INTRODUCTION TO SOLDERING

Soldering stand

Soldering Gun

Wet Sponge

Tip@ Bit

Bit Sharpener

Heating Element

Soldering Gun¶s or Soldering Iron

Solder, Wet Sponge, Clipper

Apply medicine and seek where professional medical necessary. ice between 2-5 minutes. advice .First Aid In case you are hurt Immediately cool the affected area with cold running water.

‡ Never place your hot iron down on anything other than an iron stand. ‡ To prevent burning your fingers. . use needle nose pliers or heat resistant gloves to hold small pieces.Please take all precautions while using soldering irons. ‡ Never leave your iron plugged in and unattended. ‡ Replace the cord of your iron if it becomes worn or gets burnt.

‡ Soldering is to join electrical parts together to form an electrical connection. ‡ Poor soldering can be an expensive business . using a molten mixture of lead and tin (solder) with a soldering iron ‡ Soldering is a manual skill which only comes with practice and practice.causing product failure and wasting time. . engineer's maintenance time and customer dissatisfaction.

. Cleaning the bit each time before soldering produce a good quality of soldering. Make sure the bit is clean when you are soldering cause it determine your quality of soldering. It is sharp. Bit is the end portion of the soldering gun.Bits: Bits are very important factor when you are soldering.

. Rock an roll the tip to the brush to remove dirt's and unwanted materials.How to Clean the bit? The solder bit can be cleaned by using a wet sponge while the iron is hot.

Process of Cleaning the Bit Solder Dirts Wet Sponge Dirty Bit .

. The solder should melt immediately to a shiny surface and white smoke should be given off.How to check the bit? Hot or Not! ³Check that the soldering iron is heated up to the correct temperature by melting a little solder on to the bit.´ This process is called tinning.

Tinning Process White smoke released .

TIPS ON SOLDERING To produce a good soldering some important steps to follow as outlined below. .

How to Hold a Soldering Iron .

Procedure 1 Pre-heat the soldering iron for approximately 3-5 minutes. . clean the tip. and roll the tip on a WET sponge until it appears bright and shiny.

Procedure 2 Insert components into the hole of the PCB and splay or spread the leads so that the part is held in place and doesn¶t fall down. .

Procedure 3 .

Make sure to heat both part and the PCB traces.Procedure 4 ‡ Preheat the area to the soldered by placing the iron tip on the legs and PCB trace for approximately 2 seconds. .

.Apply a clean iron tip to the copper and the lead. in order to heat both items at the same time.

Procedure 5 ‡ Keeping the Iron in place bring the solder to this area and melt it for 1-2 seconds. .

Remove the iron and allow the solder joint to cool naturally.Continue heating and apply a few millimetres of solder. .

Procedure 6 ‡ First pull the solder away .

Procedure 7 ‡ Then Pull the Soldering Iron Away .

Procedure 8 ‡ Cut the excess lead from the PCB board by using a cutter .

and smooth. shiny.How Good Soldering Looks What does a good solder connection look like? A good connection is one where the solder has uniformly flowed over all the surfaces to be connected. The connection appears bright. with all wires in it appearing well soldered .

to make the perfect joint. .It only takes a second or two. which should be nice and shiny.

A good Quality of Soldering ‡ It must uniformly flow in all direction and it will look bright and shinny. .

A Bad Quality of Soldering An example of a "dry³ or cold joint the solder failed to flow uniformly . . and form globules around the wire.

and (extreme left) incomplete joint with poor coverage.Why produce bad soldering? Excess of solder. less solder or if the solder formed into little round blobs or has sharp points. .

. or foreign matter(such as oxides and shaky hands) getting into the connection: the cure is simple and direct: re-heat the joint and apply a little more solder. a wire moving. If that would place too much solder in the joint.If the joint is a "cold" connection caused either by insufficient heat. you will have to remove the solder before trying again.

.De-soldering Process Tool Used = Desoldering pump@Sucker De-soldering is required when electronic components need to be removed from a circuit. It may sometimes be necessary during testing or assembly. also if a wrong part has been fitted or a modification has to be made. usually because they are faulty.

.The two solder joints to be desoldered. to enable a faulty component to be removed.

. Ensure the pump is 'primed' and ready to go...‡ If using a desoldering pump apply the iron first to melt the solder (1-2 seconds).

Repeat if needed.The nozzle of the desoldering pump is applied to the melted solder and the spring-loaded plunger is then released (sucker). . drawing the solder up into the pump.

The second joint will be desoldered . now desoldered.The first joint.

it may need to be done with pliers.. . If it can¶t be removed.The component will dropped out of the board after desoldering.. Sometimes..

.Close-up shot of both : joints now are desoldered and ready for the replacement part to be fitted.

. ‡Do not use too much solder. ‡Be sure the soldering gun is hot enough. ‡Heat the components lead until it melts solder itself. ‡Avoid burning components.RULES FOR GOOD SOLDERING ‡Clean soldering gun or soldering iron frequently. ‡Make joint mechanically strong first wherever possible. ‡Apply solder between heating tip and the component lead first to speed up the heat transfer.

. ‡When it flows over the connection. ‡ Any oxides are suspended in the flux. allowing good metal-to-metal contact. it removes oxides from the metal surfaces.Use the Right Flux ‡Most solder contains flux inside its core. so the flux is automatically applied when you heat the solder.

5. 2.Here's a summary of how to make the perfect solder joint. .All parts must be clean and free from dirt and grease.Clean the tip of the hot soldering iron on a wet sponge. 3. 4.Try to secure the work firmly.Avoid your hand shaking.Many people then add a tiny amount of fresh solder to the cleansed tip. 1.

c.It only takes two or three seconds at most.Continue heating. 9. joint. 8. to solder the average p.6. to form an adequate joint. then apply sufficient solder only. Do not move parts until the solder has cooled. .Remove and return the iron safely to its stand.b.Heat all parts of the joint with the iron for under a second or so. 7.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful

Master Your Semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master Your Semester with a Special Offer from Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.