CH¡LD LABOUR CH¡LD LABOUR

Child labour... Child labour...
In undeveloped countries.. In undeveloped countries..
Is still high.. Is still high..
IS CSIDERED A CILD IS CSIDERED A CILD
International conventions deIine children as age 18 International conventions deIine children as age 18
and under is a child. and under is a child.
But individual governments may deIine But individual governments may deIine ´ ´child child´ ´
according to diIIerent ages or other criteria. according to diIIerent ages or other criteria.
In India, age under 14 years is considered to be a In India, age under 14 years is considered to be a
child. child.
ho is a labour ? ho is a labour ?
ne who works in a daily wage basis on the days ne who works in a daily wage basis on the days
when he or she has the work opportunities open Ior when he or she has the work opportunities open Ior
him or her and rest sits ideal on other days is termed him or her and rest sits ideal on other days is termed
as labour. as labour.
hat is a ~Child Labour ~? hat is a ~Child Labour ~?
hild Labour¨ is work Ior children that hild Labour¨ is work Ior children that
harms them or exploits them in some way harms them or exploits them in some way
( i.e., physically, mentally, morally or by ( i.e., physically, mentally, morally or by
blocking access to education ) blocking access to education )
hat do child labourers do? hat do child labourers do?
large proportion oI children work in large proportion oI children work in
agriculture. Work ranges Irom taking care oI agriculture. Work ranges Irom taking care oI
animals and planting and harvesting Iood, to animals and planting and harvesting Iood, to
many kinds oI small manuIacturing (e.g., many kinds oI small manuIacturing (e.g.,
bricks and cement, auto repairs and making bricks and cement, auto repairs and making
oI Ioot wears and textiles). oI Ioot wears and textiles).
More boys than girls work outside their More boys than girls work outside their
house. But more girls work in some iobs, Ior house. But more girls work in some iobs, Ior
instance, as domestic maids. instance, as domestic maids.
hy should we care? hy should we care?
Many children in hazardous and dangerous iobs are in Many children in hazardous and dangerous iobs are in
danger oI iniury, even death. danger oI iniury, even death.
They are supposed to sit at home, play with the Iriends, They are supposed to sit at home, play with the Iriends,
build their health, develop the culture and load themselves build their health, develop the culture and load themselves
with knowledge. with knowledge.
ow can ordinary people help to reduce child labour? ow can ordinary people help to reduce child labour?
Learn about the issue Learn about the issue
Support organizations that are raising awareness Support organizations that are raising awareness
Provide direct help to individual children. Provide direct help to individual children.
Causes of Child Labour Causes of Child Labour
1. Poverty (Main Reason) 1. Poverty (Main Reason)
2. buse oI the child 2. buse oI the child
3. Lack oI good school & health care 3. Lack oI good school & health care
4. Uncaring attitudes oI employers 4. Uncaring attitudes oI employers
hat are some solutions to Child Labour? hat are some solutions to Child Labour?
Increase Iamily income. Increase Iamily income.
Education Education- -that helps children learn skills that that helps children learn skills that
will help them earn a living. will help them earn a living.
Social services Social services- - - - that help children and that help children and
Iamilies survive crises, such as disease or loss Iamilies survive crises, such as disease or loss
oI home and shelter. oI home and shelter.
Birth control Birth control - -so that Iamilies are not burdened so that Iamilies are not burdened
by more children. by more children.

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