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Nov 2005

doc.: IEEE 802.11-05/1198r0

TGT Power and EVM measurements
Authors:
Name
Uriel Lemberger Alexander Tolpin Neeraj Sharma Nir Alon

Date: Sept 20, 2005
Company Address
Intel Intel Intel Intel
PO Box 1659, Matam Industrial Park, Haifa 31015 Israel PO Box 1659, Matam Industrial Park, Haifa 31015 Israel 13290 Evening Creek Dr, San Diego CA 92128 PO Box 1659, Matam Industrial Park, Haifa 31015 Israel

Phone

email
uriel.lemberger@intel.com

+972-4-865-5701

+972-4-865-5430 (858) 385-4112 +972-4-865-6621

alexander.tolpin@intel.com

neeraj.k.sharma@intel.com
nir.alon@intel.com

Notice: This document has been prepared to assist IEEE 802.11. It is offered as a basis for discussion and is not binding on the contributing individual(s) or organization(s). The material in this document is subject to change in form and content after further study. The contributor(s) reserve(s) the right to add, amend or withdraw material contained herein. Release: The contributor grants a free, irrevocable license to the IEEE to incorporate material contained in this contribution, and any modifications thereof, in the creation of an IEEE Standards publication; to copyright in the IEEE¶s name any IEEE Standards publication even though it may include portions of this contribution; and at the IEEE¶s sole discretion to permit others to reproduce in whole or in part the resulting IEEE Standards publication. The contributor also acknowledges and accepts that this contribution may be made public by IEEE 802.11. Patent Policy and Procedures: The contributor is familiar with the IEEE 802 Patent Policy and Procedures <http:// ieee802.org/guides/bylaws/sb-bylaws.pdf>, including the statement
"IEEE standards may include the known use of patent(s), including patent applications, provided the IEEE receives assurance from the patent holder or applicant with respect to patents essential for compliance with both mandatory and optional portions of the standard." Early disclosure to the Working Group of patent information that might be relevant to the standard is essential to reduce the possibility for delays in the development process and increase the likelihood that the draft publication will be approved for publication. Please notify the Chair <stuart.kerry@philips.com> as early as possible, in written or electronic form, if patented technology (or technology under patent application) might be incorporated into a draft standard being developed within the IEEE 802.11 Working Group. If you have questions, contact the IEEE Patent Committee Administrator at <patcom@ieee.org>.

Submission

Slide 1

Uriel Lemberger, Intel

Nov 2005

doc.: IEEE 802.11-05/1198r0

Abstract
This document introduces the description of transmit power measurement and Transmit EVM measurements in Conductive Test Environment as a part of Recommended Practice for the Evaluation of 802.11 Wireless Performance. We are seeking to get feedback from TGT group on ³work under progress´ in this direction.

Submission

Slide 2

Uriel Lemberger, Intel

Nov 2005

doc.: IEEE 802.11-05/1198r0

Summary

‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡

Purpose Test Equipment Transmit power measurement Transmit EVM measurement Conclusion

Submission

Slide

Uriel Lemberger, Intel

Nov 2005

doc.: IEEE 802.11-05/1198r0

Purpose of Power and EVM measurements
‡ Provide calibrated Tx level which is required for many tests.
± for e ample, TPT vs. ttenuation requires the knowledge of T power to correctly correlate the TPT to the R signal level.

‡ Provide TX EVM which can effect TPT performance tests.
± for e ample, TPT can degrade when TX EV is low.

Submission

Slide

Uriel Lemberger, Intel

Nov 2005

doc.: IEEE 802.11-05/1198r0

Main Test Equipment
‡ ‡ ‡ DUT ± any wireless 802.11 device (AP or Client) that includes relevant SW running on the specific platform WLCP (WireLess CounterPart) - reference AP or a reference Client. Optional Shielded enclosure for DUTs and WLCPs in order to isolate from extraneous signals
± Usually not required since the measured signal is much stronger than any possible interferer. It is commonly used with other tests that requires shielding.

‡

Cables
± RF-cables ± connected to antenna connectors. cables ± Wired L ± Control cables

‡

Attenuators ± to close the RF link.

Submission

Slide 5

Uriel Lemberger, Intel

Nov 2005

doc.: IEEE 802.11-05/1198r0

Main Test Equipment (cont.)
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Power Meter Device ± to measure RF signal power per packet. Alternative options will be presented in this document. Calibrated combiners, splitters and couplers ± to handle different RF path, including antennas entries. Wired Traffic Generator to generate data traffic from DUT to WLCP on top of layer 2. Optional - Wired Traffic Analyzer to gather delivered data payload over time through wired interface on top of layer 2.

Submission

Slide

Uriel Lemberger, Intel

Nov 2005

doc.: IEEE 802.11-05/1198r0

Main Test Equipment (cont.)
Test controller Includes the following capabilities, likely automated and controlled by dedicated SW:
± The ability to control TX rates and TX power of UT ± The ability to control power meter. ± The ability to control Wired Traffic Generator. ± ptional - The ability to control Wired Traffic nalyzer ± ptional - The ability to control attenuators

Submission

Slide

Uriel Lemberger, Intel

Nov 2005

doc.: IEEE 802.11-05/1198r0

Important Notes
‡ The power measurement and EVM can be performed on any output port of any 802.11 component in the network. ‡ It is not required to have continuous transmission. The power measuring techniques presented later should have triggering mechanism that starts measuring the power only when the signal ramps and stops when there is no signal, so that duty cycle averaging won¶t effect the measurement.

Submission

Slide 8

Uriel Lemberger, Intel

Nov 2005

doc.: IEEE 802.11-05/1198r0

TX Power measurement techniques for WLAN

Submission

Slide

Uriel Lemberger, Intel

Nov 2005

doc.: IEEE 802.11-05/1198r0

TX Power measurement techniques for WLAN
‡ Power meter approach ‡ Spectrum Analyzer approach
e tracted from doc doc.: IEEE 802.11-04/0935r4

‡ VSA (Receiver) approach

Submission

Slide 10

Uriel Lemberger, Intel

Nov 2005

doc.: IEEE 802.11-05/1198r0

Spectrum Analyzer approach
extracted from doc doc.: IEEE 802.11-0 /0 5r

Submission

-

Slide 11

Uriel Lemberger, Intel

Nov 2005

doc.: IEEE 802.11-05/1198r0

VSA approach

Submission

Slide 12

Uriel Lemberger, Intel

Nov 2005 TX Power Test setup

doc.: IEEE 802.11-05/1198r0

Submission

Slide 1

Uriel Lemberger, Intel

Nov 2005

doc.: IEEE 802.11-05/1198r0

VSA approach
‡ What is measured. ‡ How it is measured. ‡ Freq domain measurement
± Integration of spectral density over W± recommended.

‡ Time domain measurement
± not recommended, sensitive to window size errors.

Submission

Slide 1

Uriel Lemberger, Intel

Nov 2005

doc.: IEEE 802.11-05/1198r0

Test procedure example
‡ Set the spectrum window in the VSA at the center of the channel. With span wider than the channel BW. ‡ Set the power measurement boundaries +/-BW/2 around the center. ‡ Set the Receiver range to be linear (for the expected TX power). ‡ Coupling AC 50ohm ‡ Trigger on IF pos slop ‡ Resolution Bandwidth = 23.87kHz ‡ Windowing type Flat top. ‡ Time 90% overlap with average off. ‡ Synchronize on channel estimation Sequence ‡ Demodulation (DSSS/CCK/OFDM) ‡ Subcarrier select all, spacing 312.5Khz, Symbol timing adjust -3.125%
Submission Slide 15 Uriel Lemberger, Intel

Nov 2005

doc.: IEEE 802.11-05/1198r0

Calibration
‡ TBD

Submission

Slide 1

Uriel Lemberger, Intel

Nov 2005

doc.: IEEE 802.11-05/1198r0

EVM measurements techniques for WLAN

Submission

Slide 1

Uriel Lemberger, Intel

Nov 2005

doc.: IEEE 802.11-05/1198r0

EVM Overview
‡ Background
‡ EV ‡ EV ‡ EV ‡ EV IEEE minimal performance specification ± F Test setup lock diagram test definition from IEEE 802.11 clause 1 . . . test procedure e ample.

‡ EVM Test
‡ Calibration ‡ Results E ample

Submission

Slide 18

Uriel Lemberger, Intel

Nov 2005

doc.: IEEE 802.11-05/1198r0

EVM (OFDM)
17.3.9.6.3 Transmitter constellation error
The relative constellation R S error, averaged over subcarriers, F frames, and packets, shall not e ceed a data-rate dependent value according to Table 0.

Table 90²Allowed relative constellation error versus data rate

Submission

Slide 1

Uriel Lemberger, Intel

Nov 2005 TX EVM Test setup

doc.: IEEE 802.11-05/1198r0

Submission

Slide 20

Uriel Lemberger, Intel

Nov 2005

doc.: IEEE 802.11-05/1198r0

17.3.9.7 Transmit modulation accuracy test
The sampled signal shall be processed in a manner similar to an actual receiver, according to the following steps, or an equivalent procedure: a) Start of frame shall be detected. b) Transition from short sequences to channel estimation sequences shall be detected, and fine timing (with one sample resolution) shall be established. c) Coarse and fine frequency offsets shall be estimated. d) The packet shall be derotated according to estimated frequency offset. e) The comple channel response coefficients shall be estimated for each of the subcarriers. symbols: transform the symbol into subcarrier received values, estimate f) For each of the data F the phase from the pilot subcarriers, derotate the subcarrier values according to estimated phase, and divide each subcarrier value with a comple estimated channel response coefficient. g) For each data-carrying subcarrier, find the closest constellation point and compute the Euclidean distance from it. h) Compute the R S average of all errors in a packet. It is given by: (28) where LP is the length of the packet; Nf is the number of frames for the measurement; (I0(i,j,k), Q0(i,j,k)) denotes the ideal symbol point of the ith frame, jth F symbol of the symbol in the comple plane; frame, kth subcarrier of the F (I(i,j,k), Q(i,j,k)) denotes the observed point of the ith frame, jth F symbol of the frame, kth subcarrier of the F symbol in the comple plane (see Figure 121); P0 is the average power of the constellation. The vector error on a phase plane is shown in Figure 121. The test shall be performed over at least 20 frames (Nf), and the R S average shall be taken. The packets under test shall be at least 1 F symbols long. Random data shall be used for the symbols. Submission Slide 21 Uriel Lemberger, Intel

Nov 2005

doc.: IEEE 802.11-05/1198r0

Equation 28 and figure 121

Submission

Slide 22

Uriel Lemberger, Intel

Nov 2005

doc.: IEEE 802.11-05/1198r0

EVM test procedure example
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Set the spectrum window in the VSA at the center of the channel. With span wider than the channel BW. Set the power measurement boundaries +/-BW/2 around the center. Set the Receiver range to be linear (for the expected TX power). Coupling AC 50ohm Trigger on IF positive slop Resolution Bandwidth = 23.87kHz Windowing type Flat top. Time 90% overlap with average off. Synchronize on channel estimation Sequence Demodulation (DSSS/CCK/OFDM) I/Q normalize Pilot Track Phase & Timing Equalizer training on channel estimation sequence only Subcarrier select all, Spacing 312.5Khz, Symbol timing adjust -3.125%
Slide 2 Uriel Lemberger, Intel

Submission

Nov 2005

doc.: IEEE 802.11-05/1198r0

Calibration
‡ TBD

Submission

Slide 2

Uriel Lemberger, Intel

Nov 2005

doc.: IEEE 802.11-05/1198r0

VSA Approach Results Example

Submission

Slide 25

Uriel Lemberger, Intel

Nov 2005

doc.: IEEE 802.11-05/1198r0

Conclusions
‡ These are Important secondary metrics. ‡ Tx power is required in most tests in order to get correct Signal strength in different location in the Link. ‡ EVM results can help analyze TPT anomalies.
± It is important to verify good TX EV performance of the counterpart. when testing RX

‡ The proposed methodology is applicable for testing in a full system.

Submission

Slide 2

Uriel Lemberger, Intel

Nov 2005

doc.: IEEE 802.11-05/1198r0

References

‡ [1] IEEE 802.11-1999, P802.11a -1999, P802.11b -1999 ‡ [2] IEEE 802.11-05/0661r0 TGT Conductive Test Environment and Metrics. Alexander Tolpin. ‡ [3]P802.11.2-D0.4 - Draft Recommended Practice for the Evaluation of 802.11 Wireless Performance

Submission

Slide 2

Uriel Lemberger, Intel