Subject

:

Scientific Debate
LECTURE:

WHAT IS COMPUTER

What is Computer
y A Computer is a programmable machine that

receives input, stores and manipulates data, and provides output in a useful format.

‡ A

Machine is a device that uses energy to perform some activity.

y A Data is anything in a form suitable for use with a

computer.

What is Computer Science
y Computer science (sometimes abbreviated CS) is

the study of the theoretical foundations of information and computation and of practical techniques for their implementation and application in computer systems.

y Information, in its most restricted technical sense,

is an ordered sequence of symbols.

y Computation is a general term for any type of

process, algorithm

y Information

processing is the change of information in any manner detectable by an observer.

y An algorithm is an

effective method for solving a problem expressed as a finite sequence of steps.

What is Hardware & Software
y Hardware: The term hardware covers all of those

parts of a computer that are tangible objects. Circuits, displays, power supplies, cables, keyboards, printers and mice are all hardware.
y Software refers to parts of the computer which do

not have a material form, such as programs, data, etc.

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