Vehicle Tracking & Ticketing System Using RFID

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An RFID tag is an object that can be stuck on or incorporated into a product, animal, or person for the purpose of identification using radio waves . Mainly deals with identification of vehicles and ticketing of passengers using these vehicles. The major area of implementation of our project will be for ticketing bus passengers in college bus electronically, and obtain identification of buses. Will fetch added features like speed in transaction, cost efficiency, low frequency of errors etc. Accuracy in data recorded.

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Vehicle Tracking & Ticketing System Using RFID 

MANUAL TICKETING ‡ Frequency of getting errors and mismatch in entries was a serious problem USING BARCODES ‡ Major problem of line-of-sight operation ‡ Less expensive but less secure BIOMETRIC DEVICES ‡ High cost of implementation ‡ Dependent on physiological characteristics that is not fixed SMART LABELS ‡ Less secure compared to RFID technique
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Vehicle Tracking & Ticketing System Using RFID  Radio-frequency identification (RFID) is an automatic identification method.  Technology that incorporates the use of electromagnetic or electrostatic coupling in the radio frequency(RF) portion of the electromagnetic spectrum to uniquely identify an object. animal or person. relying on storing and remotely retrieving data using devices called RFID tags or transponders.   An alternative to bar code Contactless Smart Cards 3 .

Vehicle Tracking & Ticketing System Using RFID The primary benefits of RFID technology over standard bar-coding are: ‡ Information stored on the tag can be updated on demand ‡ Huge data storage capacity ‡ Small surface area requirement ‡ Instantaneous data identification ‡ Data collection from multiple items ‡ Longer read range : line-of-sight not required ‡ Greater resistance to scratches and physical abuse ‡ Greater accuracy in data retrieval and reduced error rate 4 .

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 Power will be drawn by the tag from these waves  Tag will return back vehicle information  Stored in READER memory  Reader will demodulate & convert into digital data 6 .  Reader will send electromagnetic waves to the tag.Vehicle Tracking & Ticketing System Using RFID  Tags will be embedded into the vehicle.

7 .Vehicle Tracking & Ticketing System Using RFID  Tags will be attached to students ID card  Antenna will sense the tag  Information will be fed into the reader  Reader will decode these data  Information will be send to the host system by reader.

Vehicle Tracking & Ticketing System Using RFID RFID READER HOST SYSTEM ANTENNA TA G 8 .

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‡ Has very little computing power  Intelligent reader ‡ Run on different protocols ‡ Can filter data ‡ Can run application 10 .e.  Dumb reader ‡ One that read only one type of tag i.Vehicle Tracking & Ticketing System Using RFID TYPES OF RFID READER  Agile Reader ‡ One that can read tags operating at different frequencies. of same frequency.

or special reflective material. ‡ Most simple ‡ Do not require integrated power source ‡ Most inexpensive tag 11 .Vehicle Tracking & Ticketing System Using RFID  When RFID tag is within the interrogation zone of the reader i. sufficient power is extracted from the interrogator to power up the tag or circuit.e. Interrogator equipment. This is known as Passive RFID. It then transmitting data back to the interrogator.

Vehicle Tracking & Ticketing System Using RFID  Uses battery to run chip circuitry ‡ More complex ‡ Requires integrated power supply ‡ Higher cost and communicates by drawing power from the reader. 12 .

tagto tag communication etc.Vehicle Tracking & Ticketing System Using RFID  These RFID incorporate a battery to ‡ Most complex ‡ Requires integrated power supply ‡ Higher cost increase range (typically by a factor of 3 over passive) for collecting data. 13 .

 Tag antenna ‡ Conductive element that enables the tag to send or receive data  Reader antenna ‡ Transfers information to and fro from tag antenna 14 .

8GHz) 15 .56MHz) ‡ Used for longer read range  Ultra high frequency (866-915MHz) ‡ Used for greater read distance but more sensitive to environment factor  Microwave frequency(2.Vehicle Tracking & Ticketing System Using RFID  Low frequency (125-134KHz) ‡ Used for shorter read range  High frequency (13.45-5.

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Vehicle Tracking & Ticketing System Using RFID The resource requirement can be parted into three sections: RFID SECTION (main focus on the tools required for tracking the various tags used) RFID tag enabled ID card ‡ The tag will carry the information about the client and will form the basic input of the system  RFID writer ‡ It will write the details about the client onto the tag RFID reader ‡ It will read the details about the client from the tag 18 .

Vehicle Tracking & Ticketing System Using RFID COMPUTER SECTION (Deals with the systems required for the implementation of the VTTS)  Computer terminal ‡ An electronic hardware device that enables a computer to receive or deliver data LAN connectivity ‡Local area network Computer server ‡It is a computer system used for maintaining the data base 19 .

high fidelity reports 20 .Vehicle Tracking & Ticketing System Using RFID SOFTWARES AND DEVELOPMENT TOOLS (Deals with design tools for the purpose of design and implementation) Front-end tools ‡ Provides interactive interface to the user ‡ Allows data to be entered into a server  Back-end tools ‡ Provides network that have been requested by client Crystal reports ‡ Helps users to create flexible.

21 .Vehicle Tracking & Ticketing System Using RFID  Point of sale ‡ operate as a part of toll road application -Electronic toll collecting system -Parking garage access  Close loop ‡ operate under the control of single owner -Medium scale organization -Retail industry sectors  Open loop ‡ operate under the control of multiple owner.

non line-of-sight nature of technology  Tag can be read from variety of substances  Faster read rates  Multiple tags can be read in single pass across the reader  Paper less tracking of equipment and personnel  High degree of scalability 22 .Vehicle Tracking & Ticketing System Using RFID  Non contact.

Vehicle Tracking & Ticketing System Using RFID  Speed of transaction  Increased safety  Cost reduction  Fewer queues  More reliable equipment  Reduces fraud  Faster processing of passengers 23 .

 Patni Computer Systems Lab Implemented Animal Tracking System. tags installed on employee buses.  TCS have tied up with Hyderabad university to produce RFID tagged mark sheets & degrees to deter use of fake degree. 24 .  Wipro Technologies .pilot project for BEL Bangalore.Setting up a lab to study RFID .Working on pilot projects  Infosys Technologies RFID consulting on logistics player in the RFID space.Vehicle Tracking & Ticketing System Using RFID  Intellicon . Buses inside the BEL campus were tracked with the aim of gauging employee punctuality.Member of the Electronic Product Code (EPC) .

Vehicle Tracking & Ticketing System Using RFID THANK YOU! 25 .

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