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SAW PATTERNS AND GAPS


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°ETALS
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v
THE NEW GROUPING HAS 1v
4        

'OUNT THE PROTONS


4       

ADD THE PROTONS AND


NEUTRONS
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KKK   
   º|  Ѻ
›  º|  Ѻ › Ѻ ðð ðð
  ÿEach row is called a ͞period͟
ÿThe elements in each period have the
same number of shells

KKK  

  Group v = v electrons

Group 1 = 1 electron
Except for He, it has 2
Group 2 = 2 electrons electrons

ÿ› 

    

ÿ›      

 
 
   

    




 


ÿThe electrons in the outer


shell are called ͞valence
electrons͟
KKK  

˜    

ÿ˜ 
   

  
 
  


 
  
   
 


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KKK  

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      *

2nd Period = 2 shells

14th Group =
4 valence
electrons

KKK  

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ÿ 4       
,   -.
4   
   
,   -!.
4      
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4    
        
      *

2nd Period = 2 shells

14th Group =
4 valence
electrons

KKK  

        
      *

rd Period =  shells


1st Group =
1 valence
electron

KKK  

    
ÿ 4        
,   -".
ÿ 4    

ÿ 4        


,   -/.
ÿ 4    
Write your answers on your handout.

Name the element.


Number of shells ?
Valence electrons ?
Write your answers on your handout.

Name the element. Neon


Number of shells ? 2nd Period = 2 shells
Valence electrons ? vth Group = v valence
electrons
Write your answers on your handout.

Name the element.


Number of shells ?
Valence electrons ?
Write your answers on your handout.

Name the element. Hydrogen


Number of shells ? 1st Period = 1 shell
Valence electrons ? 1st Group = 1 valence
electron
Write your answers on your handout.

Name the element.


Number of shells ?
Valence electrons ?
Write your answers on your handout.

Name the element. Beryllium


Number of shells ? 2nd Period = 2 shells
Valence electrons ? 2nd Group = 2 valence
electrons
Write your answers on your handout.

Name the element.


Number of shells ?
Valence electrons ?
Write your answers on your handout.

Name the element. Sulfur


Number of shells ? rd Period =  shells
Valence electrons ? 6th Group = 6 valence
electrons
Write your answers on your handout.

Name the element.


Number of shells ?
Valence electrons ?
Write your answers on your handout.

Name the element. Potassium


Number of shells ? 4th Period = 4 shells
Valence electrons ? 1st Group = 1 valence
electron
Write your answers on your handout.

Name the element.


Number of shells ?
Valence electrons ?
Write your answers on your handout.

Name the element. Helium


Number of shells ? 1st Period = 1 shell
Valence electrons ? vth Group = 2 valence
electrons
ÿ Helium is the exception in Group v.

ÿ Since it has just one shell, that shell can only


fit 2 electrons instead of v.

ÿ It is in this group because all the elements


have a full outer shell.
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