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Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) standards make up a rating
system based on standards created by the United States Green Building Council USGBC (United States Green Building Coalition), a non-profit organization dedicated towards building a greener environment). These LEED standards have been created to evaluate how a building performs in terms of its impact on the environment. Criteria used to evaluate a building include sustainable construction, water efficiency, energy use and emissions, indoor environmental quality, and location. Structures that meet these criteria are referred to as green buildings. Various measures can be taken, for both new construction and the renovation of existing structures, to improve their LEED ratings.
LEED Rating Systems:
LEED rating systems represent international standards of certification that recognize environmentally sustainable design, construction, operation, and maintenance of residential and commercial buildings. LEED rating systems provide four certification levels for the environmental sustainability of the sites they measure: Certified Silver Gold Platinum. These relate to the building ratings in the following categories: Materials and resources energy and atmosphere sustainability water efficiency Innovation and design. indoor environmental quality.
LEED rating systems allow buildings to lower operational costs while potentially increasing asset value. This help reduce waste and increase conservation of energy and water. These sites can provide more healthful and safe interaction with their human occupants.
Current LEED (R) Products :
LEED for New Construction and Major Renovations/Additions (for commercial and institutional buildings, released in 2000)
LEED for Existing Buildings (public release: Winter 2004)
LEED for Commercial Interiors (public release: Winter 2004) LEED for Core and Shell (public release: 2006)
LEED for Homes (public release: 2006)
Projects are affected by LEED :
There are LEED rating systems for: New Construction and Major Renovations Existing Buildings, Operations and Maintenance Commercial Interiors Core and Shell Schools Homes Retail Healthcare Neighborhood Development
(LEED) credits are a series of qualifications that were devised to rate the effectiveness of green building. The LEED credits are given according to a 100 point scale. There are also additional bonus points available in increments of 10, primarily for special regional considerations. For the entity to receive certification, it must receive at least 26 points. There are several levels of certification, the attainment of which depends on the number of LEED credits given. The basic certification level is from 26 to 32 points. In order to achieve the middle levels ² silver and gold ² the entity must receive 33 to 38 and 39 to 51 points respectively. The top level is platinum which requires a minimum of 52 points. And these credits are given according to the six categories mentioned before dealing by the LEED checklist.
LEED Checklist: .
Limit disruption and pollution of natural water flows by managing stormwater runoff. Conserve existing natural areas and restore damaged areas to provide habitat and promote biodiversity. Reduce heat islands (thermal gradient differences between developed and undeveloped areas) to minimize impact on microclimate and human and wildlife habitat. Rehabilitate damaged sites where development is complicated by real or perceived environmental contamination. Eliminate light trespass from the building and site. improve night sky access and reduce development impact on nocturnal environments. protect greenfields and preserve habitat and natural resources. Channel development to urban areas with existing nfrastructure. reducing pressure on undeveloped land. 4 5 6 7 8 Light Pollution Reduction .Intents to achieve according to LEED Checklist : CATEGORY 1-Sustainable Sites CREDIT 1 2 3 NAME Site Selection Development Density Brownfield Redevelopme nt Alternative Transportatio n Reduced Site Disturbance Stormwater Management Heat Island Effect INTENT Avoid development of inappropriate sites and reduce the environmental impact from the location of a building on a site. Reduce pollution and land development impacts from automobile use.
Achieve increasing levels of energy performance above the prerequisite standard to reduce environmental impacts associated with excessive energy use. Provide for the ongoing accountability and optimization of building energy and water consumption perform. Encourage and recognize increasing levels of on-site renewable energy selfsupply in order to reduce environmental impacts associated with fossil fuel energy use. 3 3-Energy & Atmosphere 1 2 3 4 5 6 4-Materials & Resources 1 Building Reuse . Reduce ozone depletion and support early compliance with the Montreal Protocol. over time.CATEGORY 2-Water Efficiency CREDIT 1 2 NAME Water Efficient Landscaping Innovative Wastewater Technologies Water Use Reduction Fundamental Building Systems Commissioning Renewable Energy Additional Commissioning Ozone Protection Measurement and Verification Green Power INTENT Limit or eliminate the use of potable water for landscape irrigation. while increasing the local aquifer recharge. retain cultural resources. Verify and ensure that the entire building is designed. Maximize water efficiency within buildings to reduce the burden on municipal water supply and wastewater systems. reduce waste and reduce environmental impacts of new buildings as they relate to materials manufacturing and transport. Encourage the development and use of grid-source. conserve resources. Reduce generation of wastewater and potable water demand. Extend the life cycle of existing building stock. renewable energy technologies on a net zero pollution basis. constructed and calibrated to operate as intended.
Encourage environmentally responsible forest management. thereby reducing impacts associated with the extraction and processing of virgin resources. Provide for the effective delivery and mixing of fresh air to support the safety. Redirect recyclable recovered resources back to the manufacturing process. demolition and land clearing debris from landfill disposal. Redirect reusable materials to appropriate sites. Reuse building materials and products in order to reduce demand for virgin materials and to reduce waste. 3 Resource Reuse 4 Recycled Content: 5 Regional Materials Rapidly Renewable Materials Certified Wood Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Monitoring Ventilation Effectiveness 6 7 6-Indoor Environmental Quality 1 2 . Reduce the use and depletion of finite raw materials and longcycle renewable materials by replacing them with rapidly renewable materials. comfort and well-being of building occupants. Use materials with recycled content such that the sum of post-consumer recycled content plus one-half of the post-industrial content constitutes at least 5% of the total value of the materials in the project Achieve increasing levels of energy performance above the prerequisite standard to reduce environmental impacts associated with excessive energy use. Provide capacity for indoor air quality (IAQ) monitoring to help sustain longtermnoccupant comfort and well-being.CATEGORY CREDIT 2 CATEGORY Construction Waste Management INTENT Divert construction.
Avoid exposure of building occupants to potentially hazardous chemicals that adversely impact air quality. 7 8 Thermal Comfort Daylight and Views 7-Innovation in Design 1 Innovation in Design .CATEGORY CREDIT 3 CATEGORY Construction IAQ Management Plan Low-Emitting Materials Indoor Chemical & Pollutant Source Control Controllability of Systems INTENT Prevent indoor air quality problems resulting from the construction/renovation process in order to help sustain the comfort and well-being of construction workers and building occupants. comfort and wellbeing of building occupants. classrooms or conference areas) to promote the productivity. Reduce the quantity of indoor air contaminants that are odorous.e. potentially irritating and/or harmful to the comfort and well-being of installers and occupants. Provide a thermally comfortable environment that supports the productivity and well-being of building occupants. Provide for the building occupants a connection between indoor spaces and the outdoors through the introduction of daylight and views into the regularly occupied areas of the building. 4 5 6 Provide a high level of thermal. To provide design teams and projects the opportunity to be awarded points for exceptional performance above the requirements set by the LEED Green Building Rating System and/or innovative performance in Green Building categories not specifically addressed by the LEED Green Building Rating System. ventilation and lighting system control by individual occupants or specific groups in multioccupant spaces (i.
. .CATEGORY CREDIT 2 CATEGORY LEED Accredited Professional INTENT To support and encourage the design integration required by a LEED Green Building project and to streamline the application and certification process.
LEED CERTIFIED BUILDING .
The Project received LEED Gold Certification..1GOLD Certified Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design Completed in October 2006. this energy efficient facility combines the beauty of exposed materials with the comfort of a clean environment. thermal mass. the SANDEE Award for Excellence in Energy and was part of the SDG&E Savings by Design Program. DMV Concrete masonry block is exposed As structure. the San Ysidro DMV is a leading example of a healthy building. The ultimate test of a moral society is the kind of world that it leaves to its children«. .656 square feet. and finish Material.exterior to interior.Green DMV[san ysidro department of motor vehicles] ³.. At 14.´ Dietrich Bonhoeffer LEEDNCv2.
Efficient and safe traffic flow. . Efficient lighting and air flow at Service Counter. Extensive Northern Windows ±natural day lighting.
Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design Sustainable site: Storm water drainage: Catch basin with filter Alternative fuel vehicle: Preferred parking for low-emitting.Several steps were taken during design and construction to ensure the Project¶s sustainable future. efficient vehicles Reflective roof Heat island effect: Roof Energy Star + Solar Reflectance for 75% of roof Storm drain Preferred parking Drain filter .
Water efficiency: 68%reduction by Site Irrigation 41%reduction by Building Use Native. drought resistant planting Medium to Low water usage High efficiency irrigation system Motion sensors Low water flow Waterless Urinal Low flow faucet Irrigation: Waterless urinal Low flow faucet+ toilet: Sensor operated toilet .
ozone depleting Raised floor Raised floor: Capturing natural energy: Light efficiency: Localized control . Photocell Sensor. On/Off Switch Non.Wind energy Energy and atmosphere: Savings of 34%greater than Title 24 -2001O Ozone Depletion: HVAC + Fire Suppression systems Do not contain / emit ozone depleting elements Efficient air flow through displacement ventilation Floor diffusers for individual air flow and temperature control Green-e Renewable Certificates±2 year contract Photovoltaic Panels offset 9%of the building¶s energy consumption Fluorescent and High Pressure Sodium Motion Sensor.
Exterior view Motorized louvers Indoor Environmental Quality CO2 monitoring Carbon Dioxide monitors maintain healthy interior. Skylights. Low VOC [volatile organic compounds] materials. Maximize quality of indoor air. Extensive northern glazing Exterior views from 90%of regularly occupied rooms CO2 monitoring . Trap dirt particles before entering building. Motorized dampers process relief air for economizers. Ventilation effectiveness Walk off mats Walk off mats Daylight+ Exterior views Clerestory.
Glass +20%of building materials manufactured locally Recycled Building Materials Recycling Local Manufacturing Steel studs Recycle bin . Steel.Structural steel Materials Construction Waste Management +50%of construction waste diverted from landfills Construction dumpsters ±Wood. Cardboard. Aluminum At least5%of the Building¶s materials contain recycled content Recycling +50%of facility waste diverted Individual recyclable bins Enclosure: Paper. Aluminum.
ECP 306-2005 / 2005-306 (1/306) .
.( . : Prescriptive . . . .: ) . Whole Building Performance . . Trade Off .
. .: . . .
3 .1 . . . . . .5 -: . . ± .1 . .4 .2 .- -: .2 .
(SHGC) . 2 0. /0 .: . (SHGC) .( + + + + ) = .4 %30 ( SGR) . ( SGR) .
457/164.55 % 6.9= 171.457/164.6 0.59=25 - 1850 950 0.73 % 6.73 %30 .70 .6= 0.( 2+ 2+ 25) 0.( 1.: 2+ 6+ 2. / ) 8+ 12) 0.39 : SGR %60 %60 SHGC 0.95= 11.55 0.2 ) ) (0 . .95= 11.4= .35 (3 / ( /0 .17/201.73 % 84.
ca.com http://www.usgbc.dgs.ca.gov www.com www.1 57 2005-306 - .htm Book: Green Building Rating System For New Construction & Major Renovations (LEED-NC) Version 2.wisegeek.rntarchitects.coxconstructionco.References: www.org www.com/what-are-leed-credits.dmv.gov www.
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