CATHEDRAL OFCHARTRE’S CHARTRES

CATHEDRAL

GENERAL INFORMATION
The Cathedral of Our Lady of Chartres- one of the finest example of French Gothic architecture  Located in Chartres, about 80 km (50 mi) southwest of Paris  The cathedral was the most important building in the town of Chartres.  In the Middle Ages, the cathedral functioned sometimes as a marketplace, with the different portals of the basilica selling different items.

Chartres was designed as a pilgrimage church with broad aisles, doubled in the choir for easy circulation and enormous aisled transepts. The aisles are of equal height. All vaults are quadripartite. In the original design, the exterior was supposed to have seven towers, including a crossing tower.
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CONSTRUCTION OF THE CATHEDRAL The cathedral at Chartres was built in phases over many years.  .

 Geometry was used in the planning of the cathedral. .

the South tower. the apse and the crypt. the west portal of 1134. . all that was left was a portion of the North tower. After the fire of 1194.

ARCHITECTURAL DETAILS .

PLAN N .

46 M 46 M 130 M 16.4 M 16.4 M 28 M 32 M A A’ .

4 m  Ground area: 10. .875 square meter.FEATURES  length: 130 m  width: 32/46 m  nave: height 36 meters  width 16.

 The plan is cruciform.       Radiating chapels . with a 28 m long nave.  The east end is rounded with an ambulatory which has five semi-circular chapels radiating from it. and short transepts to the south and north.

at the time of being built. as in earlier Gothic cathedrals such as at Laon. the highest in France. from the compound piers all the way up to the springing and transverse and diagonal ribs.  The High Gothic cathedral at Chartres used 4 rib vaults in a rectangular space. and these supported the weight of the extremely high vaults. instead of 6 in a square pattern.  The skeletal system of supports. as well as a towering height . allowed large spaces of the cathedral to be free for stained glass work.  The cathedral extensively used flying buttresses in its original plan.

POINTED ARCHES SECTION A-A’ Flying butresses 36 M NAVE SIDE AISLE SIDE AISLE .

EXTERIOR DETAILS .

CROSSING    3-D VIEW FLYING BUTRESSES CLERESTORY WINDOW NAVE SOUTHERN FACADE WESTERN FACADE .

WEST END SPIRE ROSE WINDOW NORTH TOWER SOUTH TOWER 113 M 105M .

176 stained-glass windows All around the outside are complex flying buttresses.  .Height of south-west tower: 105 meters Height of north-west tower: 113 meters.

medieval carvings of statues holding swords. crosses.  .PORCHES  On the doors and porches. books and trade tools parade adorn the portals.

episodes from his life.The sculptures on the west façade depict Christ's ascension into heaven.  . Christ in the lap of Mary and other religious scenes. Below the religious figures are statues of kings and queens. saints. apostles.

from west .South porch.

north porch. from west .

TOWERS south tower north tower . a 105 m plain pyramid dating from the 1140s (north tower) -the other a 113 m tall early 16th century( south tower). The   cathedral has two contrasting spires — -one.

.FLYING BUTTRESS  The cathedral has flying buttresses on all sides other than the western front.

INTERIOR DETAILS .

It is surrounded by aisles on both sides. The spacious nave stands 36 m high. NAVE AND AISLES . The roof of the nave has 4 ribbed vaults in a rectangular space (QUADRIPARTITE VAULTING).

 Clustered columns rise dramatically from plain bases to the high pointed arches of the ceiling.  . directing the eye to the massive clerestory windows in the apse.

looking west aisles nave . The spectacular nave of Chartres Cathedral.

CROSSING .A large crossing tower is particularly common on English Gothic cathedrals.

. -one on the north transept with a theme of the Glorification of the Virgin. -and one on the south transept with a theme of the Glorification of Christ.WINDOWS  The  cathedral has three large rose windows: -one on the west front with a theme of The Last Judgment.

 WEST FAÇADE ROSE WINDOW .

exterior view  interior view NORTH TRANSEPT WINDOW .

especially in a representation of the Madonna and Child known as the Blue Virgin Window.  Of the original 186 stained glass windows. .  The windows are particularly renowned for their vivid blue colour. The Jesse Tree window is another noted window at Chartres. 152 survive.WINDOWS  Chartres is noted for its many large stained glass windows. a traditional iconography known as the Seat of Wisdom.

 used for walking contemplation by monks and still used for meditation by pilgrims. almost exactly the same size as the West Rose window.LABYRINTH  Towards the eastern end of the nave. the stone floor of the cathedral bears its ancient floor labyrinth (1205).  There is just one path through the labyrinth and it is 964 feet long.  The circumference of the labyrinth is 131 feet. .

LABYRINTH CLASSIC LABYRINTH .

Arch student ASAP Batch 2009-14 Amity University .COMPILED BY TAMANNA PAWAR B.

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