Malcolm X (1925-65



Born Malcolm Little May 29,1925
He talk about Civil Rights, black supremacy, and violence.

1952 converts to Islam, changes name to Malcolm X, 1954 Named Nation of Islam spokesperson 1964 Malcolm X publicly terminates his association with NOI


He converts 25,000+ to Islam from 1952 to 1963 1953, He becomes Assistant Minister of Nation of Islam's Detroit Temple. On June 29, 1963 Malcolm lead the Unity Rally in Harlem. It was one of the nations largest civil rights events. Nation of Islam orders Malcolm X to be silent, allegedly because of remarks concerning President Kennedy's assassination. 


March, 1964 Malcolm X leaves the Nation of Islam and starts his new organization, Muslim Mosque, Inc. May, 1964 Starts the Organization of Afro-American Unity (OAAU), a secular political group. February 21, 1965 Malcolm X is assassinated by NOI members  

On the white civil rights movement
³I said that ultra-liberal New York had more integration problems than Mississippi. If the Northern Freedom Riders wanted more to do, they could work on the roots of such ghetto evils as the little children out on the streets at midnight, with apartment keys on strings around their necks to let themselves in, and their mothers and fathers drunk, drug addicts, thieves, prostitutes.´


Malcolm X taught that black people were the original people of the world and that white people were a race of devils who were created by an evil scientist named Yakub. The Nation of Islam believed that black people were superior to white people, and that the demise of the white race was imminent. When he was questioned concerning his statements that white people were devils, Malcolm X said that "history proves the white man is a devil." 

³It is criminal to teach a man not to defend himself when he is the constant victim of brutal attacks« The time has come for the American Negro to fight back in self-defense whenever he is being unjustly and unlawfully attacked.´

Malcolm·s Teaching
1) Whites were to blame for the black man¶s social problems. 2) Blacks should separate from white society . Quit trying to act like the white man! 3) Armed self-defense and ³Any Means Necessary.´ 4) African-Americans should have pride in their identity and culture.

´Ballots or Bullets´ 

April 3 ,1964 Malcolm begins to preach a new slogan ³Ballots or bullets.´ It¶s a public speech for Human rights.
It was ranked 7th in the top 100 American speeches of the 20th century. 


Meaning: ³If you and I don¶t use the ballot, we¶re going to be forced to use the bullet. So let us try the ballot.´

³Afro American unity ´ 

Malcolm broke from Elijah Muhammad in March 1964 because of differences in strategy and doctrine. In April 1964 Malcolm takes a pilgrimage to Mecca and learns that orthodox Muslims believe in equality of all races! Malcolm returns to America and radically changes his teachings: ok to hate racism and injustice, but it is wrong to hate the white race!!  


In conclusion Malcolm X was an influential speaker and leader of the civil rights movement. His avocation for black separatism and black power lead to the rise of Islam in the United States, and rise of black advancement. However his teachings had a negative effect as well as positive. His teachings of white hate and black power lead to the rise of the Black Panthers, and the criminal organizations such as the Black Mafia of Philadelphia, and The Crips of L.A 

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