A PROJECT ON ³DESIGN AND PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF MECHANICALLY DRIVEN DIAPHRAGM PUMP´

PREPARED BY:DEEPAK M. BHATIA AVINASH PAL ANUJ CHOWDHRY

proportioning or chemical-injection pump. ‡ The diaphragm is moved back and forth by a reciprocating mechanism.e. . ‡ The eccentric drive is there which gives more fluctuation i. it gives jerks which affects the flow.ABSTRACT ‡ It¶s a Metering Pump. that displaces a predetermined volume of liquid in a specific period. DEFINITION WORKING ‡ A diaphragm pump is a device that uses an elastomeric part (diaphragm) to transport a fluid. at the end of stroke. ‡ This pump is a positive displacement machine. if is also known as a controlled-volume.

the USA started an extensive program to help synthetic elastomer achieve a worldwide breakthrough. 2) Uses a combination of the reciprocating action of a rubber or Teflon diaphragm and suitable non-return check valves to pump a fluid. new technical possibilities eventually opened up for the design and use of diaphragm pumps . 3) Later. 2) It is used to move liquids from lower pressure to higher pressure.INTRODUCTION  HISTORY:1) In the 1940s.  PUMPS:1) A pump is a device used to move liquids or slurries.000 bar. . 2) Using high-quality elastomer materials.  DIAPHRAGM PUMPS:1) It¶s a diaphragm pump is a positive displacement pump. hydraulically driven diaphragm compressors came onto the market that were able to produce high pressures of up to 4.

but differs that the prime mover of the diaphragm is neither oil nor air. . and the other in air or hydraulic fluid. but is electro-mechanical working through a crank/ geared motor drive. 2) The second type of diaphragm pump works with volumetric positive displacement. 3) The third type of diaphragm pump has one or more unsealed diaphragms with the fluid to be pumped on both sides. TYPES OF DIAPHRAGM PUMP:1) In the first type. the diaphragm is sealed with one side in the fluid to be pumped.

‡ Drive and shaft support being more robustly constructed. ‡ Stiffer diaphragms and the use of diaphragm supports. ‡ Low rotational speeds.  Are also used for siphoning off liquids or air-liquid mixtures. ‡ Lower compression ratios. evacuating and compressing gases.HIGH-SPEED LIQUID DIAPHRAGM PUMPS A special type of pump based on the technology of diaphragm pump. . FEATURES ‡ Small Diaphragm Strokes.  Employs a mechanical drive for transferring.

WORKING .

and compresses completely oil free.DESIGN. Smooth running. 100% maintenance free. ‡ The compression chamber is hermetically sealed from the drive mechanism by the diaphragm. FUNCTION AND PROPERTIES OF DIAPHRAGM PUMPS ‡ An elastomer diaphragm is moved up and down by an eccentric. no pollution of the media. evacuates. PRINCIPLE FEATURES ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Uncontaminated transfer. ‡ The pump transfers. Easy installation. . Compact design.

1) Elastic Diaphragm 2) Pump Head 3) The Housing 4) The Connecting Rod 5) Clearance 6) The Diaphragm Fixing Screw 7) Transfer Compartment 8) Outlet Pressure Valve 9) Inlet Pressure Valve .

OPERATION OF A LIQUID DIAPHRAGM PUMP .

CRITERIA FOR SELECTION OF PUMP          Type of gas Required pneumatic performance Gas temperature Temperature of the surroundings Other conditions related to the surroundings Type of motor Possible constructional parameters Mounting position and orientation Operating conditions .

Control volume = /4 * D2 * L . Chamber diameter D = 3d 3). Eccentricity e = l/2 5). Chamber depth l = L/2 + 4 mm clearance 4). Discharge Discharge= Area * stroke length *speed Qmax = /4 * d2 * L * Nmax 2).DESIGN OF DIAPHRAGM Control Parameters: Maximum speed Nmax= 250 rpm Diameter to stroke ratio = D/L = 2 Maximum diameter D = 3d Design Parameters: 1).

MODEL PERFORMANCE CURVE Discharge.995 105.05 155. Speed 4 3. 2. 1.5 2 1.245 105. 0.5 0 0 50 100 150 speed (rpm) 200 250 50.Qth Vs. 2.5 Discharge. 1. 1.75 275. 2.094 50.75 2.643 20. 1 185. 1.5 1 0.281 185.351 85.5 2 1. 3. 1.257 0 50 100 150 Speed (rpm) 200 250 300 3 2.2 85.6 20. 0.5 3 Discharge.5 1 0. 3. 2.38 155. 0.Qth (lpm) discharge (lpm) 3. 0.9 255.Qact s Speed 275.54 255.5 0 300 .

it has High gas tightness capacity. it is noted that actual discharge deviates more and more from theoretical discharge as the speed increases.  A major advantage of diaphragm pumps is that the pumped liquid does not come into contact with most of the working parts of the pump.  Also the eccentric drive is there which gives more fluctuation. this means slip increases rapidly with higher speed. is highly reliable etc. .  The diaphragm pump offers further advantages over oil-lubricated pumps such as it is an Oil free pump.CONCLUSION  From the graph of discharge versus speed curve.

for analytical technology . a piezo electrically actuated miniature pump is being developed under a NASA Code S PIDDP task. Following is the micro pump concept.g. To address such needs.e. Figure 24: Micro diaphragm gas sampling pump e. micro pump which will be useful for space and medical application.FUTURE SCOPES  Principle of diaphragm pump can be used to make miniature pump i.  There is a range of NASA experiments. instruments and applications where miniature pumps are needed.

ebookworld. Held.com  www. CHARLES C.pumps_in_stack.syudentshangout.com/diaphragm_pump_design.positivemetering.howstuffworks. Chopey  Pumps & Pumping operation by Nicholas P.com . JOSEPH P.html  www.com  www.REFERENCES Books  Pump Handbook-Igor J. Messina. Pawl  Metering pump handbook by Robert E. McCabe  Pumping and Processing principle & practice  Fluid Movers  Water well and pump Engineering by A M Michael & S D Khepar Websites  www.  Material selection in mechanical design-Michael & Ash  Fluid Movers by Nicholas P. Paul Cooper.wikipedia.knf.com  www.com  www.com  www. Karassik.

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