Treated Water for Steel Mill, South Korea

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What is the Project Need? .

shipbuilding. ground and local reservoir but need alternative source as water charge increases during droughts Alternative source is plant effluent water but conductivity too high for use without significant treatment .ranging from 2500 to 5000µS/cm ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Page 2 .000m3/day of process and utility water Regular water sources is river.Project Need ‡ Major South Korean steel mill experiencing water shortage due to prolonged drought Production slowdown would impact automotive. electrical appliance and other heavy industries Producing 1000 steel tons/day consuming 170.

rain water falling and brackish water ground water being pumped into the system from various construction projects at the mill µ Page 3 .Project Need .Feed Water ‡ Feed water to the system was to be the steel mill¶s own waste water plant ‡ The waste water plant consisted of ± ± ± ± ± ± Collection basin Cushion basin Reaction basin Coagulation basin Dissolved aerator flotation Sand filtration ‡ Water sample tests showed large variation in quality ± due to normal changes in operation at the steel mill.

Feed Water Quality ‡ Analysis of the feed water provided an understanding of the nature of the project Cations Anions Ca Mg Na K 110 mg/l 23 mg/l 447 mg/l 48 mg/l HCO3 Cl SO4 NO3 SiO2 COD TSS Turbidity 11.4 Page 4 .Project Need .3 mg/l 5 NTU Conductivity TDS pH 22 mg/l 642 mg/l 340 mg/l 158 mg/l 7 mg/l 3600 µS/cm 1979 mg/l 6.5 mg/l 3.

What is the Solution? .

select product. deliver and install it at site Alternative option for speed and ease of project is to OUTSOURCE Pre-engineered systems housed in container for ease of transportation could commence operation at site within 6 weeks Operated by experienced and specially trained engineer at all times Proposal prepared but project shelved then revived due to continued drought ± Project was able to proceed easily as initial design and concept previously drafted Page 6 ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ .Options and timescales ‡ Capital purchase of system costly and could take up to 20 weeks to select supplier. customise the design. engineer.Solution .

Solution .Design ‡ Water analysis conducted to determine the feed water characteristics ‡ System designed to reduce conductivity sufficiently to permit reuse of the water in steel production process at site ‡ Seven trailer mounted units transported to Korea from USA ± 3 MobileFlow® trailers with filter media rated at 135m3/hr ± 4 MobileRO® trailers with RO units rated at 45m3/hr ‡ Additionally. four skid mounted Forced Draft Aerators were used ‡ Field Service Representatives ‡ Project contracted for 90 days Page 7 .

MobileFlow ‡ Aluminum-sulphate at 20 ±30 ppm and Sodium Hypochlorite were feed into the water to prevent any biological growth prior to the feed water going into the MobileFlow ‡ Coagulant time of 7 to 8 minutes ‡ Each MobileFlow trailer contains ± 6 x 7ft vessels containing filter media ‡ Each MobileFlow trailer is followed by a Forced Draft Aerator to remove carbonic acid produced from the acid addition in the feed water Page 8 .Solution .

MobileRO ‡ Each trailer contained ± 2 x 5ft filter vessels ± 5 micron filter cartridges ± 2 trains of 22.Solution .5m3/hr in a 3 x 2 x 1 array ‡ Total system recovery was 65-70% ‡ Permeate feed back to customer for use in steel production and site utility ‡ Concentrate blended back into the plant effluent line ‡ CA membranes used as ± Resistant to colloidal and biological fouling ± Sodium Hypochlorite added without harming membranes Page 9 .

Treated Water Quality ‡ Feed water changes during the project meaning changes in the treated water output Feed Water Treated Water High Conductivity Chlorides Sulphate Total Hardness Turbidity >5000 µS/cm 1600 ppm 644 ppm 1445 ppm 25 NTU 6-8 <150 ppm <100 ppm 644 ppm Page 10 Low 2500 µS/cm 210 ppm 460 ppm 370 ppm 0.Solution .5 NTU High 1100 µS/cm 250 ppm 64 ppm 95 ppm - Low 290 µS/cm 15 ppm 13 ppm 44 ppm - ‡ Required quality of water from the RO was in line with defined limits pH Cl SO4 Total Hardness .

What are the Benefits? .

Benefits ‡ Ease of site setup ‡ Able to fulfill project needs within a short timescale ‡ Flexibility to provide a solution to meet varying feed water quality and provide treated water within required parameters ‡ A water saving of 3670m3 of water daily ‡ No loss of steel production and ability to fulfill contracts to all customers ‡ Operating staff at the steel mill were able to ± See another technology in real time operation ± Gather actual operating data on a full scale system for the steel mill ‡ Knowledge that the shortage of water from the primary sources could be overcome by using the mobile system Page 12 .

Summary .

000m3 of water reclaimed and reused at the steel mill during project ‡ Upon contract completion equipment returned to the USA ± Once seasonal monsoons returned the equipment was removed and the customer site was as it was first found ‡ Selection of the correct filtration media and correct RO membranes ensured variations in feed water quality did no cause difficulty ‡ No system downtime and no problems with loss of product flow due to membrane fouling Page 14 .Summary ‡ System in operation continually for 90 days ‡ 332.

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