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wikispaces. (It s when a strong country dominates a smaller country and exploits them for a reason. - - https://rundle10. trade advantages. religion.) . . Some of the reasons include: Military advantages.com/blog/europe/european-imperialism/ . natural resources. and social darwinism.‡ Imperialism is the quest for colonial empires. It s driven by the need for markets and raw materials as well as the desire for power and prestige. . new markets.europeword.com/Imperialism http://www.

com/books/asearch.jpg http://www.Alfred Mahan Book: The Influence of Sea Power Upon History -Stated that the US needed a strong navy to protect its economic interests in foreign markets http://commons.antiqbook.org/wiki/File:Alfred_thayer_mahan.phtml?author=Alfred%20Mahan .wikimedia.

anbg.national.com/archives/2003/04/24/screen-china.au/biography/biog-pics/cook-james.jpg http://home.jpg .wangjianshuo.flag.http://www.gov.

http://www. As the economy was booming.jpg American investors were also interested in the sugar industry Hawaii had.adventure-travel.realtravel.com/wp-content/files/hawaii_01. sugar production was too and this made more money for the investors.jpg http://blog.org. It was also said to be a great place to build naval bases (Global reach/power/trade) and coaling stations.America wanted to acquire Hawaii because the island had a tropical climate and fertile soil.uk/img/hawaii_text. .

. Years later. .com annex Hawaii as a territory for not making the deal.wordpress. refused the deal. the McKinley Tariff was put into play and ended the sugar trade which led to economical issues. Surprisingly. Kalakaua. .jpg?w=300&h=225 http://www. planters and traders then formed the Hawaiian League to try to persuade the United states to . the king.bigisland-bigisland.com/2009/04/eferal-sugar-cane. American business leaders. a year later the United States forced Kalakaua at gunpoint to sign a constitution which allowed the US to build a naval base at Pearl Harbor.In 1886. http://lovingthebigisland.files. the US officials demanded control over Pearl Harbor in exchange for tax-free sugar.

European powers took over those newly controlled lands and made a spheres of influence ² when a country takes over new lands and influences their economical and political power. Japan attacked China and gained the island of Taiwan and Korea. .In 1895.

jpg He sent out Open Door Policy papers to the Europeans and Japanese that asked them to agree to 3 things: 1. but thankfully.com/f/Open%20Door%20Policy. Guarantee equal harbor. Keep all trade ports in their spheres open to all nations.The United States almost ended trade with China. Chinese officials be allowed to collect all tariffs and duties.bobmccaughey. 2. . railroad. in 1899 Secretary of State John Hay created the Open Door Policy.com http://alpharettaushistory. which gave all nations equal access to trade. John Hay 3. http://www.pbworks. and tariff rates in their spheres to all nations trading in China.

also known as ´The Boxersµ was created. This was known as the Boxer Rebellion.wikimedia. http://upload. a secret society group called the Fists of Righteous Harmony.jpg . This group sent out handbills stating the foreigners and missionaries were the ones who caused all the Chinese troubles. foreign countries brought in troops and rescued the foreigners still there.Because the Chinese didn·t like foreigners. http://upload.jpg In 1990.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c7/Foreign_armies_in_Beijing_during_Boxer_Rebellion. China. the boxers attacked western missionaries and northern traders and killed nearly 300 people! They also killed foreigners in the settlements in Beijing.org/wikipedia/commons/1/10/Boxer_Rebellion. Thankfully.

Matthew Perry was sent out to persuade Japan to trade with the West.jpg The leaders of Japan began to trade with the West.jpg . a battle broke out called the Russo-Japanese War. However.talismancoins. A year later.com/catalog/Matthew_Perry_Japanese_Print. President Roosevelt stepped in and negotiated peace between the two countries. This gained Japan industrial power and built up its army/navy.org/data/Russo-Japanese%20War. http://japanfocus.In 1853. He ended the war and won the Nobel Peace Prize. himself and seven warships sailed to Tokyo and gave Japans rulers two gifts: a telegraph transmitter and a model train. because Japan was a rival with Russia over Chinese territories. http://www.

Alaska is finally handed to the United States from Russia. . known as ´Seward·s Follyµ or ´Seward·s Iceboxµ.cruisebrothers. Secretary of State. William Seward. Alaska was even a strategic location when fighting the Soviet Union in the 20th century because it served as a trans-shipment point for aircrafts. As settlement grew slowly. gold. Today.wikipedia. signs a treaty with Russia to purchase Alaska for 7 million dollars.org/wiki/File:Alaska_Purchase_(hi-res). oil and other natural resources were later founded there.com/images/Destinations/Alaska2.jpg About 7 months later.jpg http://www.In March 1867. it·s location is also good for nation security purposes. http://en.

org/other_wars_files/image004.com/files/images/2010/112210/WOLFCALE.http://outreachmilitary.jpg .jpg http://www3.Davis-Spanish%20American%20War.familyoldphotos.preview.

he moved to New York City and promoted Cuban independence. or forced many people to leave their country.com/flag-cuba. By stopping this rebellion.org/content/m23122/latest/ A poet named Jose M rti revolted against the leaders of Cuba and was one of many people exiled. http://flagsandanthems. the government exiled many people. Later in his life.Cubans were having unsuccessful revolts with the Cuban government. .html http://cnx. He even started another revolt with Cuban exiles but was unfortunately killed in the battle.

S support to go to war with Spain. http://www.nndb.American journalist.htm . http://www. He used a technique called Yellow Journalism to sell newspapers without actually well-researching the news. Willi m R dolp Hearst wrote about the situation in Cuba in his two popular newspapers: T e New York Jour l and Josep Pulitzer¶s New York World.com/ THE MAINE INCIDENT Because he believed that newspapers should tell public opinion and policy.freewebs. he sent artist Frederic Remington to Cuba to create drawings that show Spanish cruelty.com/philippineoliver/philippinehistory. instead making the headlines the eye-catching part that made people want to buy it. This was a plan to try to get U.

org/ Before the U. and a bidder for the admiration of the crowd.org http://www. . the ship blew up for an unknown reason and killed nearly 260 sailors.S was about to go to war with Spain.S. The New York Journal published this event with the headline ³DESTRUCTION OF T E WAR SHIP MAINE WAS THE WORK OF AN ENEMY!´ Two months later the U. a very tragic event happened in Cuba. by calling President McKinley ³weak. the New York Journal published a letter that was written from Spain¶s minister to the U.wikimedia. which is doing something.ohiohistorycentral.S. The battleship USS Maine had been sent to Havana.THE MAINE INCIDENT A couple months later a letter.´ This caused the Americans to get outraged.S congress declared war on Spain.S lives and property. such as insulting the president. to make another country go to war with you. The letter µinsulted¶ the U. http://commons. However. Cuba to help protect U. also known as Jingoism.

Olympia and opened fire once the Spanish fired upon them first.S.com/ The Spanish in the Philippines finally surrendered months later after George received aid from Emilio Aguinaldo who helped him capture the island. http://www.www.S.com The Spanish-American War¶s first battle ± United States VS Spain -.was at the Philippine Islands with leader George Dewey. George and his fleet came across the Manila Bay in his flagship called the U. .Gjenvick.gettyimages.

At night time.watchmojo. took over the fort and won the battle. http://www. Most of the soldiers were Rough Riders.The United States attacked the Spanish at Fort Santiago (which included El Caney and San Juan Hill). No horses were available so everyone had to charge up hill with the Spanish firing down on them.000 soldiers up the San Juan Hill.S. the U. hoping to capture it.com . El Caney was captured easily by one U.S division.com/tag/spain/ Lieutenant Colonel Theodore Roosevelt led 1. composed of athletes. and ranchers. American Indians. www. cowboys.Gettyimages.

Puerto Rico and Guam. Spain gave up their control of the Philippines to the United States 4. 5. The United States grew more world power and expanded their sphere of www.jeanhounshellpeppers.http://www. Spain surrendered their territories.Balagan.400 soldiers died from either war or disease/food poisoning 5.com 1.loc.org . to the United States www.uk influence www. Cuba was set free from Spain ruling over them 2.Solpass.org.gov 3.

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arlingtoncemetery. Protectorate.S would protect Cuba from other nations but also allowed them to intervene in Cuba at anytime. He appointed Leonard Wood as the governor of Cuba who faced many issues with one being sanitation issues. http://www.net/lwood.S troops in Cuba if they made the Platt Amendment part of its constitution. it made Cuba a U.jpg Because Cuba still wasn·t independent. Congress said they would take out U. President McKinley wanted to put order back into the islands by setting up military governments to rule them.htm http://commons.org/wiki/File:Platt_amendment_page_1. This meant that the U. This amendment limited the freedom for Cuba to make treaties with other countries and also required them to sell/lease land to the United States for naval and fueling stations.S.wikimedia. By agreeing to this.After gaining control over Puerto Rico and Cuba after the Spanish-American War. .

com/Photos/stevens.gutenberg. Roosevelt appointed John Stevens as the chief engineer and architect to get things back on track.czbrats. **BUILT TO CUT TRAVEL TIME** http://www.jpg http://www. With tough challenges faced such as storms and diseases. yellow fever came upon them which postponed development on the Canal.org/files/24250/24250-h/images/i103.People building the Panama Canal faced harsh working conditions and they didn·t have the required materials to build it. the first passage through the Panama Canal was finally completed in 1914 by the SS Ancon! .png Eventually. Even worse.

jpg . Roosevelt modified the Monroe Doctrine with the Roosevelt Corollary.com/WStage/RooseveltCorollary.wikispaces. The money was in the form of high-interest bank loans.S took things away from the Dominican Republic which made them protest because the Europeans came to them saying they demanded for repayment. over time the U. which stopped chaos. and Woodrow Wilson to help protect U. http://www. Our country decided to make a move and send marines there.S interests from Latin America because Latin America·s wealth of raw materials engrossed a lot of Europeans and Americans capital. It was issued by President Roosevelt to try to stop the Europeans from forcing the Dominican Republic to repay them for their loans.The Monroe Doctrine was put into play by presidents Theodore Roosevelt. http://daliamindy. William Taft.com/ Later on. However.historycentral.

org/wiki/File:Tr-bigstick-cartoon.wikimedia. The quote "Speak softly and carry a big stick" was first used in this speech at the Minnesota State Fair twelve days after the assassination of William McKinley."Speak softly and carry a big stick" The Big Stick Diplomacy was a slogan directed towards Roosevelt·s Corollary with the Monroe Doctrine.org/ http://zunguzungu. It implements the idea of negotiating peacefully.com/ .JPG http://upload. http://en.wikipedia.wordpress.

wikimedia.svg . http://en. completed a circumnavigation of the earth.org/wiki/File:Great_white_fleet_map. also known as the United States Navy battle.org/ The Great White Fleet. The fleet consisted of 16 battle ships with 14.000 miles for 14 months hoping to gain world power and naval power.http://upload.000 men who traveled about 45.wikipedia.

American capital grew to over 1. Over the years. He thought that increasing economic power by replacing European loans with American loans would reduce the chances of European intervention.whitehouse.blogspot.S.6 billion dollars since we invested in mines. there was a revolt and Taft had to send in about 2000 soldiers to stop it and protect the U. http://thamanjimmy. loaned about 1. http://www. railroads.com/ An example of the Dollar Diplomacy would be when the U.gov/about/presidents/williamhowardtaft .President Taft created the Dollar Diplomacy policy because he wanted to protect U.S interests in Latin America. and sugar plantations.S investments. Shortly after all that money was given.5 million dollars to Nicaragua.