Ida B.

Wells
International High School at Lafayette Bridges Team / Class: J American History Unit 6 ± American Herstory Mr. Joel Akmal Khadjimukhamedov / Mei Mei

Life Dates
‡

She was born in Holly Springs. Mississippi in July 16, 1862.

‡

She died of uremia in Chicago on March 25, 1931, at the age of sixty-eight.

Life Facts
‡ She born in a family of slave; ‡ Her parents and 10 month old brother died from yellow fever in 1878 when she was 16 years old; ‡ She had two sons and two daughters; ‡ She was a anti-lynching crusader, suffragist, women's rights advocate/activist, passionate crusader against racism, journalist, speaker, and co-founder of the National Association of Colored Women and National Afro-American Council (NAACP); ‡ After being thrown from train on May 4, 1884 she started publish articles about inequalities for The Living Way weekly newspaper under the pen name ³Iola´; ‡ In 1889 she elected secretary of National Press Association; ‡ 1913-1916 she served as officer of the Chicago Supreme court;

Historical Context 
   

After enact of the ³Jim Crow law´ white peoples started lynching black people because they were afraid to lose their power and economy. Jim Crow law is local law by which African-American peoples lived with a supposedly ³separate but equal´ status. They were relegated to the status of second class citizens. Lynching is illegal way of killing people by mob, mostly by hanging. She was inspired to search about lynching after three of her friends Moss, McDowell, and Stewart were killed in jail by mob. In 1889, she became co-owner and editor of Free Speech and Headlight, an antisegregationist newspaper based at the Beale Street Baptist Church in Memphis that published articles about racial injustice. The Free Speech was destroyed on May 27, 1892. In 1892 she published the book called ³Southern Horrors´ and in 1895 the book called ³A Red Record´ on lynching. In 1900, Wells published ³Mob Rule in New Orleans´, a pamphlet that discusses the lawlessness that pervades that city. In 1901 she wrote book called ³Lynching and the Excuse for it´. 

  

Quotation
³Our country's national crime is lynching. It is not the creature of an hour, the sudden outburst of uncontrolled fury, or the unspeakable brutality of an insane mob.´ Lynch Law in America, January 1900 ³There is, therefore, only one thing left to do; save our money and leave a town which will neither protect our lives and property, nor give us a fair trial in the court, but takes us out and murder us in cold blood when accused by white persons.´ The Free Speech, 1892 ³One had better die fighting against injustice than die like a dog or a rat in a trap.´ Year 1913

Effects
Efforts to abolish lynching and establish racial equality;

This graph gives the number of lynchings and racially motivated murders between 1865 ± 1965 Percentage of lynched persons 88% were black 10% were white

This diagram show the decrease of lynching in US between 1882 - 1968

Map

This map show where lynching took places between 1882 ± 1927. Mostly in Southern states. (by Murray Straus)

Unit Connection 


She inspired her daughter and others to continue her work. To decide problems about lynching Ida B. Wells addresses all problems about lynching and inequality in society to AfricanAmerican peoples by newspapers and free speeches. The actions of Ida B. Wells bring big changes on society and on life of African-Americans in 1800 and she saved hundreds of life from being lynching. She was a fearless woman. She took actions against white people. She did not afraid from being lynching or assassinated. Chicago named her one of 25 outstanding women in the city¶s history.  



Class Question 
What you would do if your friends were

lynched or they were in danger of lynching? 
Would the lynching decrease without Ida B.

Wells' struggle? Why or Why not?

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