You are on page 1of 44

# | 


  

##       

j         

## SAW PATTERNS AND GAPS

!      
     
      j  
  

°ETALS
4           

Ä
          

v
THE NEW GROUPING HAS 1v
4        

## 'OUNT THE PROTONS

4       

## ADD THE PROTONS AND

NEUTRONS
  
!
 !   |  

!  !
 " #
     \$%%&

## '    (  ) 

! 

KKK   
   º|  Ñº
  º|  Ñº  Ñº ðð ðð
  ÿEach row is called a ͞period͟
ÿThe elements in each period have the
same number of shells

KKK  

  Group v = v electrons

Group 1 = 1 electron
Except for He, it has 2
Group 2 = 2 electrons electrons

ÿ 

    

ÿ      

 
 
   

    




 


## ÿThe electrons in the outer

shell are called ͞valence
electrons͟
KKK  

    

ÿ 
   

  
 
  


 
  
   
 


ÿ



  
    

 


KKK  

 ( 
        
      *

## 2nd Period = 2 shells

14th Group =
4 valence
electrons

KKK  

   | +
ÿ 4       
,   -.
4   
   
,   -!.
4      
! ,   -!.
4    
        
      *

## 2nd Period = 2 shells

14th Group =
4 valence
electrons

KKK  

        
      *

## rd Period =  shells

1st Group =
1 valence
electron

KKK  

    
ÿ 4        
,   -".
ÿ 4    

## ÿ 4        

,   -/.
ÿ 4    
Write your answers on your handout.

## Name the element.

Number of shells ?
Valence electrons ?
Write your answers on your handout.

## Name the element. Neon

Number of shells ? 2nd Period = 2 shells
Valence electrons ? vth Group = v valence
electrons
Write your answers on your handout.

## Name the element.

Number of shells ?
Valence electrons ?
Write your answers on your handout.

## Name the element. Hydrogen

Number of shells ? 1st Period = 1 shell
Valence electrons ? 1st Group = 1 valence
electron
Write your answers on your handout.

## Name the element.

Number of shells ?
Valence electrons ?
Write your answers on your handout.

## Name the element. Beryllium

Number of shells ? 2nd Period = 2 shells
Valence electrons ? 2nd Group = 2 valence
electrons
Write your answers on your handout.

## Name the element.

Number of shells ?
Valence electrons ?
Write your answers on your handout.

## Name the element. Sulfur

Number of shells ? rd Period =  shells
Valence electrons ? 6th Group = 6 valence
electrons
Write your answers on your handout.

## Name the element.

Number of shells ?
Valence electrons ?
Write your answers on your handout.

## Name the element. Potassium

Number of shells ? 4th Period = 4 shells
Valence electrons ? 1st Group = 1 valence
electron
Write your answers on your handout.

## Name the element.

Number of shells ?
Valence electrons ?
Write your answers on your handout.

## Name the element. Helium

Number of shells ? 1st Period = 1 shell
Valence electrons ? vth Group = 2 valence
electrons
ÿ Helium is the exception in Group v.

## ÿ Since it has just one shell, that shell can only

fit 2 electrons instead of v.

## ÿ It is in this group because all the elements

have a full outer shell.
 !

/ 
|  
ÿ |   
         
,  . 
       
   
     
_        
   *
_       
_          
_ '  
     
  
     
  
_ j          
  
   
ÿ '       
        
ÿ          *
      
    
"      

|    
Group # Group Name # of valence electrons

 '    

## 01\$       \$

0    0

) (     )

! 2   !

  

 4   

## & 2   &

      
_       
        
 
_ j       
 
        
     
 '
ÿ j          
     
    
   
ÿ j      
         
    
    
_        
         
      
_         
 
_         
"     
  ,      3.
     *
j       
ÿ j        
ÿ              
   
ÿ !           
  
ÿ j      
'   
'  ,  .   &   
 ,       .
'      '   
      '  

 & 
      
]