Smart Grid

Smart Grid ÷ Sensors, Computing,
Communication
Highly
Ìnstrumented with
Advanced
Sensors and
Computing
Ìnterconnected by a
Communication Fabric that
Reaches Every Device
hat is Smart Grid ?
O The Smart Grid is a combination of hardware, management and
reporting software, built atop an intelligent communications
infrastructure.
O The flow of electricity from utility to consumer becomes a two-way
conversation, saving consumers money, energy, delivering more
transparency in terms of end-user use, and reducing carbon
emissions.
O The Smart Grid in large, sits at the intersection of Energy, ÌT and
Telecommunication Technologies
!illars of Smart Grid
O Transmission Optimization
O Demand Side Management
O Distribution Optimization
O Asset Optimization
eed for development of Smart Grid having features like-
O !hasor Measurement Technique
O ide Area Measurement (AM)
O Flexible AC Transmission System (FACTS)
O Adoptive Ìslanding
O Self healing Grids
O !robabilistic and Dynamic Stability Assessment
O Distributed and autonomous Control
5
Transmission Optimization
By Technology Ìntegration & Grid Management
Network model
State Estimator
V KV
P MW
Q MVAR
Hz Hz
~
Open
Close
Close
Close
Several
Seconds
to a
Minute
milli
secs
to sec
W Traditionally developed for
accommodating old information
technology regime (Slow
communication, data without time
stamp)
W Made possible for all round
development in technologies
6
SCADA Vs !MU
O Transmission
O Distribution
O System Operations
WAdvance
etering
nfrastructures
WAsset
anagementetc
WAsset
anagement
WHVDCand
&HVACetc
W$eIfHeaIingrids
WWA$
WAdaptivesIanding
etc

Smart Grid in !ower Sector
Smart Grid in Distribution
O Distribution Atomization
O Demand Optimization - Selective Load Control
O Operation ÷Ìslanding of Micro-grids
Distribution Atomization/Optimization
O Managing Distribution etwork Model
O Outage management and AMÌ Ìntegration
O DMS & Advanced Switching Applications
O Ìntegrated Voltage / VAR Control
Demand Optimization
Smart Metering
Automatic, Time of Use, Consumer Communication & Load
Control
Communications : Automated Metering Ìnfrastructure (AMÌ) ÷
LA, A, HA
DRMS (Demand Response Management)
Ìn Home enabling technology
O Demand in three category:
O Ìmmediate, Deferrable, Storable
O Customer aggregation & De-aggregation required for
!eak shifting
Control Center with Service Oriented
Architecture (BUS)
O Having
O GÌS (geo-spatial Ìnformation Systems),
O AMÌ,
O SA! (ER!),
O OMS (Outage management System),
O DMS (Distribution Management System),
O EMS (Energy Management System),
O DRMS (Demand Response management System).
O Model manager synchronizes GÌS data with OMS,
DMS & EMS.
hy Smart Grid
O Ìntegrate isolated technologies : Smart Grid enables better
energy management.
O !roactive management of electrical network during
emergency situations.
O Better demand supply / demand response management.
O Better power quality
O Reduce carbon emissions.
O Ìncreasing demand for energy : requires more complex and
critical solution with better energy management
Drivers of Smart Grid
O Ìncreasing demand:
O High Aggregate Technical & on Technical, Losses:18%-
62%
O Ageing assets.transformers, feeders etc.,
O Grid to carry more power: eed for, Reliability and greater
Security
O Billing and collections: !rofitability of distribution
companies
O Energy mix: eed for Renewable to reduce carbon
footprint
Ìmplementation leads to ...
O Deliver sustainable energy
O Ìncreased efficiency
O Empower consumers
O Ìmprove reliability
O Smart Grid
ew Technologies for...
O Energy Storage to support a Resilient Smart
Grid
(Comparing & evaluating cost competitiveness of:
Compressed air, pumped hydro, ultra capacitors,
flywheels, battery tech, fuel cells.)
O Smart Grid & Electric Vehicle Ìntegration
(How can electric Vehicle optimize the use of
renewable energy resources, improve efficiency)
!MUs (!hasor Measurement Units ) with G!S system to be
installed at four substations of orthern Region and !DC at
RLDC, Delhi.
(!MU Locations: Moga- 400 KV, Kanpur- 400 KV S/s,
Vindhyachal- HVDC, Dadri- HVDC )
To use !hasor Measurements data for better situational
awareness and technology evaluation using minimal hardware
& software
Use of existing fiber communication link
!ilot !rojects
THAK
YOU

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