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to Western Vic Presbytery¶s

Introduction to the Sacraments
led by

Rev Jen Pretty
Presbytery Minister: Mission and Education

STORY Never Too Little to Love
Jeanne Willis & Jan Fearnley

to Western Vic Presbytery¶s

Introduction to the Sacraments
led by

Rev Jen Pretty
Presbytery Minister: Mission and Education

Leader :

God of refreshment We thank you for the night¶s sleep and our safe journey here. Thank you for new learnings, and this opportunity to be together. Be present in our explorations today. Deepen our insights and help us to respect and treasure the life and gifts of each person in whom we see your love mirrored.

Lord God. .ALL : We commit the coming day and our conversations to you. We open our hearts and minds to you and to each other. We commit to working together in the love of Jesus Christ that binds and liberates. in the full expectation of being inspired by your Holy Spirit. Amen.

Lay Presidency at the Sacraments .

Why Lay Presidency? ‡ Normally only Ministers preside ± link between Word and Sacrament ± need for those who preach to be properly trained ± not matter of privilege ‡ Lay Presidency for pastoral reasons. where people would be deprived of sacraments if they had to wait for a minister to be available ‡ Sacraments given to people of God as community of faith ± absence of minister does not mean Christ is not present! .

Link with the community ‡ Ignatius of Antioch. 110CE ± bishop or one appointed by him presides ‡ Essential link between leader and community because the Eucharist is a celebration of the community ‡ But by mediaeval times. this link was overshadowed by the awesome power of the priest .

Fears about lay presidency ‡ That things might get out of hand ‡ That things might not be done in accord with UCA polity: sacraments of the whole universal church. so UCA is careful not to celebrate them in a highly individualistic or different way ± need to bear witness to the continuity with the apostles and unity with world-wide church ‡ That there might be unorthodox theology ‡ Each of these can be addressed by careful selection of gifted people and appropriate training and oversight .

 In what situations might you expect a lay person to preside?  To whom is a lay presider responsible ? .

What is a Sacrament ?  After a few moments to reflect. a door to the sacred." ‡ A RECENT INTERPRETATION : A Sacrament is the encounter with God when something of the material world becomes a conduit. share with your neighbour what your understanding of a sacrament is. ‡ TRADITIONAL UNDERSTANDING : Augustine of Hippo defined a Christian sacrament as "a visible sign of an invisible reality. .

What is a sacrament in the UCA? ‡ a visible act ‡ that proclaims the Gospel ‡ as commanded by Christ ‡ in obedience to Christ ‡ through which Christ acts ‡ by the gift of the Spirit ‡ in accordance with the promise therein .

a visible act ‡ Sacraments are ³visible words´ Words alone do not exhaust all the ways we experience the Gospel ‡ Symbols do what words cannot do They bring us into touch with realities that are at once familiar and mysterious ‡ We touch a mystery ± something more than abstract ideas .

Keeping in mind both Baptism & Eucharist  How important are the sacraments to you?  In what ways do the sacraments help you in your life of faith?  What signs were used in a sacrament in which you were involved recently?  How did the signs speak to you? .

Mat.that proclaims the Gospel ‡ The Uniting Church has two sacraments which are based on Scripture ‡ BAPTISM see Mark 1:9-11.28:16-20 ‡ EUCHARIST: see 1 Corinthians 11 and accounts of the Last Supper & stories of Jesus feeding the crowds .

but we can pay attention to the way we communicate the significance of the signs we use . .through which Christ acts ‡ ³efficacious´ ± they have an effect on the lives of those who participate Note: because Christ has already acted in our baptism. we do not re-baptise ‡ ³We cannot create faith.e. . we can let the central things stand forth in greater clarity´ i. it is important how we preside  talk together about this statement .

according to the promises Sacraments are witness to God¶s faithfulness ± God acts before we respond ± hence infant baptism ± ³we love because God first loves us´. Sacrament means an oath ± God¶s promise .

‡ God comes to human beings personally by the power of the Holy Spirit in the concrete. . worldly media of spoken word and enacted sacrament.‡ The sacraments are celebrated in Christ and re-present Christ.

Four functions of sacraments ‡ Conveying of grace ‡ Strengthening of faith ‡ Enhancement of unity ‡ Reassurance of God¶s promises  What does this mean for you? .

THE EUCHARIST the names we use: Lord¶s supper Eucharist Holy Communion  from your reading. what are the different emphases of these names .

the Lord¶s Supper is a deeply Trinitarian celebration.‡ Whatever name it is called. thanksgiving is given to God through Christ in the Spirit. . ‡ In the whole action.

‡ a meal of communion with the crucified and living Christ who is God¶s gift to the world.‡ It is a meal of thanksgiving to God for the gifts of creation and redemption. .

‡ when God¶s liberating and reconciling activity will be completed. Migliore Faith Seeking Understanding .‡ and a meal of joy and hope in the power of the Spirit who gives us new life ‡ and provides a foretaste of the great messianic banquet of the end time. Daniel L.

Meaning of the Eucharist: (Basis of Union) ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Sign of Christ¶s continuing presence Christ feeding us on the way Communion with Christ Sacrifice of praise and thanksgiving Proclaiming Christ¶s death and resurrection ‡ Growing together in Christ ‡ Strengthened for participation in Christ¶s mission ‡ Rejoice in foretaste of God¶s kingdom .

talk about two or three of these understandings of Eucharist which are particularly meaningful to you. In groups of three.  Think of a service of Holy Communion in which you participated recently : what made it significant for you ? who was included ? what message did your own inclusion give to you ?  Are there things which hinder you when you participate in the Lord¶s Supper ? .

Video Clip a short slideshow about the Eucharist. intended for catholic groups .

A gift from God Thanksgiving to God Memorial to Christ (anamnesis) Invocation of the Holy Spirit (epiclesis) Communion of the faithful The meal of God¶s reign ii. . vi. iii.What makes a meal a Eucharist? i. v. iv.

 How would you explain each of these points to a child ? .

authorisation is at the discretion of the Pastoral Relations Committee of the Presbytery. ‡ The first is that an individual may not seek authorisation on their own behalf.Limitations ‡ It is vital that we understand two things about the authorisation process. ‡ Secondly. . ‡ A request for authorisation must derive from the Church Council (or other relevant leadership group) for the congregation or faith community in which the person is to undertake sacramental ministry.

Limitations ‡ Completion of this course does not guarantee that a participant will be authorised as a Lay Presider. Presbytery will also take into consideration the pastoral gifts and calling of the person. as well as the context in which the person would be ministering. ‡ While Presbytery sees completion of this course as appropriate preparation for a prospective Lay Presider. .

EUCHARISTIC SYMBOLS ‡ BREAD nourishment ‡ WINE celebration life-blood = self .

Practicalities: How would you set the table ? What else would you have on the table? Gestures? Voice? How will people be served? What about food allergies? .

on the way to our promised inheritance. Christ feeds us along the way ‡ Faithful discipleship involves a willingness to µstand up and be counted¶ If coming forward. consider how you will serve those who are disabled .Practicalities: How will people receive the elements? Coming forward to the Table ‡ We are a pilgrim people.

as the servant Lord attends to needs of others ³Windows on Worship´ gives details of different ways to serve .Practicalities: How will people receive the elements? Remaining seated in the pews ‡ Serving one another is a symbolic expression of our corporate sharing in the priesthood of Christ ‡ We are offering Christ to our neighbour when we serve them ‡ Serving neighbour before self .

Practicalities: gestures. voice and movement All of these must add rather than distract from the sacrament itself Handling the symbols: with respect.prayer to God or story re-membered Posture & simple movement may add to the sense of sacred . using big gestures in large space Be clear who you are speaking with .

large enough to be generous! Keep whole slice for breaking Common cup.Practicalities: bread & wine If loaf. need cloth to wipe between each Wine or grape juice (what is Church Council¶s policy?) . small glasses or intincture? If common cup. soft crust. and may be µforked¶ in bottom of loaf to assist breaking Allergies? Bread may need to be gluten free If using small squares.

‡ Who can receive Eucharist? UCA invites ³all who love the Lord´. . . parents or church should explain as much as possible.Also regarding Eucharist . ‡ Children welcome ± parents decide if they should receive. ‡ Dress: may wear alb & blue scarf ± why ? .

Uniting in Worship Service for Holy Communion ‡ Lay presiders must use one of the Holy Communion orders of service from Uniting in Worship. ‡ Service of the Lord¶s Day 1 or ‡ Service of the Lord¶s Day 2  Why do you think this is required? .

Uniting in Worship 2 ‡ The Peace ‡ Hymn ‡  Setting the Table ‡ Invitation ‡ Prayer of Approach ‡  Great prayer of Thanksgiving ‡ Narrative of the Institution of the Lord¶s Supper ‡ The Lord¶s Prayer ‡  The breaking of bread ‡ Lamb of God ‡  The Communion (eating and drinking) ‡ Prayer of thanks after communion  these elements are non-optional .

Theologies of ³Real Presence´ ‡ Transubstantiation: (Roman Catholic) By the power of God. with and under the elements as fire permeates and envelopes glowing embers ‡ Reformed view: (Calvin etc) Christ really present. but received through faith through the power of the Holy Spirit ‡ Memorialist: (NOT regarded as µreal presence¶) lively or vivid memory replaces the idea of real presence ± a reminder of what Christ did . but Christ is present in. the bread and wine are transformed into the actual body and blood of Christ [more recent RC theology Transignification] ‡ Consubstantiation: (Lutheran) Elements don¶t actually change.

When we affirm the ³real presence´ of Jesus in the bread and wine. what do we mean by ³presence´ and ³real´ ? .

³Presence´ ‡ Local Presence ± Presence in a particular place ‡ Temporal Presence ± Presence at a particular time or moment ‡ Personal Presence ± A presence in which a communication takes place between two persons ± Does not necessarily require a meeting in time and space .

³Presence´ ‡ The multiple presence of Christ in the Eucharist: ± There is a gospel reading. so Christ is present in the community ± After the words of institution. Christ is present in the bread and wine ‡ Christ¶s presence in the Eucharist is a personal presence which may be focused in the bread and wine but is not localized to the bread and wine . so Christ is present in the Word ± Eucharistic community is made one body with Christ.

³Real´ ‡ Physical Reality ± A thing is what it is because of its atomic and molecular structure ± No one claims that the molecular structure of bread and wine are changed to the molecular structure of flesh and blood ± Jesus is not ³really present´ in the sense of ³physically really´ ³present´ .

Purpose .³Real´ ‡ Non-physical Reality = ³Metaphysical´ Reality ± The ³World of Ideas´ ± Love ± ³Good´ and ³Evil´ ± Mathematics ± Meaning.

Code of ethics: was not written for Lay Presiders .but recognize that when you preside. You may even be tempted to think you are better than others! DON¶T BE AFRAID TO ASK FOR HELP! . because the church has authorised you. you might feel quite inadequate! But being in this position gives you power / authority. or feel you are better than them. Others may even feel jealous. You may not feel at all powerful! In fact. others may see you differently.

« learning by doing « .