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(F E D) FIELD EMISSION DISPLAY

DEEPAK GUPTA EC 3rd YR. 0800131034

PLAN OF PRESENTATION
WHAT WHEN HOW APPS. ADV.

CHARACTERISTICS

FED 
FED

is such a display that works a bit like a cathode-ray tube, except that cathodeelectrons are emission procedure of one cathode emission spraying of electron through number of hole is done 

Instead

HISTORY 
In

1968, Charles A. "Capp" Spindt at the Stanford Research Institute had the idea of fabricating a flat display using microscopic molybdenum cones singly or in arrays (FEA s)  This development was the enabling technology the concept for using FEA s in a matrix addressed display (FED)

Assembly of FED Device

FED Principles
Field emission displays, electrons coming from millions of tiny microtips pass through gates and light up pixels on a screen. This principle is similar to that of cathode-ray tubes in television sets. The difference: Instead of just one "gun" spraying electrons against the inside of the screens face, there are as many as 500 million of them .

Cathode
The cathode/back plate is a matrix of row and column traces. Each crossover lays the foundation for an addressable cathode emitters. Each crossover has up to 4,500 emitters, 150 nm in diameter. This emitter density assures a high quality image through manufacturing redundancy, and long-life through low operational stress.

Emission
Emitters generate electrons when a small voltage is applied to both row (base layer) and column (top layer).

FED PACKAGING 
The

field emission display screens are comprised of a thin sandwich. In this the back is a sheet of glass or silicon that contains millions of tiny field emitters which is the cathode. The front is a sheet of glass coated with phosphor dots, which is the anode.

FED CHARACTERISTICS 
Comparing

with the CRT displays the field emission displays has many advantages.  They are:

1. Brightness 2. Speed 3. Compact and lightweight 4. Display size 5. Low driving voltage 6. Wider viewing angle 7. High illumination 8. Colour Quality

FED advantages
Inherently high luminous efficiency  No Response Time issues  CRT-like Colour Gamut CRT Lower Power Consumption 


Technology

Luminous Efficiency (Lm/W) 3 0.8 3 5 7

CRT (at 30KV) PDP LCD OLED / PLED FED at 8 KV

Cold Cathode Emission Distance between cathode and screen ~0.2± ~0.2±5mm Matrix Addressed ± No DY 



Flat Panel Technology 

Capital investment for manufacturing VLS TV with printable CNT FEDs - 1/10th of LCD  Cost advantage over LCD could be 40%

APPLICATION
This technology could produce affordable large displays in the 20 to 40-inch diagonal range suitable 40for TVs.

DRAWBACKS
a. Vacuum tubes do require maintenance. b. Current FEDs often suffer from variation in screen brightness across the display, and also within each pixel. c. Durability due to electrical discharge in the small gaps everywhere in FED prototypes. d. The killing problem was durability: the tips could not survive under severe conditions of arcing (i.e. electrical discharge) due to the small gaps everywhere in FED prototypes.

Thank you ...