By M Firdaus, MT

‡ How to investigate of soil :
± Digging test holes (test pit) ± Drilling ± Directly in the field test (in-situ test)

‡ The purpose of soil investigation :
1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) Determine soil bearing capacity according to the selected type of foundation Determining the type and depth of foundation To locate the ground water To predict the settlement of soil Determining the soil pressure against retaining wall or on abutmen Investigate the safety of a structure when the investigation carried out on existing buildings on road and irrigation projects, soil investigation is useful for determining the location of channels, culverts, finding the location and types of deposits/ quarry

Soil Investigation Tools

Tools of soil sampling equipment

Insitu Test

Plate Loading Test 1 m x 1 m

Plan of soil investigation spot

The depth of drill hole

Information investigation of soil for foundation design :
1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Topographic conditions of work site The location of buildings that are embedded in the soil (utility) Local experiences related to damage of buildings that often occurs in the vicinity of the location work Global soil conditions, ground water level and depth of rock Climatic conditions, flood elevation, soil erosion and large earthquakes Availability of natural materials and quality Geological data related to the process of forming a layer of soil and rock around the site The results of laboratory investigations on soil and rock samples Photo field conditions and existing buildings

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