WiMAX Overview

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WIMAX ± World wide interoperability for microwave access

WiMAX was developed with the intention of catering to the huge demand for higher data rates. .

Wimax aims to provide wireless broadband access to users. . It is designed to accommodate both fixed and mobile broadband applications.

PowerPoint prevented this external picture from being automatically downloaded. and then click Enable external content. To download and display this picture. click Options in the Message Bar.Features of WiMAX OFDM based Physical layer Benifits: Gives good resistance to multipath Offers higher data rates To help protect your privacy. .

‡ This is supported in the OFDMA mode.Features of WiMAX peak data rates Very high Scalable bandwidth and data rate support : ‡ Data rate can be scaled easily with the available channel Bandwidth. where the FFT size may be ‡scaled based on the available channel bandwidth.25 MHz 5 MHz 10 MHz . FFT size ± 128 ± 512 ± 1024 Channel Bandwidth 1.

and then click Enable external content. PowerPoint prevented this external picture from being automatically downloaded.Features of WiMAX modulation and coding (AMC) Adaptive Modulation and coding is done based on the channel channel conditions Hence different users may have different Modulation and coding techniques implemented based on the maximum modulation that their channel can support To help protect your privacy. To download and display this picture. click Options in the Message Bar. .

Support for TDD and FDD TDD is the favoured implementation.Features of WiMAX retransmissions Link-layer WiMAX supports automatic retransmission requests (ARQ) and HARQ(Hybrid) at the link layer. Orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA Flexible and dynamic per user resource allocation Support for advanced antenna techniques: Quality-of-service support Support for mobility IP-based architecture Robust security .

WiMAX physical layer The WiMAX physical layer uses OFDM. Can be easily implemented using IFFT. Can be used as a multi access scheme. To help protect your privacy. PowerPoint prevented this external picture from being automatically downloaded. Improves spectral efficiency. To download and display this picture. click Options in the Message Bar. WHY ODFM? OFDM enables high data rate. . WHAT IS OFDM? It is a modulation technique that is based on the orthogonal property of carrier frequencies. and then click Enable external content.

WiMAX physical layer OFDM Parameters used in WiMAX .

Subchannels are the minimum frequency resource unit that is allocated by the base station. .WiMAX physical layer SubChannelization The available subcarriers are divided in groups called subchannels. This kind of multiple access is called OFDM. Different subchannels can be given to different users as a method of multiple access. Subchannels may be constituted using either contiguous subcarriers or subcarriers distributed across the frequency spectrum.

WiMAX physical layer Slot and Frame structure .

and oversampling rate.Layer Data Rates Physical-layer data rates depend mostly on the channel bandwidth and the modulation and coding scheme used. the mobile can provide the base station with feedback on the downlink channel quality. OFDM guard time. Number of subchannels.WiMAX physical layer Adaptive Modulation and Coding in WiMAX WiMAX allows the modulation and coding scheme to change on a burst-byburst basis per link. also have an impact. . Using the channel quality feedback indicator. depending on channel conditions. The base station scheduler can take into account the channel quality of each user¶s uplink and downlink and assign a modulation and coding scheme that maximizes the throughput for the available signal-to-noise ratio PHY.

For received transmissions. .WiMAX MAC layer The MAC layer takes packets from the upper layer ± these packets are called MAC Service Data Units (MSDUs) . the MAC layer does the reverse.and organizes them into MAC Protocol Data Units (MPDUs) for transmission over the air.

± ± ± ± ± Unsolicited grant services (UGS) Real-time polling services (rtPS) Non-real-time polling service (nrtPS) Best-effort (BE) service Extended real-time variable rate (ERT-VR) service . in both the uplink and the downlink. The BS allocates dedicated or shared resources periodically to each MS. The base station is responsible for issuing the SFID and mapping it to unique CIDs. Every connection has a CID and SFID. which it can use to request bandwidth.WiMAX MAC layer Channel-Access Mechanisms The MAC layer at the base station is fully responsible for allocating bandwidth to all users. This process is called Polling. Quality of Service All connections are controlled by the serving BS.

Mobility Support ± Nomadic ± Portable ± Simple Mobility ± Full Mobility . Idle Mode: This mode allows the MS to completely turn off and to not be registered with any BS and yet receive downlink broadcast traffic. the MS is paged by a collection of base stations that form a paging group.WiMAX MAC layer Power-Saving Features Sleep Mode: The MS effectively turns itself off and becomes unavailable for predetermined periods. This period is negotiated with the BS. When downlink traffic arrives for the idle-mode MS.

Macro Diversity Handover . 1. Hard Handover (Mandatory) 2.WiMAX MAC layer Mobility Support ± Nomadic ± Portable ± Simple Mobility ± Full Mobility Three handoff methods are supported. One is mandatory and other two are optional. Fast Base Station Switching 3.

digital certificates. and smart cards.WiMAX MAC layer Support for privacy: AES (Advanced Encryption Standard) 3DES (Triple Data Encryption Standard) Device/user authentication: username/password. Flexible key-management protocol Protection of control messages Support for fast handover: .

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