of statics developed very early in history because its

principles can be formulated simply from measurements of geometry

and force

(287-212 B.C.) (1564-1642.)

Pendulums, falling

Lever principle bodies

Newton Euler

(1642-1727) D¶Alembert

Langrange

3 Fundamental laws

«and others«

4
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Basic quantities

is used to locate the position of a point in

space and describe the size of a physical system

is conceived as a succession of events

is a measure of a quantity of matter that is

used to compare the action of one body with that

of another

is considered as µpush¶ or µpull¶ exerted by

one body or another.

- Direct contact (eg. A person pushing a wall)

- Distant action (gravitational, electrical, magnetic

forces)

4
&+

Idealizations

We use some idealizations in order to simplify the

application of theory

DIt has a mass, but its size can be neglected

(eg size of earth is insignificant as compared to the size

of its orbit)

When a body is modelled as a particle, mechanics

become simpler since the geometry of the body is not

involved in the analysis of the problem

4
&+

Idealizations

Y'

can be considered as a combination of a large number of

particles in which all the particles remain at a fixed distance from one

another, both before and after applying a load

Y force represents the effect of a loading which is assumed

to act at a point on a body. (eg. Contact force between wheel and ground)

["5)& "

The basis of engineering mechanics is formed by Newton¶s three laws

of motion. These laws, based on experimental observation, apply to

the motion of a particle as measured from a

reference

frame.

6 "

A particle originally at rest, or moving in

a straight line with constant velocity, tends to

remain in this state provided the particle is not

Subjected to an unbalanced force

["5)& "

6 "

A particle acted upon by an u force 4 experiences an

acceleration that has the same direction as the force and a magnitude

directly proportional to the force

47m

["5)& "

6 "

The mutual forces of action and reaction between two particles

are equal, opposite, and collinear

["5& "* '

&

1is constant of gravitation measured

experimentally, 66.73*10-12 m3/(kg s2)

8represent the mass of each particle

is the distance between the two particles

["5& "* '

&

Weight

According to the equation described, any two particles

have a mutual attractive (gravitational) force acting between them

For a particle located at the surface of the earth (or close enough) the

only gravitational force, of significant magnitude, is that between the

earth and the particle. This force is termed

.

If we put m1 m and m2 |e (mass of earth) and r is distance between

the particle and the earth¶s center

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SI is used throughout

(please read carefully page 10)

[

& & &

á

Each term in an equation must be expressed

in the same units

à

uNumber of significant figures determines accuracy of

the number. Use

'u

uAny numerical figure ending in five or greater is

rounded up and a number less less than five is rounded down

u Do not round off calculations until expressing the final

result. Round off the answer to three significant figures

1 &+ &3

theory

Tabulate the problem data and draw diagrams

Apply the relevant principles, generally

with equations

Solve the equations and report the answer

Judge the answer in technical terms and

common sense to determine whether the

answer seems reasonable

0) +4'

-2

'

To show how to add forces and

resolve them into components

using the Parallelogram Law

Cartesian vectors

Introduce dot product

& '

completely specified by its magnitude (eg. length, mass, time)

A is any physical quantity that requires both a magnitude

and a direction for its complete description (eg. force, moment)

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