By Mrs Humera Aftab

Outline and its importance
A document that briefly summarizes the information included in a paper, book, speech, essay, or similar document. € Shows the order in which the information will be presented . € Indicates the relationship of the pieces of information to each other.

Outlines allow you to map your thoughts into a coherent, logical organization. € They also let you know early in the writing process if an idea for a paper, book, or other project just isn't going to pan out because you don't have enough supporting material or information or because the idea simply isn't sound.

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They make the process of writing fast and easier. Time spent on making outlines saves time in original writing. It helps you make your own point of view clear to you. Complex ideas are made easier. If a change is required, can be easily made in outline.

Outlines indicate early on whether you have left out important information or added superfluous ideas. € Word processors have made writing outlines much simpler because they make it very easy to add, delete, reorganize, or even completely revamp information as much and as often as necessary.

Writing the Outline
Before you write outline, complete your preliminary research ²you can't write an outline until you know more or less what it is you are going to talk about. € After you have researched your topic, you can then determine your thesis, or the main idea or point that you want to argue in your document.

After deciding on a thesis statement, you need to identify several supporting points that substantiate your thesis. € These supporting points will be the main ideas of your outline.

If you have a good idea of what you will write about, then you probably don¶t need a full outline. € If, you still don¶t have the essay in focus, you should make an outline. Some times, a quick sketch of an outline will be enough, but some times you may need a full, detailed outline, particularly if the essay will be long and complex.

Format of an Outline

First main idea A. Supporting idea 1 Details 2 Details 3 Details a. Minor details b. Minor details


B. Supporting idea 1. Details 2. Details C. Supporting idea Second main idea

Types of the Outline
€ The

Topic Outline € The Sentence Outline

The Topic Outline
Growing up with Computers

Growing computer use in my life A. Video games in first grade B. Father¶s PC 1. Brought home in fourth grade 2. Took over 3. Weekend net surfing

C. School

1. Appearance in school computer lab. 2. High school computer course D. First generation to grow up on computers E. Impact II. Effect in hand-eye coordination A. Quick response for playing games B. Other skills neglected 1. Cricket playing 2. Delicate construction

III. Effect on problem solving

A. Constant problem solving B. Computers as complex multiple environment 1. Finding way through 2. Figuring out how programs work 3. Figuring out how to make programs work 4. Making my own programs

The Sentence Outline
I Growing up with Computers I have been using computers since my early age. A. I got my first video game in first grade. B. When my father brought home a PC, I soon took it over. C. Computers also started appearing in school . D. I was the first generation to grow up on computers, and computers have effected me physically, mentally, and socially.

Using computer has affected my hand-eye coordination. A. Playing computer games quickened my response to visual stimuli as I shot down invaders from space. B. However, I had little time to develop other hand-eye skills needed for playing cricket or constructing models. III. Using computers has developed my problem solving skills.

A. Using computer require constant

problem solving. B. Computer contains complex words that you must find your way through. C. You need to solve problems to make programs work and to design your own programs.

Things to Remember
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Only main ideas form the main headings. All the subheadings relate to the main headings under which they appear. All the headings in a series are of the same type. All the headings are clearly different s that they don¶t overlap. Whenever you breakdown a heading, you have at least two subheadings.

Everything important that appears in the essay is included. € All the items are indented correctly. € You put a period after each letter or number.