Selenium ± Testing Tool

What is Selenium?
‡ Selenium is a robust set of tools that supports rapid
development of test automation for web-based applications. ‡ Works anywhere JavaScript is supported ‡ Hooks for many other languages - Java, Ruby, Python ‡ Can simulate a user navigating through pages and then assert for specific marks on the pages ‡ All you need to really know is HTML to start using it right away

‡ You can use open source - Selenium tool ‡ Selenium IDE is a plug-in to Firefox to record and playback tests (like WinRunner, QTP). ‡ You can then export the recorded test in most language e.g. HTML, Java , .NET , Perl , Ruby etc. ‡ The exported test can be run in any browser and any platform using "selenium remote control".

Where to get it? You can use Selenium-Core and customize everything . You can record how an app is being used and then playback those recordings followed by asserts.openqa. Get everything at: www. But it is easier to just get a Firefox plug-in Selenium-IDE that helps you record test Cases.

Selenium Components .

Selenium-IDE ‡ Integrated Development Environment for building Selenium test cases. which will keep account of user actions as they are performed and store them as a reusable script to play back. ‡ Selenium-IDE has a recording feature. ‡ It also has a context menu (right-click) integrated with the Firefox browser. ‡ Although it is a Firefox only add-on. tests created in it can also be run against other browsers by using Selenium-RC & specifying the name of the test suite on the command line. which allows the user to pick from a list of assertions and verifications for the selected location. ‡ Offers full editing of test cases. ‡ Operates as a Firefox add-on and provides an interface for developing and running individual test cases or entire test suites. .

C#.Selenium-RC (Remote Control) ‡ Selenium-RC provides an API (Application Programming Interface) and library for each of its supported languages: HTML. Java. PHP. . ‡ This ability to use Selenium-RC with a high-level programming language to develop test cases also allows the automated testing to be integrated with a project¶s automated build environment. and Ruby. Python. Perl.

When tests are sent to the hub they are then redirected to an available Selenium-RC. . with the entire test suite theoretically taking only as long to run as the longest individual test. each of these when launching register with a hub. ‡ With Selenium-Grid multiple instances of Selenium-RC are running on various operating system and browser configurations.Selenium-Grid Selenium-Grid allows the Selenium-RC solution to scale for test suites or test suites to be run in multiple environments. which will launch the browser and run the test. ‡ This allows for running tests in parallel.

which you can play back in the browser. typing. saving you time by running tests in parallel. Selenium Remote Control (RC) runs your tests in multiple browsers and platforms.Steps to start with Selenium! 1) Begin: write and run tests in Firefox. and other actions to make a test. Tweak your tests in your preferred language. 2) Customize: your language. Selenium IDE is a Firefox add-on that records clicks. . speed up Selenium Grid extends Selenium RC to distribute your tests across multiple servers. 3) Deploy: scale out. your browser.

run tests playback tests Under development Start browser.Supported Browsers * Tests developed on Firefox via Selenium-IDE can be executed on any other supported Selenium-IDE Selenium-RC Operating Systems Windows. run tests Start browser. Linux. Linux. run tests Start browser. run tests Start browser. Linux. Mac Windows. Mac Windows As applicable browser via a simple Selenium-RC command line. Browser Firefox 3 Firefox 2 IE 8 IE 7 Safari 3 Safari 2 Opera 9 Opera 8 Google Chrome Others Test execution only via Selenium-RC Test execution only via Selenium-RC Test execution only via Selenium-RC Test execution only via Selenium-RC Test execution only via Selenium-RC Test execution only via Selenium-RC(Windows) Test execution only via Selenium-RC 1. Mac Windows Windows Mac Mac Windows. run tests Record and playback tests 1. Linux.0 Beta-1 & 1.0 Beta-2: Start browser. Mac Windows. run tests Start browser.0 Beta-1: Record and Start browser. run tests Start browser. run tests Partial support possible .

2) Accessors examine the state of the application and store the results in variables. ‡ Can be called with ³AndWait´ suffix. ³verify that this checkbox is checked´. e. ³clickAndWait´. ³verify´. . you can ³assertText´. e.Selenium Commands ± Selenese 1) Actions are commands that generally manipulate the state of the application. ‡ They are also used to automatically generate Assertions. 3) Assertions are like Accessors. and ´ waitFor´. For example. Eg. ³make sure the page title is X´. ³storeTitle´.g.g. They do things like ³click this link´ and ³select that option´. ‡ All Selenium Assertions can be used in 3 modes: ³assert´. ³verifyText´ and ³waitForText´. but verify that the state of the application conforms to what is expected.

Selenium IDE The list of actions in the actual test case to execute The root of web application you want to test The log of the events that were executed. including any errors or warning that may have occurred .

including asserts .Selenium IDE Execution Commands Record test actions Try the test in the Web based TestRunner Reference of the currently selected command Specify commands.

Test Suite Execution Control Test Cases Steps of the test case Application being tested .

TestRunner Control .

Run Selected Test TestRunner Control Pause/Play Execution Step through Execution Run All Tests Control Speed of Execution Highlight Elements in the Execution Summary of the Test View the DOM of the current Page being tested View the log of the current execution .

roosterit.Test Creation Demo in .

com/ Click on Tools || Selenium IDE .roosterit.Login to http://test.

Selenium IDE in recording Mode .

Add Consultant Details .

Click On Submit .

Inserted Successfully .

Selenium IDE records the Test Steps Stop Recording .

Save Test Case/Test Suite .

Make the required changes to the Test Case change Click to clickAndWait command .

Make the required changes to the Test Case ± change the email id in the second parameter Make other changes .

Second Test Case: searchConsultant 1) Record 2) Stop Recording 3) Save with a Name 4) Make Required Changes to parameters or Commands 5) Play .

Run the entire Test Suite/Each Test Case See RESULT Here .

Test Suite on Firefox .

addConsultant Test Case .

Changes made to addConsultant Test Case .

searchConsultant Test Case .

Test Case Saved in HTML Tabular Format .

w3. charset=UTF-8" http-equiv="content-type" /> <title>Test Suite</title> </head> <body> <table id="suiteTable" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" border="1" class="selenium"> <tbody> <tr><td><b>Test Suite</b></td></tr> <tr><td><a href="addConsultant.w3.html">addConsultant</a></td></tr> <tr><td><a href="searchConsultant">searchConsultant</a></td></tr> </tbody> </table> </body> </html> .org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.Creating a Test Suite A Test Suite in Selenium is just an HTML file that contains a table of links to tests <?xml version="1.0 Strict//EN" "" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> <head> <meta content="text/html.dtd"> <html xmlns="http://www.

TestRunner Demo Execute Tests created inside the Firefox TestRunner. .

addConsultant TestRunner Mode .

searchConsultant in Execution Mode .TestRunner .

Questions? .

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