The Greek World

From Crete to the Age of Alexander the Great

Hellas²Greece² Hellas²Greece²is a mountainous land intimately connected to the sea

Greece¶s Rugged Geography Contributed to Distinctive Regional Cultures

Greece From Space

The Greek Alphabet

The Greeks Were Influenced by a Non-Greek People the People Nonof Crete

Knossos

A British Archeologist Named the Culture He Uncovered on Crete Minoan²In Honor of the Minoan² Mythical King Minos

In the Palace at Knossos

The Minoans Had Many Gifted Artists

Snake Goddess

This Shows Egyptian Influence

Phaistos

Sports

Bull Jumping

Boxing

Many Greek Stories and Greek Gods Actually Have Their Roots in Crete

The Minotaur

Athena

The Cretans Had Contacts With All the Cultures in the Area

During the Minoan Era, the Island of Santorini Was Blasted Apart by a Huge Volcano Around 1500 BC

The Timeline of Minoan History

Mycenae

King Agamemnon?

Linear B

The Greek Dark Ages Lasted from Around 1100 BC to Around 750 BC

Was This an Invasion by the Dorians? Were They the Sea Peoples?

The Trojan War Turned Out to Be An Actual Historical Event. It Was Written About by Homer in The Iliad

Two Guesses About What Homer Looked Like, But We Really Have No Idea

Model of a Trojan Helmet The Trojan Horse on the Neck of a Vase

Model of a Greek Brireme

Abduction of Helen

Hector and Apollo

Achilles and Chiron

Death of Achilles

Battle Scene Depicted on a Vase

Achilles

Menelaus and Hector

Troy Today

Timeline of Mycenaean History

The First Olympics Are Thought to Have Been Held in 776 BC

Some of the Major Greek Gods

Athena

Hera

Zeus

Apollo

Pan

Poseidon

Mt. Olympus

Sparta

Spartan Acropolis

Sparta Became a Warrior State After the Revolt of the Helots

Spartan Colonies

The Poleis Began to Evolve Different Forms of Government 
Tyrannies

(such as that of

Draco) Oligarchies (such as in Sparta) Monarchies Democracies

Solon

Cleisthenes

Philosophia²Love of Wisdom Philosophia²
Earliest philosophers were from the area around Miletus  They attempted to explain natural phenomena without using the gods as an explanation.  Philosophers were, in effect, the first scientists 

Miletus

Thales

Anaximander

Pythagoras

Anaximenes

Xerxes

Darius I

Marathon, 490 BC

The Battle of Marathon As It Unfolded

Miltiades

Thermopylae, 480 BC

Leonidas

Salamis, 480 BC

Plataea

The Agora

The Acropolis

The Parthenon

The Pnyx

The Big Three of Greek Philosophy: Socrates, Plato, Aristotle

Socrates, 469-399 BCE

Plato, 427-347 BCE

Aristotle, 384-322 BCE

Everything We Know About Socrates, We Know Through His Student Plato or Others Who Knew Him

Xenophon

Aristophanes

Socrates Was Accused of Impiety and Killed Himself Rather Than Renounce His Teaching

The Death of Socrates by Jacques-Louis David

Plato Was So Shocked by How the Athenian Democracy Caused the Death of His Teacher That He Became An Enemy of Democratic Ideas. He Devoted His Life to Teaching and Adding to Socrates¶ Philosophy

Plato¶s Most Famous Work Was The Republic

An Original Fragment of Plato¶s Work

Roman Mosaic Image of Plato¶s Academy

Aristotle Wrote on An Enormous Range of Topics

Demosthenes

Alexander the Great

The Diadochi Kingdoms

Hippocrates, c. 460-400 BCE 460-

Euclid, 325-265 BCE 325-

Aristarchus of Samos, 310-230 BCE 310-

Eratosthenes, 276-195 BCE 276-

Archimedes, 287-212 BCE 287-

Epicurus and Zeno the Stoic

341341-271 BCE Fl. 300-260 BCE 300-

Ptolemy 87-150 AD 87-

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