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LABOR RIGHTS

Ne e Roman Yasemin Aksoy Ramazan Oval Zeynep Karsavuran

OUTLINE
Definition of Labor Rights & Brief History of Labor Rights IGOs & NGOs Labor Rights Around the World in Tourism Labor Rights in Turkey in Tourism

LABOR RIGHTS
Labor rights or workers' rights are a group of legal rights and claimed human rights having to do with labor relations between workers and their employers, usually obtained under labor and employment law.

HISTORY OF LABOR RIGHTS


Middle Ages Peasants Revolt in England In England 1833 Law passed about child workers Karl Marx A society ruled by the workers May 1, 1946, US 200 thousand workers stop working 1919 International Labor Organization as part of League of Nations, then incorporated in UN United Nations Declaration of Human Rights
Article 23 Right to work, to free choice of employment Article 24 Right to rest, leisure

International Govermental Organizations & Non- Govermental Organizations

INTERNATIONAL LABOR ORGANIZATION (ILO)


ILO was created in 1919 It has a unique structure. It has 183 country members including Turkey. ILOs four strategic objectives: 1. Promote and realize standards and fundamental principles and rights at work 2. Create greater opportunities for women and men to secure decent employment and income 3. Enhance the coverage and effectiveness of social protection for all 4. Strengthen tripartism and social dialogue

INTERNATIONAL LABOR RIGHTS FORUM (ILRF)


ILFR is an nongovernmental organization. It is established in 1986. Examples of succesful projects: Cocoa Campaign, Fairness in Flower Campaign

LABOR RIGHTS IN TURKEY

INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS FOR TOURISM WORKERS RIGHTS


UNWTO
Global Code Of Ethics For Tourism
ARTICLE 9 Rights of the workers and entrepreneurs in the tourism Industry

IUF - Uniting Food, Farm and Hotel Workers World-Wide Tourism Concern (Fighting Exploitation in Tourism)

MAJOR CONCERNS
Instable employment-high turnover Working hours Low pay, absence of overtime payments Low promotion opportunities Low professional management of employees Gender discrimination Child labour

THE UNIONIZATION LEVEL IN TOURISM


Globally at about 10% In North America, at 14% In Australia, at 18% for full time workers and 13.1% for part time workers In UK, at 4.2%

THE UNIONIZATION LEVEL IN TOURISM

- Reasons for low involvement


Fragmented and heterogeneous nature of the industry The domination of the industry by small and medium sized organizations Reluctance of the employees Subcontracting and internships which divide workers up into different segments The paternalistic management style Part time work, seasonality, labour turnover

Some Examples: UNWTO s campaign against child labour


Sexual exploitation of children in tourism

Some Examples: Hyatt Hotels seeks to lock workers into recession


Recession through outsourcing, speedup, bargaining concessions The union is fighting back with demonstrations, boycotts, industrial action, including national strike action, and coalition building.

LABOR RIGHTS IN TOURISM IN TURKEY

THE UNIONS IN TURKEY


OLEYIS(Turkey Hotels, Restaurants and Entertainment Places Workers Unions) workiing with DISK TOLEYIS(Turkey s Hotels, Restaurants and Entertainment Workers Trade Union) HAVA- IS: The voice of civil aviation workers in Turkey

Legal rights of the tourism workers: extra paymet for every overtime work good working conditions 9 working hours a day Unionization and the support for their rights What are offered for them: low wages No payment for any overtime work Unhealthy working conditions At least 10 working hours a day Obstructions of unionization and firing the unionized ones

WORKERS CHOPPING IN THE HOTELS STARTED


Hervo Clup Sirena Hotel, located in Antalya Belek, had a contract with its workers while recruiting that the workers would work 12 months but at the end of the season, 100 of 350 workers in the hotel were set in front of the door just claiming the seasonal issue without being informed before . In addition, they could not take their payments and any compensation. They are now unemployment and at this season it will be hard for them to find a new job. Will we continue to see the same finals, injustice and exploitation in tourism?

Oley s Un on : 5 Star Hotels in Blocking Unionization


OLEYIS announced that some 5 star hotels are blocking unionization of the labor and iy claims that the government wants to reduce the fight of the labor. It says that if you do not want work, there are lots of people who are ready to work for this payment and so they are continuing to exploit the labor force in tourism

Tourism workers protested their boss in front of his house.2009


The workers of Queen Elizabeth Hotel, located in Gynk, Antalya, protested their boss due to the fact that they could not take their payment and compensation for 2 months. One of the workers explained their hard situation: We are all -150 workers- staying in the dig and waiting for getting our payments. The electricity is switched off. The hotel is closed. We have no money to buy something to eat and drink. The hotel gave us oaths but now we are just waiting to get our payments that we deserve. No one cares us. We can not reach the bosses. The last remedy is to protest and to announce our situation and inevitability. We will be here waiting for getting our rights.

CHILD LABOR IN TURKEY


From a research in Ege University about child workers:  According to ILO, for child labor the age limit is 15 with finishing compulsory education. Least 13-year-old children can work in the soft works such as working in the restaurants as waiters less than 14 hours in a week.  A survey from ILO about the child labor force in Turkey on October, 1999: 78.8 % of 6-17 year-old children continues their education. The rest of them has to work to help their family.

HOW CHILD LABOR RANGES BETWEEN INDUSTRIES


Around the world 70.4% of the children works in forestry, farming and fishery industry 8.3% in industry/ trade 6.5% in service 3.8% in transportation 1.9% in construction and 0.8% in mining In Turkey 56.7% in agriculture 21.8% in industry 10.2% in trade 10.4% in service works

IN CONLUSION

THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION