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SMART GRID

A smart grid for intelligent energy use.

By: Suhani Gupta

Smart Grid? Smart Grid refers to an improved electricity supply chain that runs from a major power plant all the way inside your home. A smart grid includes an intelligent monitoring system that keeps track of all electricity flowing in the system. A smart grid delivers electricity from suppliers to consumers using two-way digital technology to control appliances at consumers' homes to save energy. . reduce cost and increase reliability and transparency.

as well as the capability of integrating alternative sources of electricity such as solar and wind. analysis. The basic concept of Smart Grid is to add monitoring. . and communication capabilities to the national electrical delivery system to maximize the throughput of the system while reducing the energy consumption. control.Smart Grid? It also incorporates the use of superconductive transmission lines for less power loss.

Optimize assets. High quality power Accommodate generation options. . Enble high penetration of intermittent generation sources.Smart Grid Functions: Self-healing Consumer participation Resist attack. Enable electricity market.

. Decentralization of power generation.Features: Load Adjustment. Price signalling to consumers. Greater resilience to loading. Demand response support.

information and data exchange to optimize system reliability. Phasor measurement units:High speed sensors called PMUs distributed throughout their network can be used to monitor power quality and in some cases respond automatically to them. . and security.Technology required: Integrated communication:will allow for real-time control. Sensing and measurement: Smart Meters:A smart grid replaces analog mechanical meters with digital meters that record usage in real time. asset utilization.