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CONDENSATE CYCLE

ANSHUL AGARWAL ENGR (OPN)

POWER PLANT CYCLE
The Working fluid is Water. Working principle is based on the Modified Rankine Cycle ( With Single Re- Heat )

The closed cycle consists of three intermediate cycles: Condensate cycle Feed Water Cycle Steam Cycle

LTSH DRUM PSH FSH E C O F U R N A C E HPT IPT LPT COND R/H CEP GSC HPH6 HPH 5 BFP DEA LPH3 LPH2 LPH 1 D/C .

2.CONDENSATE CYCLE Sensible Heat addition to condensate extracted from condenser by CEP Starts from Condenser and ends at DeAerator GSC.3 and Drain Cooler are the heat exchangers Driving force is CEP GSC COND CEP DEA LPH3 LPH2 LPH 1 D/C . LPH 1.

CONDENSER Purpose: Condense the steam leaving the turbine Latent Heat of Condensation to be rejected. double pass with divided water box construction Soft Water from CW pump house is used as cooling water to condense the steam . Surface type.

So level Control is very important.( Condensate Depression) Fresh DM water make up is added here Best temperature matching occurs as temp of working fluid is lowest here Make up water can then pass through all the heaters .HOTWELL Vessel where Condensate collects after condensation CEP takes suction from Hotwell. Temperature of Condensate is generally just below saturation temp of steam leaving the turbine.

Aerator Canister type vertical centrifugal pump with 5 stages 2 x100 % capability pumps are provided. ‡It is the driving force of the condensate cycle up to De. 1 in service and other as standby .CONDENSATE EXTRACTION PUMP ( CEP) PURPOSE: ‡Extract condensate from the condenser ( hotwell) and feed it into the cycle.

CONDENSATE EXTRACTION PUMP ( CEP) .

CEP CONNECTIONS DOZING TANKS MAKE UP CST GLAND SEALING TO GSC LP BP SPRAY CEP R/C CEP .

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adding sensible heat to condensate. Sealing steam after condensation forms drip which goes to LP flash box. .GLAND STEAM CONDENSER (GSC) PURPOSE: ‡To quench the sealing steam coming out of last gland seal of HPT. ‡Also works as a heat exchanger. IPT AND LPT.

Preheating the feedwater reduces the amount of energy needed to make steam and thus reduces plant operation costs. This improves the thermodynamic efficiency of the system.LOW PRESSURE HEATERS ‡A Feed water heater is a component used to preheat water delivered to the boiler. CLASSIFICATION PARALLEL FLOW CROSS FLOW COUNTER FLOW .

HEAT EXHANGERS In parallel-flow heat exchangers. heating medium is perpendicular to the medium being heated T2 T1 T1 In counter-flow heat exchangers the fluids enter the exchanger from opposite ends. and travel in parallel to one another to the other side. T1 T1 T2 T2 COLD MEDIUM HOT MEDIUM T2 > T1 . the two fluids enter the exchanger at the same end. in that it can transfer the most heat. T1 T2 T1 T2 T2 In cross flow heat exchangers. The counter current design is most efficient.

waste heat can be put to use. so there are many tubes. In order to transfer heat efficiently. One flows through the tubes (the tube side) and the other flows outside the tubes but inside the shell (the shell side). of different starting temperatures. Heat is transferred from one fluid to the other through the tube walls.SHELL AND TUBE HEAT EXCHANGER Two fluids. either from tube side to shell side or vice versa. a large heat transfer area should be used.. flow through the heat exchanger.. . In this way.

CONDENSER ‡ Converts last stage steam of LPT to water .

LOW PRESSURE HEATERS EX-3 LPT 3rd STAGE LPT 5TH STAGE EX-2 LPT 7TH STAGE GLAND STEAM TO D/A LPH3 LPH 2 LPH 1 D/C GSC FROM CEP LP FB .

LPH 1. . DC AND GSC are all shell and tube type. LPH 2.LOW PRESSURE HEATERS PURPOSE: ‡Sensible Heat addition to Condensate The condensate has higher density and hence is e inside the tubes. LPH 3.

as heating source in DC is drip of LPH 1 All the drips ultimately collect in LP flash box. LPH 1 and D/C have a common by pass. from where it flows to hotwell. .LOW PRESSURE HEATERS Each heater can be bypassed individually.

LOW PRESSURE HEATERS DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS: ‡Heat Load ‡No of tubes ‡Level of Drip ‡TTD ‡DCA ‡Temperature rise .

7TH STAGE LPT.5TH STAGE ( EX 2) LPT. OF SOURCE .3 62 107 200 TEMP.HEAT EXCHANGERS AT FULL LOAD EXCHANGER GSC D/C LPH 1 LPH2 LPH3 SOURCE SEALING STEAM LEAK FROM LAST GLAND DRIP OF LPH 1 LPT.3RD STAGE ( EX-3) 60.