Scientific, systemic inquiry about the ultimate reality in the universe, it the basis for understanding the man




# . ‡ Idolises µ Mind and Self¶ ‡ Believes man is a combination of Spritual and material aspect of which spiritual aspect is more real and important.MEANING ‡ Greek word ³IDEN´ means µTO SEE¶.

is an account of man finding himself as an integral part of a universe of mind.´ # . then.DEFINTION ‡ According to Horne: ³An idealistic philosophy of education.

DEFINITION ‡ ³Idealism holds that the ultimate reality is spiritualism.´ -D. # .M .Dutta.


T.A Greek Philospher (1724-1804) ‡ Hegel ± A German Philospher (17701831) ‡ Froebel. Harris ± An American Philosopher (1825-1909) # .A German Philoopher(17721852) ‡ William . ‡ Kant.EXPONENTS contd««.

‡ Swami Dayananda.An Indian Philosopher(1861-1941) ‡ Aurobindo Ghosh ± An Indian philisopher (1872-1950) # .An Indian Philosopher(1825-1883) ‡ Rabindranath Tagore.

PLATO ‡Known as the father of idealism ‡Operated a school named the ´Academyµ # .

Plato¶s views toward education The state must take an active role in educational matters. Students with little ability for abstraction should go into the military. business and industry. The curriculum must lead bright students from a concern with concrete data toward abstract thinking. # .

Plato Those who demonstrate proficiency in the dialectic would continue their education and become philosophers in positions of power to lead the state toward the highest good (the Philosopher-King). # . Believed both boys and girls should be educated and girls should be equals.

Self realization main goal of human life. ³Idealism hold that the order of the world is due to the manifestation in space and time of an eternal and spiritual reality ³ .CHIEF ASSERTIONS OF IDEALISM Two forms of real world -Materialistic world -Spiritual world Spiritual world is real and ultimate.Horne # .

´ .Plato # .‡Ideas are more important than the objects : ³Ideas are the ultimate cosmic significance. ther ideas are eternal and unchanging. They are rather the essence or archetype which form to cosmos.

# .‡Idealism believes in universal mind or God The goal of human activities is the Plato realization of the universal mind in his own self. ‡It regards man as a µSpiritual being¶ superior to animals Reality is found in the mind of man in the external world.

e truth.‡Main aim of human life is to achieve spiritual values i. beauty and goodness. # . ‡God is the source of all knowledge and real knowledge is perceived in mind.

‡The world of ideas and values is more important than the world of matter. # . They can neither be created nor be destroyed. Idealism has full faith in eternal values which never change. ‡Man can express himself in language and communicate through various forms of art and culture.

2. Importamce of man over nature. Faith in spiritual values.FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES OF IDEALISM 1. 3. Support to the principle of unity in diversity. 4. Importance of personality development. # .

# . ‡ The teacher should import essentials of knowledge and assist to develop moral and aesthetic value in the child.EDUCATIONAL IMPLICATIONS ‡ Consider student as an individual with inner potentialities. ‡ Curriculum consists of knowledge and experiances which help for the student development.

# .‡ Idealism stresses more on the spiritual development of the child.

‡ Preparation for a holy life.IDEALISM AND AIMS OF EDUCATION ‡ Self realisation or exaltation of personality. # . ‡ Conservation of inborn nature into spiritual nature.goodness. beauty. ‡ To ensure spiritual development. ‡ To cultivate truth.

# .‡ Development of intelligence and rationality.

# .IDEALISM AND CURRICULUM ‡ Emphasis on the study of history and the reading of biographics.

To idealist .education and self activities. ‡ Froebel develop popular method of teaching namely µKindergarten¶. classroom is a spiritual setting where human minds interact and unite and students develop spiritually. ‡ Pestallozzi and Froebel ± Idealist educationost. # . ‡ Pestallozi recommands self.IDEALISM AND METHOD OF TEACHING ‡ Acc.

discussion.Questioning. and lecture method some teaching methods suggested by Idealist. # .

‡ Believes that a disciplined mind only can attain the highest values of life namely truth. # . goodness and beauty.IDEALISM AND DISCIPLINE ‡ Idealism is against free discipline.



Idealistic teacher has to guide the student for achieving the all round development. # .IDEALISM AND TEACHER Accourding to idealism. the best teacher is one who always inspires the students and serves as arole model to them.

sundaram which lead to high moral character of the child.MERITS OF IDEALISM ‡ Made significant contribution in the field of education i. ‡ The teacher is assigned an important role of developing the child the child¶s personality to the fullest. # . ‡ Emphasized on high values of Satyam .e aims of education. Sivam . ‡ Aims at self-realization of individuals by their own effforts.

‡ Respects individuality of the child and stimulates his creative energies. ‡ School Became an important organisation. # . ‡ Emphasises on the principle of self discipline.

beauty. ‡ Emphasizes on the achievement of immortal ideals (truth. Prepares child for the next world. # . ‡ Concerned with ultimate end of life and avoids real problems of day to day life.DEMERITS ‡ It is an abstract philosophy. goodness) which are not immortal.

# .‡ More importance to the teacher rather than child. ‡ Give more importance to humanities for spiritual development rether than scientific subjects.

# .

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