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By Sneha Soni .

What it is Unemployment as defined by the ILO-occurs when people are without jobs and they have actively looked for work within the past for weeks Unemployment rate is a measure of the prevalence of unempolyment. calculated as a percentage by dividing the number of unemployed individuals by all individuals currently in the labour force. .

Unemployment rates for women are higher then those for men. The incidence of unemployment among the educated is much higher than the overall unemployment.Identified features of unemployment The incidence of unemployment is much higher in urban areas then in rural areas. . There is greater unemployment in agricultural sector than in industrial and other major sectors.

Classification of unemployment Cyclical Sudden involuntary Unemploymeny Voluntary Structural Seasonal Disguised .

Ability to look for employment . class. ethnicity. color and race). This may in turn lead to decline in demand for certain services as well as products. Attitude towards employers Willingness to work Perception of employees Employee values Discriminating factors in the place of work (may include discrimination on the basis of age.Causes of Unemployment Rapid changes in technology Recessions Inflation Disability Undulating business cycles Changes in tastes as well as alterations in the climatic conditions.

not just economic. Unemployment financial costs . crime rates rise as people are unable to meet their needs through work. too.Effects Of Unemployment Effects of unemployment are social. Frequently. Divorce rates often rise because people cannot solve their financial problems.

EFFECTS OF UNEMPLOYMENT Cont.. Mental health problems Health diseases Tension at home Political issue Tension over taxes rise Insecurity amongst employees Crime and violence Suicide cases Social outing Stigma Employment gaps His/her skills to use Unemployment can lead to emotional and mental stress .

REMEDIES OF UNEMPLOYMENT Rapid Industrialization Need of faster economic growth Greater focus on vocational skills and self employment Government support Cuts in real wages Promoting education .

Vocational education should be given more importance. The problem of unemployment in India can be solved by adopting a multi dimensional strategy. More labour intensive industries should be set up to create more jobs. .GOVERNMENT POLICY TO SOLVE UNEMPLOYMENT Recently UPA Government has come up with Rural Employment Guarantee program which aims to provide minimum days of employment to people living in the villages.