England in the Age of Elizabeth I

The Beginning of the Rise to National Greatness

Elizabeth·s Family Background

Elizabeth·s Paternal Grandfather, King Henry VII

Paternal Grandmother Elizabeth of York

Mother and Father

Anne Boleyn

Henry VIII

The Tudor-Stuart Dynasty Tudor-

Elizabeth at Age 13

Elizabeth·s Family³With Her and Her Half Sister Mary on the Sidelines

Edward VI

Mary I, ´Bloody Maryµ

Mary Was Married to King Philip II of Spain

Elizabeth Regina, (Life, 1533-1603; Reign, 1558-1603)

Elizabeth·s Turbulent Reign

William Cecil, Lord Burghley³Advisor to Elizabeth for 40 Years

Robert Dudley

As Early as 1559 Elizabeth Began to Impose a Religious Settlement on England The Act of Uniformity The Act of Supremacy The Thirty-Nine Articles (1563)

The Queen·s Prayer Book

The Catholic Church Strongly Condemned Elizabeth

Hostility Between Elizabeth and the Catholics Grew. Revolts and Plots Were Crushed

Execution of Northumberland, 1572

Many Plots to Remove Elizabeth Centered on Mary, Queen of Scots, Who Was a Prisoner of the English Government from 1568 Onwards

Execution of Mary, Queen of Scots, 1587

After a Long Series of Clashes with Elizabeth, and Determined to Re-Catholicize England, Philip II of ReSpain Decided to Invade England in 1588

A Key Player in the Conflict With Spain Was Francis Drake

Drake·s Voyages

The Route of the Spanish Armada

The Battles in the Channel, July and August 1588

Francis Drake

John Hawkins

Drake Inspired Later Generations

The War Inspired Fierce English Patriotism

Elizabeth Emerged as a Powerful Leader

The War With Spain, However, Lasted for Many Years

Sir Walter Raleigh

Map of Virginia

Virginia Became the Site of the ´Lost Colonyµ

Elizabeth Was a Strong and Decisive Leader; Most of Her Subjects Either Loved or At Least Respected Her

Presiding Over Parliament

A Royal Visit

However, Elizabeth·s Irish Subjects Resisted Her Bitterly³and Were Crushed for It Bitterly³

Ordinary Life in Elizabethan England

The Tudor Style

Cities and Towns




Medical Arts


Elizabethan Theatre and Literature


Left: Shakespeare·s House

Right: Shakespeare·s Grammar School

Rendition of William Shakespeare (1564(1564-1616)

The Globe Theatre Reconstructed

Edmund Spenser (1552-1599) Ben Jonson (15721637) Christopher Marlowe (15641593)

By 1601, Elizabeth Was an Old, Tired Woman Who Had Had a Remarkable Reign

The End of Elizabeth·s Last Address to Parliament:

And though you haue had and may haue many mightier and wiser Princes sitting in this Seat, yet you neuer had nor shall haue any that will loue you better

Elizabeth Died in 1603

Elizabeth·s Death Bed, Richmond

Elizabeth·s Tomb in Westminster Abbey

Elizabeth·s Reign Had Left England Richer and More Powerful 
England Was Now a Major Factor in European Power

Politics, Although Its Power Would Grow More Later  The Nation Had Entered Into One of Its Greatest Literary and Artistic Periods  England Was More Unified Than It Had Ever Been  The Economy of the Country Had Grown