Work physiology

Lecture note: IE 665 Applied Industrial Ergonomics

Blood Redistribution. adjustment occurs in. A-V difference in capillary blood in O2 concentration. Blood Pressure. How much ATP is produced to perform the bodily functions is closely coordinated with cardiovascular responses. Breathing rate. SV. It can be synthesized aerobically or an-aerobically.Physiologic response to muscular work ‡ ATP molecules are the unit of biologic energy. and Ventilation. HR. Physical work may have both aerobic and anaerobic components. . ‡ To match the oxygen demand for work (closely related to the ATP need).

Oxygen debt and repayment .

± (VO2work. ± VO2 is difficult to measure in field. Higher the work intensity higher the VO2 consumption rate. and consequently intensity of physical work can be determined precisely. in inspired and expired breath(%) * ventilation (L/min) Also.Oxygen consumption (VO2) rate and muscular work intensity ‡ VO2 rate in L/min can be measured using special apparatus during work.VO2rest) gives the percent of work capacity being used for a work .VO2rest)/(VO2max. VO2 rate = Diff in O2 conc. VO2 rate = A-V difference (%) * Cardiac output (L/min) ± VO2 rate provides an accurate of ATP production rate.

HRrest)/(HRmax. amount of blood pumped per minute. CO = HR (/Min) *Stroke Volume (liters) liters/min ‡ HR is effected by:(i) Emotions especially at low metabolic level. (ii) Ambient temperature and (iii) intensity of muscle work ‡ Stroke Volume is affected by the intensity of exercise. ‡ (HRwork. with a sd= 10 bits per min.Cardiac responses to muscular work ‡ Cardiac output (CO). and hence used extensively to quantify the work intensity level.HRrest) also provides a rough estimate of the percent of work capacity being used for a work. HRmax= 220 . Roughly. As a result of these HR is an excellent predictor of work intensity for moderate to heavy intensity physical work. ‡ HRmax varies with age. to some extent is proportional to the cellular respiration or ATP need or metabolic demand for a workload. . ‡ HR can be easily monitored. SV increases with exercise intensity and reaches its maximum level for an exercise intensity of about 40% of ones maximum.Age in years.

The rate of O2 consumption. Using a bicycle ergo-meter or a treadmill. ‡ In VO2 max exercises. that employ gradually increasing physical work intensity. in that case the sub-maximal VO2 is projected with the help of heart rate data to determine the VO2 max. which is indicative of his/her fitness level or work capacity of the subject. the subject performs exercise with gradually increasing resistance. before cardiac limit is reached. when the subject reaches his/her limit of exertion is his or her the VO2 max. ‡ VO2 max is indicative of aerobic fitness level.Work Capacity ‡ Work capacity or fitness level of an individual can be determined in laboratory by measuring the VO2 max. The person will reach his her maximum exhaustion level due to local muscle fatigue. the cardiac limit can only be reached if large muscle groups are involved during exercise. This is why. . There are several exercise protocols. VO2 max can also be determined from a sub-maximal exercise. the VO2 max will be lower if a bicycle ergo-meter is used instead of a treadmill to reach the limit.

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