¶All your questions answered·

‡ Contraception is used to prevent pregnancy ( birth control). ‡ There are numerous methods to help prevent pregnancy: µcoitus interruptus¶ (withdrawal), the use of hormone medications, contraceptive devices (barriers)and periods of avoiding sex and surgery. ‡ Contraception can be available in many different types of methods and products. ‡ Contraception can also contribute to help prevent the contraction of HIV/AIDS and STI¶s.
(Janssen-cilag 2010)

TYPES OF CONTRACEPTION. ‡ There are many different types of contraception. Some

are controlled by a woman (eg. hormone contraceptive pills or injections), and some generally by a man (eg. condoms). Better yet, there are contraceptives that are available for both men and women to utilize. ‡ Below is a list of various types of contraception: ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Condoms Implanon Contraceptive injection The Pill Emergency contraception (morning after pill) Intra Uterine Device (IUD) Vaginal ring known as a diaphragm

(Children, Youth and Women¶s Health Service 2009)

Choosing the right Contraception method for you.
Choosing a birth control method based on how well it works is important, but there are other things to keep in mind when choosing a form of birth control. These include: ‡How easy a particular birth control method is to use ‡How much a particular birth control method costs ‡Whether a person has a health condition or is taking medication that will interfere with how well a particular birth control method works

You may choose to use a method of contraception. The only method that is 100% effective. is to not have sex! .Effectiveness of Contraception The effectiveness of contraception is very important for people to understand. but this method may not be useful or effective if not used properly or in the correct circumstances.

Method of Birth Control Consistent Abstinence How Many Couples Using This Method Will Get Pregnant in a Year? None How Well Does This Can This Method Also Method Work in Preventing Protect Against STDs? Pregnancy? Completely effective Effective Effective Effective Less effective Moderately effective Effective Moderately effective Very effective Very effective Less effective Less effective Less effective Not effective Yes No No No Yes Yes No No No No No No No No Birth Control Patch ("The 8 out of 100 Patch") Birth Control Pill ("The Pill") 8 out of 100 Birth Control Ring ("The 8 out of 100 Ring") Female Condom Male Condom Birth Control Shot Diaphragm Emergency Contraception IUD Fertility Awareness Spermicide Withdrawal ("Pulling Out") Not Using Any Birth Control 21 out of 100 15 out of 100 3 out of 100 16 out of 100 1 to 2 out of 100 Fewer than 1 out of 100 25 out of 100 29 out of 100 27 out of 100 85 out of 100 .


.How effective are Condoms? Condoms can give protection against some sexually transmitted diseases as well as protecting women against unwanted pregnancy. as this also leads to the condom being ineffective. and not broken while intercourse. It is also important that the condom is put on correctly . ripped. but it is important for the effectiveness of condoms too make sure the condom is not past the use by date. or kept in a warm place as this may lead to the condom being damaged and ineffective.

Put the rolled up condom over the tip of your penis Step 6... Step 8. Step 4. Step 5. at the end of your penis.If you are uncircumcised make sure that you pull back your foreskin before rolling the condom on.Steps on how to put a condom on. .. when pulling out. so it doesn't slip off.Carefully open the package ± Try not to use anything sharp. Step 1.Check the expiry date. teeth or nails that might damage the condom Step 3. use the other hand to unroll the condom all the way to the base of the penis.Make sure the reservoir tip is facing away from the penis before putting on.. like scissors.This decreases the chances of the condom breaking.Pinch the air out of the tip of the condom.With one hand holding onto the condom.... Step 7. if it doesn't have on then don't use it Step 2.. Tie a knot and your ready to dispose of it correctly.Make sure when you pull out after having sex that you hold onto the base of your penis.


that the Implanon is only used to protect against un wanted pregnancy. .How effective is an Implanon? The Implanon is effective immediately if inserted during day 1-5 of the patient's menstrual cycle. You are still at risk of sexually transmitted diseases. At any other time in the cycle it is important that the patient may become pregnant and alternative contraception should be used for seven days after insertion. It is important that people no. The Implanon is effective for 3 years.


It contains the hormone progestogen to prevent pregnancy. .How effective is the Contraception Injection? The contraceptive injection is 99% effective for unwanted pregnancies ONLY . It is an injection of hormones that provides a longer acting alternative to the pill. the injection doesn¶t protect from sexually transmitted diseases. The injection is given every 3 months.


this means that you can still catch STI¶s. . diarrhoea and vomiting. and by taking antibiotics or other drugs This pill is only effective for unwanted pregnancies. or as close to it as possible -If you forget to take a pill. take it as soon as you remember and take the next pill at the usual time the next day.How effective is The Pill? The Contraceptive Pill is 98% effective for unwanted pregnancies if taken properly. The pill may not also be effective if you have any of the following whilst taking the pill ± irregular pill taking. You are not protected against pregnancy until the pill is taken the pill for seven days. It is essential that you follow these rules when taking the pill: -Take one pill every day -Take each pill at the same time every day.

EMERGENCY CONTRACPTION (morning after pill) .

especially after 72 hours. . It does not provide any on-going contraception. and 89 percent effective up to 72 hours. can be 95 % effective in preventing a pregnancy.How effective is the Morning After Pill? The morning after pill must be taken 120 hours after unprotected sex occurred. Its ability to prevent a pregnancy decreases over time. if taken in the first 24 hours. Emergency contraception has no protection against sexually transmissible infections (STIs).


How effective is the IUD? The IUD is very effective to protecting women against unwanted pregnancies. . The hormonal IUD needs to be replaced every 5 years. If you no longer require to use the Device then a doctor is able to remove it at anytime. The IUD can remain in the body for as long as 10 years. the device doesn't protect women from STI¶S.

VAGINAL RING (diaphragm) .

To reduce the chance of pregnancy and reproductive tract infections. male condoms or spermicidal can be used with a Vaginal ring. especially during the first week of use. The vaginal ring needs to be changed every 3 weeks to be effective.How effective is the Vaginal Ring? The Vaginal Ring is effective after 7 days of continuous use. .

Why do we need to use Contraception? .

‡Both men and women can catch STD¶s. (STD) ‡ A condom is the only form of contraceptive that protects you from catching STD¶s. which is why it is essential to be informed and educated of the risks before participating in µunsafe sex' . Teenage sexual activity and having multiple sex partners has been strongly linked to cervical cancer. but can prevent you from catching Sexually Transmitted Disease and Infection.Important Facts: ‡ Contraception not only prevents you from becoming pregnant. ‡STD's wreak havoc on a woman's reproductive organs and may result in permanent infertility or even death.

. viruses. and oral). or transmitted via semen.What is an STD? An STD can be defined as any disease transmitted by sexual contact. caused by microorganisms that survive on the skin or mucus membranes of the genital area. and yeasts. a great many diseases can be transmitted this way. Because the genital areas provide a moist. anal. warm environment that is especially conducive to the proliferation of bacteria. ‡ It's important to remember that you can get and pass many of these diseases through different forms of sex (vaginal. vaginal secretions. or blood during intercourse.

What kinds of STD¶s are there? .

Gonorrhea Pubic Lice Chlamydia Syphilis Genital warts Herpes .

.Use a condom every time!´-author unknown...Lets focus on Chlamydia. (Commonly asked questions) ³Don't let Chlamydia hang your fertility on the line. ..

One of the more common symptoms is a vaginal discharge in women and a urethral discharge in men. What are the consequences of a Chlamydia infection? Left untreated. What are the symptoms of Chlamydia? In about 75% of women and up to 50% of men who have Chlamydia infection. 2. Chlamydia can result in infertility in men and women. ectopic pregnancy. pelvic inflammatory disease and arthritis 3. How do you test for Chlamydia? Chlamydia can be detected via a simple urine test or genital swab .3 weeks after they get infected.1. If a person does develop symptoms. there are no symptoms. this usually happens about 1 .

5. Treating Chlamydia infection of the cervix or urethra will prevent it from travelling further up into the reproductive system and causing more serious consequences. Family Planning Clinics. unlike some other STIs. They will also advise you to avoid sexual intercourse for one week after you have finished taking the antibiotics. Youth Health Services and Aboriginal Medical Services. treating Chlamydia is very simple. Your doctor will recommend that you take some antibiotics to cure the infection. Chlamydia infection. . is curable. One dose of a specific antibiotic will usually kill the Chlamydia bacteria and get rid of the infection.4. You can ask your doctor for advice about how to do this. Where can I get tested for Chlamydia? General practitioners. It is very important that you tell your sexual partner or partners. Sexual health clinics. What happens if I test positive? Fortunately.

This is because it is important that your partner or partners are tested for Chlamydia and treated if they are positive. The only exception would be if you are at imminent risk of killing or seriously harming yourself or someone else. Will the health practitioner tell anybody I have Chlamydia? Health practitioners are not allowed by law to discuss anything about your visit with anyone (including parents) without your permission. Most health practitioners will encourage you to discuss your positive test for Chlamydia with your sexual partner or partners. .6.

‡ How common is Chlamydia? ‡ In Australia and around the world.24 years.000 cases of Chlamydia infection notified to health departments around Australia. over 15. such as contraception or Pap smears .000 or so Chlamydia infections notified in Australia in 2006. This could partly be explained by the fact that young women are more likely to get tested because they are visiting a doctor for other reasons. Of those 40. The latest figures tell us that in 2006 there were over 40. Chlamydia infection has been on the rise for several years. ‡ Is Chlamydia more common in men or women? There have been more notifications of females with Chlamydia infection compared to males every year as well.000 were young people aged 20 .

It is important to remember that you can become infected from just having unprotected sex once. .Everyone should get tested once a year and/or before starting a new relationship Contraception is your best prevention ..

clinics and your local GP (prescriptions). supermarkets. They are usually at an affordable price ranging from as little as $10.1995-2010) . (Teens Health. hospitals. depending on the method of contraception you are after.Accessibility & Price Most contraceptives can be accessed from local pharmacies.

50 to $1 each and are less expensive when they are bought in boxes that contain several condoms. Luckily the pill is available for only $20 to $50 a month.‡ Condoms: They are least expensive and most available method of birth control.. ‡ Morning after pill(emergency pill): A doctor can prescribe these pills and they cost around $30 from a pharmacy. ‡ The pill: The pill is covered by most health insurance. Price. Male condoms cost about $0. but that may not be an easy option if you are on your parents plan. many health centres and family planning clinics such as Planned Parenthood and some schools distribute them free of charge. In addition. depending on the type. ..

. ‡ Diaphragm: Female condoms are a little more expensive and cost about $2 to $4 per condom. .Price continued. In general. With a valid Centre link card (health care or pension card) the cost is reduced. It must be This Is because it must be inserted into the uterus by a doctor.. The cost also depends on insurance. A 12 weekly DEPO Provera injection is available to those with a current Medicare card approximately costing $20. costs from $500 to $750 (which averages under $20 a month over the 3 years). as well as follow-up visits. ‡ Intra Uterine Device: An IUD costs about $200 to $400 plus the cost of having a doctor insert and remove it. ‡ Implanon: Prices may vary from area to area. and the facility. it appears that the total cost for this contraception method including medical visits and insertion fees. ‡ Contraceptive injection: Must be prescribed by your local doctor or a family planning centre. It is safe and effective for teens.

abortion. pregnancy terminations. family planning and reproduction health. which is readily accessible by public transport. One of Melbourne's first and most experienced clinic is the Fertility Control Clinic. http://www. morning after pill. Other services that they offer include. contraception. sexually transmitted infection pap test and pregnancy. Furthermore. this clinic deals and provides woman with support regarding safe and confidential abortions.au/ . there are a numerous clinics available to seek help. located in East Melbourne.fcc. This clinic also offers a telephone service (9419 2922) which is available at all hours.If you are experiencing an unwanted pregnancy or a belief that you have the symptoms of pregnancy or sexually transmitted disease.com.

who are residents or students in Melton & Moorabool Shires. pregnancy testing. The Backdoor Clinic is open at Unit St on Wednesdays 4.00 pm .25 years old. include information and advice on contraception.com. or Community Health Nurse offers information. a local general practitioner. care and referral to all teenagers. needles and syringe packs.7. It is a free of charge clinic which provides health services and information for young people 12 . as well as condoms. The services that these professions provide. sexually transmissible infection testing. access. Furthermore. Counselling support is also available.au/ . y y y http://www. y Another clinics that offer great support for teens is the Backdoor Clinic situated in Melton.Other clinics available for teen access.djhs.00 pm. which is distributed for free. and health education. a school counsellor.

com/ http://www. These online services are free and some of these services are listed below.org/ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Furthermore . http://teenshealth.plannedparenthood. .teenhealthcentre. pregnancy and overall support.teenhealthfx. By talking to a parent or a close friend is also useful for peace of mind and trying to work out the best solution that suites you and your lifestyle. There are also online services that are available at anytime of the day regarding general information about sexual health specifically symptoms of STIS.‡ Online services & General support. there are school counsellors available for students within schools who need help and the extra support regarding their sexual health and difficulties.com/ http://www.org/teen/ http://www.


http://www.com/watch?v=YXpAS-jCxGU http://www.youtube.Documentaries.youtube.com/watch?v=M042mZaLAOY&NR=1 .

fcc.djhs. 1972.com.girl. viewed on the 6th May 2010 http://www. Viewed 14th may 2010.com.au/ Girl¶s health 1999. est. viewed on the 6th May 2010. http://teenshealth.V. 1995-2010. Sexual Health and Contraception 1995-2010.com/disease/detail.aspx?p=243&np=292&id=2349 Djerriwarrh Health Serviced. viewed 14th May 2010. a division of Janssen Pharmaceutical N. The backdoor clinic Melton 2009. Health solutions.http://www. http://kidshealth.REFERENCE S Children.plannedparenthood. http://www.com/HealthTopics/HealthTopicDetails. viewed on the 14th May 2010. .htm Janssen-cilag 2010.org/teen/ The fertility Clinic.org/ Teens Health. Teen Health ages 12-17. viewed 10th May 2010.com/script/main/art.janssencilag. http://www.medterms.cyh.au/chlamydia-get-clued-up. http://www. viewed 8th May 2010.jhml?itemname=contraception_about Kids Health.au/ Women's health centre 1996. Youth and Women¶s Health Service 2009.com. http://www. viewed 14th may 2010.asp?articlekey=5472 .org/teen/sexual_health/contraception/contraception Planned Parenthood Birth Control 2010. http://www. viewed 11th May 2010. Are you at risk?.

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