HELEN TORIBIO

Republic or Empire?

I RATHER LIKE THAT IMPORTED AFFAIR.
Puck, Keppler & Schwarzmann, New York, September 21, 1904 [artist: Grant Hamilton]

George Sewall Boutwell
Friend and associate of Abraham Lincoln, president of the Anti-Imperialist League.

Jane Addams
a member of the Anti-Imperialist League. She was a civil rights activist and founder of Chicago s Hull House, offering social services to the urban poor.

Reverend William H. Scott
He actively opposed the United States conquering of the Philippines and was a vice president of the AntiImperialist League. In an obituary tribute, Scott was lauded as lover of liberty, liberty for its own sweet sake, liberty for the Irishman in Ireland, the Jew in Russia, the Filipino in the Philippines, and especially for the colored American in the United States.

I have read carefully the Treaty of Paris, and I have seen that we do not intend to free, but to subjugate the people of the Philippines. We have gone there to conquer, not to redeem. It should, it seems to me, be our pleasure and duty to make those people free, and let them deal with their own domestic questions in their own way. And so I am an anti-imperialist. I am opposed to having the eagle put it talons on any other land.

±Mark Twain, New York Herald, October 15, 1900.

FUN FOR THE BOYS. Life, Life Publishing Company, New York, August 23, 1900 [artist: William Bengough]

CITIZEN OR SUBJECT WHICH? Do I represent the idea of a popular government to ten million of them, or am I simply a trademark for goods of American trust manufacture? The Verdict, Verdict Publishing Company, New York, August 27, 1900 [artist:Horace Taylor]

DOES IT FIT?
Traitor One who violates his allegiance and betrays his country. Webster s dictionary. Bryan accepted a commission as colonel in the United States army for the Spanish-American war and swore allegiance to the stars and stripes. Judge, Judge Company, New York, October 27, 1900 [artist: Grant Hamilton]

Who is to blame?
Aguinaldo to the Antis: Allow me to thank you for the very cordial support and encouragement you have given me. Tribune (Minneapolis) circa 1899, [artist: Roland Claude Bowman]

Bryan s Road to the White House
The Chicago Inter Ocean, circa 1900 [artist: Vanleshout]

Did he do it?
The St. Paul Dispatch, circa 1900. [artist: George]

LIBERTY: STOP THIS BLOODY WORK, SAM! HE IS THE ONE WHO IS FIGHTING FOR ME! Life, Life Publishing Company, New York, June 8, 1899 [artist: William H. Walker]

Liberty enlightening the world. It appears that a patriot in the western hemisphere is a rebel in the Philippines. Things are naturally being reversed in the antipodes. Life, Life Publishing Company New York, April 13, 1899 [artist: C. Broughton]

THE IDOL OF THE AUNTIES. Puck, Keppler & Schwarzmann, New York, May 10, 1899 [artist:Louis Dalrymple]

THE REV. UNCLE JASPER OF THE UNITED STATES SENATE ON EXPANSION. Rev. Jasper Hoar With his asmokin dem Havana seegars an a-drinkin dat Manila wine, Uncle Sam am on de sure road to_____! Excuse de word. Judge, Arkell Publishing Company, New York, February 18, 1899 [artist: Grant Hamilton]

The downfall of the American Republic will date from the administration of William McKinley.
Senator George Frisbie Hoar, leading Republican ally of the antiimperialist movement.

CAN THE MISSIONARY REACH THIS OLD SAVAGE? Journal (Minneapolis), also published in The Literary Digest, Vol. XXII, No. 19, May 11, 1901, p. 578 [artist: Bart Charles Bartholomew]

³KILL EVERYONE OVER TEN.´

³Criminals because they were born ten years before we took the Philippines.´
The New York Evening Journal, also published in The Literary Digest, Vol. XXIV, No. 20, May 17, 1902, p. 667 [artist: Homer Davenport]

Chorus in background: Those pious Yankees can t throw stones at us anymore.
Life, Life Publishing Company, New York, May 22, 1902 [artist: William H. Walker]

Lucky Filipinos.
It appears that the Filipinos have lost confidence in Americans. Do those benighted wretches fail to realize what we have accomplished in their islands? We may have burnt certain villages, destroyed considerable property and incidently slaughtered a few thousand of their sons and brothers, husbands and fathers, etc., but what did they expect? Were we to transport an army more than half way around the earth merely to listen to peace propositions? Not much. And look at Manila. Two years ago the main street of Manila did not possess a single saloon. Now there are thirteen on this one street! And they complain that drunken American soldiers insult the native women. What do they expect from a drunken soldier, anyway? Progress is now in the islands. She may be red-handed, and at times drunk, but she is there for business.

Life, Life Publishing Company, New York, May 3, 1900, p.381 [artist:unknown]

Origins of The Forbidden Book

1980 State visit of President Ferdinand Marcos to the United States

DEMONSTRATION AGAINST THE MARCOS DICTATORSHIP IN THE PHILIPPINES San Francisco, California 1980

THE FORBIDDEN BOOK
THE PHILIPPINE AMERICAN WAR IN POLITICAL CARTOONS

Front: Helen Toribio; Back (left to right): Carl Angel [book designer], Jorge Emmanuel, Abe Ignacio, Enrique de la Cruz.

COLORED: BLACK N WHITE EXHIBIT PUSOD CENTER, BERKELEY, CALIFORNIA, 2001

COLORED: BLACK N WHITE EXHIBIT PUSOD CENTER, BERKELEY, CALIFORNIA, 2001

READY FOR DUTY.
Puck±I¶ll be with you, Mr. President, whether its war or peace!
Puck, Keppler & Schwarzmann, New York, May 4, 1898 [artist:Louis Dalrymple]

³INFORMATION WANTED.´ ³Uncle Sam±¶Now that I¶ve got it, what am I going to do with it.¶´ Judge, Arkell Publishing Company, New York, June 11, 1898 [artist:Grant Hamilton]

A RED-LETTER DAY. ³The stranger: How long have you been civilized?´ ³The native: Ever since my home was burned to the ground and my wife and children shot.´ Life, Life Publishing Company, New York, October 18, 1900 [artist:Frederick Thompson Richards]

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