DIESEL POWER PLANT

YASHVIR SINGH

CONTENTS
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Advantages Disadvantages Application of diesel power plant Components of diesel power plant Schematic layout of diesel power plant Selection of site I C engine terminology Air standard diesel cycle Definitions Heat balance sheet Common rail system Fuel nozzles Objectives of lubrication system Types of lubrication system Wet sump lubrication system Dry sump lubrication system Supercharging and turbo charging Cooling system Water cooling system

ADVANTAGES ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ They can installed quickly They can be started and stopped quickly It does need any warming up period Cooling water requirements are low System is more clean and fuel handling system is comparatively simpler to steam power plant .

DISADVANTAGES ‡ The capacity of diesel power plant is limited compared to steam or hydraulic power plants ‡ Generation cost per unit is high ‡ These plants are not suitable for continuous over loads ‡ It has high maintenance and lubrication costs ‡ It is noisy in operation .

APPLICATION OF DIESEL POWER PLANTS ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Central power station Peak load plants Stand by units Emergency plants Mobile plants .

COMPONENTS OF DIESEL POWER PLANT ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Diesel engine and generator Engine air intake system Exhaust system Cooling system Engine fuel system Lubrication system .

SCHEMATIC LAYOUT OF DIESEL POWER STATION .

SELECTION OF SITE ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Bearing capacity of the soil Transport facilities Located near load centre Availability of water Availability of labor .

I C ENGINE TERMINOLOGY ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Bore Dead centre Stroke Clearance volume Stroke volume Compression volume Piston speed .

AIR STANDARD DIESEL CYCLE .

(KW) m =BP/IP SO=BP/(AXL) Indicated Th. bsfc =(mf /BP)X3600 . Specific fuel consumption.DEFINITIONS ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Indicated power Brake power Mechanical Efficiency Specific output Volumetric Efficiency Thermal efficiency Relative efficiency Specific fuel consumption IP=Pm ALn/60000. = BP/(mf X CV) Relative Efficiency= Indicated eff. Eff./Air standard eff. (KW) BP=2 NT/60000. = IP/(mf X CV) Brake thermal Eff.

HEAT BALANCE SHEET Heat supplied Heat supplied by combustion of fuel KJ/ min % 100 Heat expenditure (a) Heat in BP (b) Heat rejected to cooling water (c) Heat carried by exhaust (d) Heat unaccounted Total 100 Total KJ/m % in 100 .

COMMON RAIL SYSTEM .

FUEL NOZZLES .

OBJECTIVES OF LUBRICATION SYSTEM Reduce wear and tear Provides cooling Reduction of blow by gases Reduce vibrations Cleaning action Reduce friction ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ .

TYPES OF LUBRICATION SYSTEM ‡ Mist lubrication system ‡ Wet sump (i) Splash lubrication system (ii) Fully pressure feed ‡ Dry sump .

WET SUMP LUBRICATION SYSTEM .

DRY SUMP LUBRICATION SYSTEM .

SUPERCHARGING AND TURBOCHARGING .

COOLING SYSTEM ‡ Air cooling ‡ Water cooling (i) Natural circulation system (ii) Forced circulation system .

WATER COOLING .

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