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Prepared by Lim Thieng Thieng PPISMP RBT SEM 2

. The first mobile phone was released in 1973 by Motorola Company. Mobile phones have become like a body part to the people. They carry the mobile phones wherever they go (even to bathrooms).Today people can live without food but they cannot live without mobile phones.

1932. .The idea of inventing the cellular phone was came by the invention of shore-to-ship radio communication invented by Reginald Fessenden in the second world war. Martin Cooper of Motorola was the one who made the first cell phone call to his rival Joe Engel of AT&T Bell Labs. The first Cellular phone was discovered by Joel Engel and Richard Frenkiel in the year 1971. He was called as the father of RadioBroadcasting. He was a Canadian born in July 22.

1G-First generation-the 1980 s The first popular mobile phones used analogue radio technology. This was the 1980 s .1. Most were actually fitted into cars as the equipment was so bulky.

ad s ort battery life and anyone it a scanner could eavesdrop on conservations. oor audio uality. Large mobile phone . Nevert eless early adopters boug t t em in droves ic encouraged t e operating companies to invest billions in developing better phones.Anal g t c nology a some asic roblems namely t ey ere bulky.

MOBILE PHONE SHOP IN 1980S MOBILE PHONE IN 1980S .The first generation mobile phones worked with the FDMA technology. The first generation mobiles are large in size and heavy to carry. The 1G mobile phones are used only for the voice communication purpose.

Security was much better as it is harder to eavesdrop on digital signals. This ultimately enabled quicker network signaling. 2G mobile phones use digital circuit switched transmissio ns.They became digital devices rather analogue. . lowering the amount of dropped calls and increasing call quality.

With these innovations. .‡ Advances in battery technology. ‡ Battery life improved because the phone consumed so much less power and they became much smaller. as well as computer chip technology also helped to make 2G cell phones much smaller than their predecessors. cell phone usage soared.

plus they were hand held devices that were truly portable without the need for a large battery. . Most 2G cellular phones were usually in the range of 100 to 200 grams. Phones based on 2G technology were much smaller than the brick telephones of the mid to late 80's. effectively making them obsolete. most of the time. they replaced analog network frequencies.As 2G digital networks were online.

The GSM technology was first introduced in Finland in the year 1991. Many new features are invented in the second generation.The second generation mobile phones are worked with the GSM and CDMA technologies. Digital mobile phone networks were in use in the United States in 1990 and in Europe by 1991. .

‡ 1G and 2G mobile phones .‡ Mobile phone in 1991 with adapter.

. the way of transmitting and receiving digital data changed from the usual circuit switching method used for telephone calls over to packet-switching which is how the internet works .‡ In the 3rd generation phones.

the 4G phones went over to packet switching for all data. ‡ The age of the smart phone had begun.‡ By now the phone companies wanted to offer even higher speeds to video streaming and so on. . VoIP telephone calls were already popular. including voice. ‡ Along with this. ‡ On the internet.

mobile internet. The modern phones comes with the touch screen technology where everything in touch.The 4G mobile phones come with the features of mobile telephone. You can have the Video calls where you can see the other end talker in your phone. . Video calls and mobile TV. The mobiles can have the internet connection downlink up to 56Mbps and 22Mbps in uplink.