Education in Pakistan

M.Noman Munawar

Contents
PART - I Definition of Education Constitution of Pakistan PART II

Education Scenario Education Policy

2

that education is merely the delivery of knowledge. is inadequate to capture what is really important about being and becoming educated.Definition of Education The definition of education in common usage. 3 . skills and information from teachers to students.

The proper definition of education is the process of becoming an educated person. 4 . Being an educated person means you have access to optimal states of mind regardless of the situation you are in.

Constitution of Pakistan 5 .

1973 ± Article 37-b ³The State shall remove illiteracy and provide free and compulsory secondary education within minimum possible period´ 6 .Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.

Concurrent Legislative List: Curriculum. policy. syllabus. standard of education & Islamic education 7 . planning. centers of excellence.

PART ² II EDUCATION SCENARIO 8 .

Human Development Index Country Ranking 2005 2006 2007 Iran Sri Lanka Maldives India Bhutan Pakistan Nepal 99 93 96 127 134 135 136 96 93 98 126 135 134 137 138 94 99 100 128 133 136 140 142 (out of 177 countries) Bangladesh 139 9 .

Literacy Rates Literacy Definition (As in 1998 Census) ³The ability of a person who can read a newspaper and write a simple letter in any language´ 10 .

Literacy Rates ‡ PAKISTAN = 55 % (Male = 67 %.2% 57.Female = 42%) Province Literacy Rate ‡ Punjab= ‡ Sindh = ‡ NWFP = ‡ Balochistan = 11 60.7% 49.9% 48.8% .

Educational Institutions by Level Level Pre-primary Mosque school Primary Middle Secondary British System NFBE Inter & Degree Colleges Total 1.008 1.882 116 1257 3.241 879 151.025 59 426 916 354 Private 794 88 16.831 1.143 11.823 857 57 831 2.081 14.334 10.153 Public 287 14.540 270 2.019 .77(67%) 76.115 14.120 227.823 24.791 2.349 38.550 11 2.526 14.035 105.090 281 4.123 122.799 Universities Technical/ Professional Vocational Deeni Madaris 12 Others TOTAL 3.449 25.059 12.

744 Urdu 14806 English Sindhi 2277 3416 Others 22779 12.521 9.384 Private 76.791 151.347 21.035 33.886 13 .047 43.Institutions by Medium of Instruction Type # of Institutions Total Public 227.139 103.29 3.186 3.

EDUCATION POLICY OF PAKISTAN 14 .

Challenges Weakened Governance î Fragmentation î Lack of Clarity in Inter-Tier Relationships Poor Quality of Teachers & Managers Quality of curriculum. textbooks & exams Low level of literacy Out of school children Dropouts 15 .

Challenges Public Private Partnership In-adequate financing Gender Equity Poor monitoring & evaluation Imbalance in primary. middle & secondary schools Inconvenient school location 16 .

Management and Implementation Capacity Donor Harmonisation Overcoming Fragmented Governance 17 .SALIENT FEATURES OF NATIONAL EDUCATION PLAN Universal and Free Primary and Secondary Education Promotion of Equity Minimum National Standards Relevance to Labour Market Sector Planning Financial allocation of 7% of GDP by 2018 Encourage Private sector Link Allocations to Definition of Free Education Improve Planning.

Achieve the MDG goals. High priority to reducing drop out rates Improved school environment Career Counselling at higher secondary level Develop national literacy curriculum Enhance qualifications for employment as teachers 18 .SALIENT FEATURES OF NATIONAL EDUCATION PLAN Bridging the Public Private Divide Improved Examination System Introduction of Early Childhood Education (3-5 years) & inclusive education. All Primary schools shall be upgraded to Middle level Well developed plan for expanding school facilities.

SALIENT FEATURES OF NATIONAL EDUCATION PLAN Pre-service & in-service teacher training Accreditation and certification of teachers Merit based teacher recruitment. professional development. promotions & postings Curriculum development Competitive publishing of textbooks and learning materials District Education Boards to be established for managing schools Separate management & academic cadres 19 .

00 170.670 71.436 4. Establishment of Cadet College Zhob at Qilla Saifullah 20 1449.150. Establishment of 82. Ministry of Education 2.510 84.000 800.000 Continue« . Science Education Project (Phase-II) ADB assisted FCU e.530 50. in million) Development Total 3. Major Projects under Ministry of Education a. Higher Education Commission 1.045.426 7.608 (Rs.122.044 3.000 Community Schools in Pakistan AJK and FATA d.104.824. National Education Assessment System (NEAS) f. Madaris Reforms (Teaching of formal subjects in Madaris) b.946. Education Sector Reforms Program c.459 9.885 16.Allocation of Funds to Education: Year 2009-10 Non-Development 1.

Establishment of Cadet College Panjgur h.(Rs. Upgradation of FG Elementary Educational Institutions to the level of Islamabad Model Schools j. Upgradation of FG Secondary Educational Institutions to the level of Islamabad Model Colleges i. Establishment of 350 Community Schools in hard to reach areas of FATA (NORAD assisted) 50.329 21 . In million) g.000 45.000 40.000 39.

Future Plans for Education in Pakistan 1. Free Education Upto Matriculation: Matriculation: 3. 2. Grant of Scholarships and Incentives to Girl Students: 5. the community and the State. All need to be mobilized. Provision of Free Textbooks: Textbooks: 4. Availability and Accessibility of Schools Particularly in Rural Areas. 22 Continue« . Tripartite Partnership:  The role of family.

Teacher¶s Status and Recruitment of Female Teachers:  Better status and pay for teachers.6.  Experience has demonstrated that schools with female teachers function well particularly at Primary level. Continue« . Improvement in Learning Environment:  Better infrastructure through School Management Councils. Technical / Vocational Education:  It is important to provide demand related skills. 9. 8. Instructional Methods: 23  Emphasis must be given on development of analytical faculties of the students. 7.

24 . 11. 10. 11. Teachers¶ Training and Knowledge: Knowledge:  To improve teachers¶ knowledge of the subject and equip them with a wide repertoire of teaching skills.10. English Language: Language:  Introduction of English from Class ± I.  Future policy reforms will emphasize the teaching of science subjects in English at public secondary schools.

Thank You All 25 .

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